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art therapy

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by

Damokles Sol

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of art therapy

How
art

therapy
What
Why
Who
art
and
therapy
What is
art
?
creating something

your meanings, impressions, feelings

non-verbal expression
What is
therapy
?
Greek: "curing, healing"

attempted remediation of a health problem

somatic & psychological
China Ink
acrylics
clay
music
theatre
watercolors
handicraft
patchwork
oil paint
sculpting

What kind of
art
are
you
doing in your daily life?

with different art media
somatic & psychological
individually or in groups
brief sessions or a long therapy one over years

state-approved study path
What is the potential of art therapy
non-verbal expression

making unconscious conscious

multiple ways of interpretation
history
of
art therapy

a person's state of mind can be read from a picture

18th century

belief in the natural healing capabilities of art

19th century

psychoanalytic writing
• art as a way of
communication
Freud & Jung
clay,
chalk
stamps (potato stamps)
paint
pencil
mandalas
make a photobook
knitting with wool
making postcards
...
challenges
benefits
three-way
communication
In old age emotional needs are often overlooked because of physical problems.

artwork
therapist
client
relationship
process | creation
interpretation
Art
Therapy for people with

Parkinson´s disease
research interests
Is art therapy helpful for people with Parkinson´s disease and their carers or not?

What emotional impact does the illness have?


Offering individual art therapy sessions (24 one hour sessions over 6 month)

N= 9 (7 male, 2 female)

Age: 60 - 80

Where: Great Britain - residential home for elderly
method

therapist keeps and dates all the art work (notes, photographs questionnaires)

reflect the session : "Was it helpful?"

asks for feedback
Parkinson´s disease
neurological disease which primarily creates
disturbance of movement

affects mood and cognitive function
(PDS, 2008a)

produces
shakiness, rigidity and stiffness
Facial muscle movement are reduced
(the mask of Parkinson´s)
Art
Therapy for older people with

Dementia
needs of people with Parkinson´s disease

improvement of
communication skills

help in case of depression (PDS, 2008b) treatment: medication

psychological support, especially self esteem and self efficacy

somatic needs:
learn to live with the illness in daily life

get medicine

get help from others


psychological needs:
results
art therapy can be helpful for some patients:

therapists need to be flexible and confident themselves about using a range of materials

hands felt less tense after modeling with clay

experience of
pleasure
while painting with colors

less shaking
with sponges
children
adolescents
adults (e.g. burnout patients)
prisoners
palliative care and old age

discovering that they can
still learn

associations from paintings make them
remember
things from the past

art therapy can also provide a distraction from
worry or rumination

it helps to focus on what is healthy and positive about them, rather then focusing on disabilities or problems
emotional results
depression rate





mental acuity
physical competancy
calmness
sociability
study
"The experience of Parkinon´s:
Words and images through art therapy"

by Susan Strand & Diane Waller (2010)
outline
Image sources
http://www.outsidethefray.com/2013/05/10-dirty-canvas-textures/
http://erinxavier.wordpress.com/art-clears-the-mind/
http://www.mare2.de/Treibholz-Bilderrahmen-p4206.html
time boundaries
same save room
keeping artwork save
setting
material
therapist
artwork
careres
Discussion
social connection
decreases social isolation
sharing and helping
(experience of altruism)
opportunity to create meaning through life review
reminds them that they still have something to give
express and manage emotions
experience of control
(they can make decisions)
leave legacy
creative process
Role Play
can energize
stimulate memory
free emotions
increase activity level
3 - 4 people
one therapist
the others play physically disabled persons
20-30 minutes of creative working
5 minutes reflection
use of clay, ink, china ink or pencils
results
increased
nothing changed
Sources
Case, C & Dally, T. (2006). The Handbook of Art Therapy. London: Routledge.

Johnson, C.M. & Sullivan-Marx, E.M. (2006). “Art Therapy: Using the Creative Process for Healing and Hope Among African American Older Adults”. Geriatric Nursing, Vol. 27(5). 309-316.

Rusted, J. et al. (2006). “A Multicentre Randomized Control Group Trial on the Use of Art Therapy for Older People with Dementia”. The Group-Analytic Society, Vol.39(4). 517-536.

Strand, S. & Waller, D. (2010). “The experiences of Parkinson’s: Words and images through art therapy – a pilot research study” International Journal of Art Therapy, Vol. 15(2) 84-93.

PDS. (2008a) Parkinson´s and you. An introducktion to Parkinson´s disease. Parkinson´s disease society

PDS. (2008b) Information sheet - depression and Parkinson´s. London. Parkinson´s disease society
increased sig.
p < 0.05
decreased sig.
p < 0.05
comparing scores at the baseline and 40 weeks
art group

activity

group
Cognitive and neurobiological deficits like impaired memory, language and reasoning, depression, anxiety and personality changes, which affect the quality of life.
(Burns et al., 2002; Landes et al., 2000)
Dementia
evaluation of immediate and long-term effects of art therapy for older people with dementia, especially significant positive changes in mood and cognition


participation in art therapy groups could produce significant positive changes in mood and cognition for older people with dementia and extend beyond the therapeutic environment.
aim
hypothesis
(Rusted et al., 2006)
outline
N=45 (31 women, 14 men)
range 67 - 92
diagnosis of dementia
attendance at day care
without other psychiatric disorders

random assignment to
art therapy group
activity group

over a time of 40 weeks (one hour sessions)

one therapist in each group
established measures of depression, anxiety, sociability, cognitive status, memory and verbal fluency
mood changes, mental acuity, physical involvement, calmness, sociability and cooperative or anti-social behaviour plus

total time spent in sessions
outside session measures
within session measures
elderly people with dementia show
positive changes in mood and sociability
compared with regular small group work

art therapy sessions benefit over and above those observed in recreational activities

sociability in the wider day care setting improved

implications
photography
Thank you! :)
Full transcript