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Super Duper Hard Science Project

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Joon Lee

on 19 May 2011

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Transcript of Super Duper Hard Science Project

Astronomy The Universe contains everything in this world Early Astronomers Galileo Galilei Let us time travel back to the beginning of the universe First, there was nothing... No stars, comets, planets, and galaxies AND THEN... Oort Cloud Kuiper Belt Asteroid Belt Asteroids Meteors Objects In Our Solar System Jan Oort Dutch Astronomer Came up with a theory that certain comets come from a stretched, extremely distant, spherical shell of icy bodies surrounding the solar system Objects composed of rocky or metallic materials.
Orbit around the Sun in a region called Asteroid Belt Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642) Constructed telescopes and used those for astrnomical observations.
One of the first one to start using telescope
Discovered four moons of Jupiter
Discovered Saturn’s rings.
Observed sunspots and by watching them discovered the Sun’s rotation. Comets Human Exploration OUT OF THE EXPLOSION..... Early & Modern Astronauts Neil Armstrong (August 5th, 1930 -) Planets Galaxies Dust Rocks a Stars Constellations Human are designed to find patterns
connected stars to look like figures of myths There are three kinds of galaxies in the universe The Messier Catalog Contained everything from Nebulas TO GALAXIES Had a list of about 100 different astronomical objects Spiral Galaxy Has pinwheel like arms with a slight "bulge" in the middle The bulge is a big star The arms contain lots of dust and gas, and newborn stars Elliptical Galaxy Can be circular, or oval Very little gas, and dust Little stars form on these galaxies because of lack of gas Irregular Galaxy Bunched up stars, gas and dust Some have lots of star formation, some does not Most irregulars are small and faint Tycho Brahe (1546 - 1601) Space Dust Fills up a lot of the universe and galaxies Nebulas NEBULA Made extremely accurate measurements of planetary positions
Determined the year's length within a second.
Employed Johannes Kepler as an assitant and he analyzed the datas. Cloud of of dust, hydrogen gas, helium gas and other ionized gases
Most stars born from Nebula Five types of Nebulas Reflection
Dark
Planetary
Supernova Remnant
Emission Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) Analyzed Brahe's datas and formulated Kepler's three laws
First law - orbit of every planet is ellipse shaped
Second Law - planet move faster when they are close to the sun.
Third Law - Planets that are more distant from the sun, takes longer to orbit the sun. Icy Objects
Release gas and dust as they orbit the sun a First human to set foot on the moon.
"One step for a man, one giant leap for mankind"
Mission Commander in Apollo 11 The 9 Planets of the solar system; milky way Stars are clssified by the Herzsprung-Russell Diagram Planets I am the moon.

I love the Earth
I chase it night and day
I've been following him for the last
billions and billions of years.

Everday I try to appeal myself, but I am nothing
I cannot shine on my own.
I borrow the light and warmth of our mother Sun,
pretend I shine just like her.

Human say that my moon light is beutiful
but really, they are not mine. Some say I'm made of cheese
Some say I'm full of crates.
I'm nothing, compared to my beutiful sister Venus

I love Earth, but I don't have the courage
I end up wondering around him again
I see Earth losing its pureness everyday
Humans burn him down and make him suffer

For how much more
will I be able to look upon Earth

Oh Earth do you not know how I feel
I am the moon, your true lover Everyone appreciates the Sun
Everyone appreciates her warmth
Everyone appreciates her light
but there is always someone else
left behind the shadow of the Sun

Everynight, you give us way
with your moon light
let us see in the dark
but we know
that the light is not yours

You always wanted to be a super star
You know you cannot be a star
You're just a satlite
orbiting around the Earth

You complain you're lonely
but look around you
Venus will look after you
Mars will take care of you
Father Jupiter will watch you

