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Copy of Dictionary Skills

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Christine Dahnke

on 27 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Dictionary Skills

Dictionary Skills
1. What is a dictionary?
2. Have you ever used a dictionary?
3. What did you use it for?
4. What can you learn from a dictionary?
Partner Share
Dictionaries are books
that
list all the words
in a language.
Dictionaries can be used for many things.
1. Look up the definition or meaning
of an English word you see or hear.
2. Find the English
translation
of a word in your language.
3. Check the
spelling
of a word.
4. Check the
plural
of a noun or
past tense
of a verb.
5. Find out the
part of speech
(noun, verb, adjective).
6. Find the
synonym or antonym
of a word.
7. Find out how to
pronounce
a word.
8. Find examples of
how to use
a word in natural language.
There are
two types
of dictionaries
that we will study today
English Dictionary
Bilingual Dictionary
How
are both
English and Bilingual
dictionaries
organized
?
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Race Time!
You may choose to work individually or with a partner.

Start with list A
Alphabatize the words

When you are finished with list A, move on to list B
Put these words in alphabetical order

If you finish with list B, move to list C,
and alphabatize this final list.

You will have
five
minutes to complete this task.
When you are finished
silently stand up.

Who can restate the rules of the race?
Any questions?
Are you ready to play?
On your mark ... get set...
List A
scientists
mammal
behavior
physical
strange
To make dictionaries easier to use, the words are organized in
alphabetical
order. So to use a dictionary easily, you must know how to
alphabetize
words.
Now that we reviewed how to alphabetize words, let's learn something new.

Take out your
guided
notes page.
Since there are so many words in a dictionary,
guide words
are used to help you locate a word quickly.

Guide words
are also called
cue words
or
head
words.

What are guide words?
Guide words are
found at the top
of each page.
They tell you the
first and last word
that is found on that page.
Let's practice together first.
Then you will be put to the test.
http://www.quia.com/rr/45806.html
Instead of
looking at each word on a page,
which could take forever,
you
just look at
the guide words.

Then use what you know about alphabetizing words
to decide if your word would be found on that page.
How do guide words help you find a word quickly?
Let’s pretend we are looking up the word,
scientist
.
First we would turn to the
S
section.
(Between which two letter do we find s alphabetically?)

Look at the guide words


Let’s pratice
Which one of these pages
would contain the word scientist?

Or page
158
with the guide words-
salutatorian - scarcity
Page
159
with the guide words-
scare - seam
Grammar Mini Lesson: Review
Noun
Verb
Examples
Parts of Speech
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Definition
Adjective
Abbreviation
n
v
adj
Very often when you look up a new English word,
you find that it has more than one meaning
or
multiple meanings
.

If you are not sure which one is correct, here’s what you can do:

First,
read the sentence

that contains the words. The sentence

before
and the sentence
after.

Second,
highlight or circle any
context clues
that might lead you to understand the word.

Third,
reach for your dictionary,
look up the word
and check through
all the meanings and translations
and find the one that
makes most sense
in the context where you found the word.

Fourth, analyze the
part of speech
in context and
match the definition
with the part of speech.

Finally,
put the synonym you select back in the sentence
and re-read the paragraph to ensure it makes sense.
Multiple Meaning Words
Mouse
Get
Stand
translate meaning rather than individual words
Cross checking or back translation
Is this translation equivalent the best choise for the meaning required?
French – Embrasser (je t’embrasse)
English – 1. embrase 2. hug 3. kiss 4. include

Only by checking ‘backwards’ looking up the entry for kiss can we discover that some of the English words may have a more restricted meaning and may not be appropriate
This means that you look up the English translations one by one in a monolingual dictionary. If a word has a definition that matches the word in your language, you are safe to use it.
When should I use a dictionary?
In Class
On a Test
get up, get on, get over
If you look up every new word you see or hear, you will spend your whole day with the dictionary in your hand. That’s no good!

You have to be clever and choose the right words to check and the right time to do it.

Try to follow the advice below and you will become a much more efficient language learner:

When you find a new word while reading,
finish the sentence (better: the paragraph
). If you haven’t guessed the meaning and it still seems important, then you can look it up.
Look at this paragraph.

Individually choose
just five words
that you want to look up.
Before you reach for the dictionary,
study the
context clues!
Find a partner and
compare
your lists.
Revise
your ‘shortlists’ in pairs.

I
f one student thinks they know a word
on their partner’s list
(through having worked it out
from context, for example)
they can
explain it
to them
and delete
that word from their list.

You have to agree on your
five
words.
Now get into a
group of four.
Compare lists
Create a
final list of five
words to look up.
Why should I use a dictionary?
It is an extra teacher.
It helps us to become independent learners and develop learner autonomy.
It is a testing accommodation for you as an English Language Learner.
Let's Review

Who should use a dictionary?
How are dictionaries organized?
What can I use to help me to look up words quickly?
What do I have to be careful of when I am looking up words?
What words should I look up in the dictionary?
Let's take a look at some examples:
To town and country Winter comes alike, but to each he comes in different
fashion.
To the villager, he stretches a bold frosty hand; to the townsman, a clammy one.

1. Read the sentence before and after

2. Circle context clues

3. Look up the word, check ALL meanings

4. Analyze part of speech

5. Replace the word in the sentence
List B
perplex
beak
Blight
platypus
physical
List C
enigma
echidna
exploring
enigmatic
every
Tips on effectively utilizing the dictionary

Step 1:
Review the
text features
(scan the article, look up words in the text features that you do not know)

Step 2:
Make a
prediction
about the passage you will read

Step 3:

Read through the entire passage once.
Highlight or circle any words that confuse you that you might want to look up later. DO NOT STOP reading to look up a word. Finish reading the whole passage one time.

Step 4:
Stop and think again: What is this passage about?

Step 5: Go back and read the passage again.
This time, stop and look up words you need to understand each paragraph. Write down the translation above the words and re-read the sentence. Write a quick note every couple paragraphs to help you remember what you read (this is the WIN or gist strategy your teacher has been talking about)

Step 6: Read the entire passage one last time
and then begin to answer the questions

If you are not 100% sure of an answer, go back to the passage and find proof.
At home
You
MUST
use your dictionary when you are taking a test and …

1. there is a word in the
title
you are unsure of
2. there is a word in a
subtitle
you are unsure of
3. there is a word in the
caption
you are unsure of
4. there is a word in
bold or italicized or underlined
that you are unsure of
5. there is a word in the
question stem or answer
you do not understand
You CAN use your dictionary when you are taking a test and …
1. there is a
noun
you are unsure of
2. there is a
verb
you are unsure of
3. there is an
adjective
you are unsure of
4. there is an
adverb
you are unsure of
When do you recommend that I use the dictionary?
Full transcript