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Transcript of art therapy
your meanings, impressions, feelings
Greek: "curing, healing"
attempted remediation of a health problem
somatic & psychological
What kind of
doing in your daily life?
with different art media
somatic & psychological
individually or in groups
brief sessions or a long therapy one over years
state-approved study path
What is the potential of art therapy
making unconscious conscious
multiple ways of interpretation
a person's state of mind can be read from a picture
belief in the natural healing capabilities of art
• art as a way of
Freud & Jung
stamps (potato stamps)
make a photobook
knitting with wool
In old age emotional needs are often overlooked because of physical problems.
process | creation
Therapy for people with
Is art therapy helpful for people with Parkinson´s disease and their carers or not?
What emotional impact does the illness have?
Offering individual art therapy sessions (24 one hour sessions over 6 month)
N= 9 (7 male, 2 female)
Age: 60 - 80
Where: Great Britain - residential home for elderly
therapist keeps and dates all the art work (notes, photographs questionnaires)
reflect the session : "Was it helpful?"
asks for feedback
neurological disease which primarily creates
disturbance of movement
affects mood and cognitive function
shakiness, rigidity and stiffness
Facial muscle movement are reduced
(the mask of Parkinson´s)
Therapy for older people with
needs of people with Parkinson´s disease
help in case of depression (PDS, 2008b) treatment: medication
psychological support, especially self esteem and self efficacy
learn to live with the illness in daily life
get help from others
art therapy can be helpful for some patients:
therapists need to be flexible and confident themselves about using a range of materials
hands felt less tense after modeling with clay
while painting with colors
adults (e.g. burnout patients)
palliative care and old age
discovering that they can
associations from paintings make them
things from the past
art therapy can also provide a distraction from
worry or rumination
it helps to focus on what is healthy and positive about them, rather then focusing on disabilities or problems
"The experience of Parkinon´s:
Words and images through art therapy"
by Susan Strand & Diane Waller (2010)
same save room
keeping artwork save
decreases social isolation
sharing and helping
(experience of altruism)
opportunity to create meaning through life review
reminds them that they still have something to give
express and manage emotions
experience of control
(they can make decisions)
increase activity level
3 - 4 people
the others play physically disabled persons
20-30 minutes of creative working
5 minutes reflection
use of clay, ink, china ink or pencils
Case, C & Dally, T. (2006). The Handbook of Art Therapy. London: Routledge.
Johnson, C.M. & Sullivan-Marx, E.M. (2006). “Art Therapy: Using the Creative Process for Healing and Hope Among African American Older Adults”. Geriatric Nursing, Vol. 27(5). 309-316.
Rusted, J. et al. (2006). “A Multicentre Randomized Control Group Trial on the Use of Art Therapy for Older People with Dementia”. The Group-Analytic Society, Vol.39(4). 517-536.
Strand, S. & Waller, D. (2010). “The experiences of Parkinson’s: Words and images through art therapy – a pilot research study” International Journal of Art Therapy, Vol. 15(2) 84-93.
PDS. (2008a) Parkinson´s and you. An introducktion to Parkinson´s disease. Parkinson´s disease society
PDS. (2008b) Information sheet - depression and Parkinson´s. London. Parkinson´s disease society
p < 0.05
p < 0.05
comparing scores at the baseline and 40 weeks
Cognitive and neurobiological deficits like impaired memory, language and reasoning, depression, anxiety and personality changes, which affect the quality of life.
(Burns et al., 2002; Landes et al., 2000)
evaluation of immediate and long-term effects of art therapy for older people with dementia, especially significant positive changes in mood and cognition
participation in art therapy groups could produce significant positive changes in mood and cognition for older people with dementia and extend beyond the therapeutic environment.
(Rusted et al., 2006)
N=45 (31 women, 14 men)
range 67 - 92
diagnosis of dementia
attendance at day care
without other psychiatric disorders
random assignment to
art therapy group
over a time of 40 weeks (one hour sessions)
one therapist in each group
established measures of depression, anxiety, sociability, cognitive status, memory and verbal fluency
mood changes, mental acuity, physical involvement, calmness, sociability and cooperative or anti-social behaviour plus
total time spent in sessions
outside session measures
within session measures
elderly people with dementia show
positive changes in mood and sociability
compared with regular small group work
art therapy sessions benefit over and above those observed in recreational activities
sociability in the wider day care setting improved
Thank you! :)