Every night
I see the shadow of your smile Shadow of Your Smile Moon So Yeon Yi (April 27th, 1978 - ) First Korean astronaut to go to the space.
South Korean scientist who earned Ph.D graduate in KAIST.
Chosen on Korean astronaut program
South Korea paid 20 million dollars to Russia for her flight. 13.7 Billion Years Ago 13 Billion Years Ago 12 Billion Years Ago 11 Billion Years Ago 10 Billion Years Ago 9 Billion Years Ago 8 Billion Years Ago 7 Billion Years Ago 6 Billion Years Ago 5 Billion Years Ago 4 Billion Years Ago 3 Billion Years Ago 2 Billion Years Ago 1 Billion Years Ago 1 Million Years Ago 5000 Thousand Years Ago 1000 Thousand Years Ago Today Threshold 1
Big Bang Threshold 2
Stars begin
to form Threshold 3
New Chemical
Elements Form Premordial Era After a nanosecond
passed after the Big Bang
matter is formed Universe Timeline After milliseconds
protons and neutrons
form When a second
is reached
electron finally
form Nanosecond Milliseconds Second After a thousand
years atoms
finally form Thousand Years Hydrogen and
Helium Forms The first stars
and galaxies form Stars begin to die
and as a result
heavier elements
begin to form Cycle continues
Stars die
Galaxies form
Stars born Formation of
planets Our Solar System
is finally created Buzz Aldrin (January 20, 1930 - ) Second human to set foot on the moon
after Neil Armstrong
Lunar Module Pilot in Apollo 11. Life on Earth Dutch Astronomer
Proposed a theory for Oort Cloud Yuri Gargarin (March 9th, 1934 - March 27th, 1968) Single Cell
organisms form Photosynthesis Multi-celled
organisms form
(Eukaryotes) Cambrian Time Brain developes Life Finally leaves
the sea and sets out
to land Dinosaurs Dinosaurs Extinct
due to asteroid
impact Humans apear First human to go to the outersurface when his Vostok Spacecraft completed an orbit of the earth.
Vostok 1 Moon does not shine on its own ;the light from the sun is reflected.
Sun is classified as as a type G2 yellow dwarf.
The Sun is the Solar System's star. Its inner core density is so high that it can sustain its nucleur fusion.
Earth orbits around the Sun
The moon is the Earth's satlite. It orbits around the Earth
sun provides light and heat for the Earth,letting organisms live. Early Spacecrafts Vostok 1 First human spaceflight in history.
Took Yuri Gargarin into space, which was the first time human going to space.
launched by Soviet Space Program on April 12th, 1961.
designed to carry single comonaut, a Russian astronaut. Sputnik 1 First articial satellite to be put into Earth's orbit
launched into elliptical low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union on October 4th, 1957.
first in the series of satellites known as Sputnick program. Qualifications to be an astronomer or astronaut Astronauts U.S. citizenship (for pilots and mission specialists)
Bachelor's degree
Three years of experience after obtaining the bachelor's dgree
More than 1000hours experience as pilot in command of jet aircraft (for pilots)
Passing a NASA physical examination
Height around 185 to 195cm. Astronomers Take many AP classes in science and math during high school years
Major in astronomy and earn Ph.D degree in the Univeristy Human Timeline 1643 Isaac Newton born 1600 1700 1800 1900 1500 1546 Tycho Brahe Born Made extremely accurate measurements of planetary positions 1571 Kepler born Created Kepler's 3 laws 1564 Galileo Galilei born
observed 4 moons, Saturns ring, and sunspots/ suns rotation 1930 Neil Armstrong born
First human to set foot on earth Buzz Aldrin born
Second human to set foot on earth Yuri Gargarian born
First human to go outerspace discovered gravitational force
established the three Universal Laws of Motion 1897 J.J. Thomson measures charge to mass ratio of electrodes 1889 Edwin Hubble born
Discovered universe is expanding 1934 THANK WATCHING

PRESENTATION!!! YOU FOR OUR https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ispv1AtGt4TA4jU7vSAce8plOqhcJ3M2FINQQs-3mJU/edit?hl=en Giovanni Cassini https://docs.google.com/document/d/1vWFGwu_y07GndgS38edqjsC10l7k2h_TuaskKyQKPac/edit?hl=en# Doo Won Kim https://docs.google.com/document/d/1WOKWfj9iZq9rZX3bdK62yqq0AXmup7Wje82Gy5yIvMY/edit?hl=en https://docs.google.com/document/d/1SzL0BrtpLWj7MK7HbUPwC1ULyPbLtnCDgxNoufOQvVA/edit?hl=en# The Essence of Our Universe Joon Lee Giovanni Cassini Oort Cloud https://docs.google.com/document/d/1mDwh0fM-taLmM6yyFLRbK1fFgjLLv95VTspVFYzfOl4/edit?hl=en Telescopes used in astronomy https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YJefP7WKCJCaspQaaZ-61NkcKXmLhAF6pnAFaSetSls/edit?hl=en Edwin Hubble Shape of the Universe https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Qmv1dQfqjZlLNRuhXfUOdHEwdpQMWxU15QH9NUfg5hs/edit?hl=en Life of Galileo Galilei David Cho https://docs.google.com/document/d/1m8ZniqY7qLcNmt-U5xSHweA0yf373D8eLGOXyC2DA4I/edit?hl=en Joon Kwon 1879 Albert Einstein
Discovered that E=mc^2
Proof that light is matter 200BC 100BC 300BC 280BC Aristarchus: first to believe that the sun is center of the Solar System 100AD Ptolemy
Ptolemaic Theory: Thought that the Earth was in the center of the Solar System 90AD Bibliography https://docs.google.com/document/d/12kWFYQtH2QCWN5aJ
ovg3l2KJ9GA-MGD7EI-lVkvVhc/edit?hl=en Stellar Parallax A way to find out how far away something is
Overall difference between two observers point of views Ernst Opik
Estonian Astronomer
Discovered Oort Cloud Gerard Kuiper
Discovered Kuiper Belt
Dutch-American astronomer Shooting stars
Bright trail left from meteors Region between Jupiter and Mars
Oribts sun 2 times. Awsome song telling us a lot about the Sun, Earth, and the Moon Song telling us about our Solar System.
This is hillarious because it's really not that good. https://docs.google.com/document/d/18kwzhR2ynkOKIu483daGM41pDIfmIWPpWx9TT5MXqt0/edit?hl=en&authkey=CJXT7pUL# Bibliography
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