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Evolution of Marijuana
Transcript of Evolution of Marijuana
Enactment of federal laws (Boggs Act, 1952; Narcotics Control Act, 1956) which set mandatory sentences for drug-related offenses, including marijuana. A first-offense marijuana possession carried a minimum sentence of 2-10 years with a fine of up to $20,000.
After the Mexican Revolution of 1910, a lot of Mexican immigrants came into the U.S., introducing to American culture the recreational use of marijuana. The drug became associated with the immigrants, and the fear and prejudice about the them became associated with marijuana. Anti-drug campaigners warned against the encroaching "Marijuana Menace," and terrible crimes were attributed to marijuana and the Mexicans who used it.
American History Period 7
By: Jean'Paul Philips
Marijuana Counter Culture
A changing political and cultural climate was reflected in more lenient attitudes towards marijuana. Use of the it became widespread in the white upper middle class. Reports commissioned by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson found that marijuana use did not induce violence nor lead to use of heavier drugs. Policy towards marijuana began to involve considerations of treatment as well as criminal penalties.
Evolution of Marijuana
American production of marijuana was encouraged by the government in the 17th century for the production of rope, sails, and clothing. (Marijuana is the mixture of dried, shredded flowers and leaves that comes from the hemp plant.)
In 1619 the Virginia Assembly passed legislation requiring every farmer to grow marijuana. Marijuana was allowed to be exchanged as legal tender in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland.
Domestic production grew until after the Civil War, when imports and other domestic materials replaced hemp for many purposes.
Start of Change
Congress repealed most of the mandatory penalties for drug-related offenses. It was widely acknowledged that the mandatory minimum sentences of the 1950s had done nothing to eliminate the drug culture that embraced marijuana use throughout the 60s, and that the minimum sentences imposed were often unduly harsh. The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act categorized marijuana separately from other narcotics and eliminated mandatory federal sentences for possession of small amounts. National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) founded.
The bipartisan Shafer Commission, appointed by President Nixon at the direction of Congress, considered laws regarding marijuana and determined that personal use of marijuana should be decriminalized. Nixon rejected the recommendation, but over the course of the 1970s, eleven states decriminalized marijuana and most others reduced their penalties.
High Times is a New York based monthly magazine founded in 1974 by Tom Forcade. The publication is devoted to, and advocates the legalization of marijuana. It is the largest marijuana related magazine in the world.
Parents Taking a Stand
A nationwide movement emerged of conservative parents' groups wanting stricter regulation of marijuana and the prevention of teenagers using drugs. Some of these groups became strong and, with the support of the DEA and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), were affective toward public attitudes which led to the 1980s War on Drugs.
The War on Drugs
President Reagan signed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act, instituting mandatory sentences for drug-related crimes. In conjunction with the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984, the new law raised federal penalties for marijuana possession and dealing, basing the penalties on the amount of the drug involved. Possession of 100 marijuana plants received the same penalty as possession of 100 grams of heroin. A later amendment to the Anti-Drug Abuse Act established a "three strikes and you're out" policy, requiring life sentences for repeat drug offenders, and providing for the death penalty for "drug kingpins." President George Bush declares a new War on Drugs in a nationally televised speech.
The First Legalization
California voters passed Proposition 215 allowing for the sale and medical use of marijuana for patients with AIDS, cancer, and other diseases. This law stands in tension with federal laws prohibiting possession of marijuana.
Information About Marijuana
THC and CBD, marijuana's primary cannabinoids, are both cancer killers.
Marijuana triggers neurogenesis which means it help with brain cell growth.
Suicide rates are lower in areas where medical marijuana is available.
There is zero evidence that marijuana causes significant lung damage.
By most measures, it takes 800 joints in one sitting to kill a person but the person would die from the carbon monoxide not marijuana.
There are almost 2,000 slang terms for marijuana in the United States.
One acre of marijuana can produce the same amount of paper as at least 4 acres of trees.