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Harry Potter and Freud
Transcript of Harry Potter and Freud
Snape projects his hatred for Harry's father onto Harry Unconscious In the Order of the Phoenix, Harry watches a memory in which Snape insults his friend Lily by calling her a Mudblood. Since Snape loves Lily, he does not mean to insult her, the term just "slips out" from his unconscious. (Freudian Slip!) Harry's mother,
girlfriend, Ginny They look similar! "The reader of Harry Potter is able to indulge
in wish fulfillment of the most basic fantasies, without the grief which would ordinarily attach to them." http://www.human-nature.com/free-associations/harrypotter.html Voldemort kills Harry's father first, and Lily runs to hide her son.
Harry has EXCLUSIVE possession of his mother, if only for a few moments. The Mirror of Erised (Desire) The mirror shows its user what he or she desires.
Harry sees his parents alive again.
The mirror is a form of wish fulfillment, like a dream. A defense mechanism.
People "project" unpleasant feelings
onto an external target. Voldemort The Psychology of Projection Voldemort is born as Tom Riddle, a Half-Blood:
son of a witch and a Muggle.
Tom wishes he was a Pureblood,
and changes his name to disguise his lesser blood status.
When Voldemort gains complete power over the wizarding world, he launches a campaign victimizing all Half-Bloods.
He projects his feelings of inadequacy on others. Thanatos - Death Drive Voldemort is a very disturbed dark wizard. His thanatos leads him to incur brutal crimes and massacres on society.
At the same time, he fears death and splits his soul into Horcruxes to stay immortal. Eros and Libido Libido (Love) fuels Eros, the life drive and the need for self-preservation. Harry has Voldemort and a massive army of Death Eaters hunting for him in the Deathly Hallows. Many innocent people die for his sake.
However, Harry refuses to surrender to Voldemort.
The love of his deceased parents and his friends keeps his eros alive. Regression Ron regresses into childish anger at Harry and Hermione in The Deathly Hallows. His frustration at their failure to find Horcruxes causes him to have temper tantrums and abandon his friends. J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter series is the
highest selling book series in the world.
400 million copies of the 7 main books
have been sold. The unconscious fuels the creativity of authors like Rowling, and many Freudian fantasies manifest themselves in the Harry Potter books.
In general, the more common the fantasy in the story, the more popular the book.
Readers can abandon their ego's reality principle and enjoy an "internal world which represents the external world as we should like it to be." http://www.human-nature.com/free-associations/harrypotter.html J. K. Rowling has woven many Freudian concepts
into the plots and characters of the series.
Our first example: By
Field Dementors are creatures that repress all happy memories and summon painful
memories from the unconscious.
Harry hears his mother screaming
(a memory from when he was a baby)
in the presence of dementors. Free Association Ginny Weasley free-associates to Tom Riddle's Diary in The Chamber of Secrets.
"Ginny poured her heart out into that diary"(DH 105) Repression In the Half-Blood Prince, Professor Slughorn gives valuable information to Tom Riddle (Lord Voldemort). He is ashamed of his actions, so he represses the memory and remembers it incorrectly. In the Order of the Phoenix, Harry is conflicted over whether he should try to resuce his godfather:
Perceptual apparatus: the external environment is unsafe
Id instincts and super-ego: encourage him to rescue Sirius.
His Id wins In the Deathly Hallows, Harry debates whether he should seek the Horcruxes or the Deathly Hallows:
Id: Seek the Hallows. They will give him power
Super-ego: Seek the Horcruxes. This is the task assigned to him by Dumbledore, so it is his moral responsibility.
His super-ego wins In the Half-Blood Prince, Draco Malfoy decides whether or not to kill Dumbledore:
Perceptual System: He must kill Dumbledore because Voldemort expects him to.
Superego/conscience: Killing is wrong
His superego wins Id/Ego/Superego Conflicts Dream Content A Patronus is an animal created by a certain spell. Its shape stems from the unconscious, so it is similar to a dream Manifest Content: Snape's Partronus is a doe
Latent Content: Lily, the woman Snape loves, also produced a doe-shaped Patronus Snape's Patronus symbolizes his love for Lily Rationalization In the Deathly Hallows, Remus Lupin almost leaves his wife to help Harry on his quest when she becomes pregnant.
He rationalizes his abandonment by claiming that Harry needs help.
Harry confronts Lupin about his actual motives, so Lupin returns to his wife when he can no longer believe his rationalization.