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Nikolai Nikolaevic Semenov

Chem 1 H - Foster 3

Patricia Chang

on 3 March 2013

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Transcript of Nikolai Nikolaevic Semenov

Nikolai Nikolaevic Semenov: Russian/Soviet Physicist & Chemist Parents Mother: Elena Dmitrieva
Father: Nikolai Alex Semyonov (15 Apr. 1896 - 25 Sept. 1986) Personal Life 1st Wife: Maria Boreishe Liverovsky
Died 2 years after marriage
2nd Wife: Natalya Nikolaevna Semenova
Had 2 children, Yuri & Lyudmila Childhood Education Lived in middle class family Born in: Saratov, Russia Moved to Samara, Russia (White Army) Graduated from Petrograd University
(Dept. of Physics) Enlisted in White Army (under Kolchak) during Russian Civil War Returned to Petrograd & became Vice-Director of Physics-Tech Institute Timeline of Work Discovered a way to measure the magnetic field of atomic nucleus (with Pyotr Kapitsa) 1922 1927 Studied kinetics of condensation & absorption of vapors (with Yakor Frenkel) Experimented with ionization of gases; published book "Chemistry of the Electron" 1925 Created theory of thermal disruptive discharge of dielectrics (with Vladimir Fock) 1928 Published book, "Chemical Kinetics and Chain Reactions" 1934 Published book, "Some Problems of Chemical Kinetics and Reactivity" 1954 Contribution to Chemistry Known for mechanism of chemical transformation - analysis of the application of the chain theory to varied reactions (spec. combustion) Proposed the theory of degenerate branching First Soviet citizen to win Nobel Prize Death
Died of natural causes Sir Cyril Hinshelwood won Nobel Prize in the same year for independent research
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