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Migraines and Headaches

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Maddie Pyle

on 29 January 2015

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Transcript of Migraines and Headaches

Migraines and Headaches
People affected:
-Nearly 1 in 4 households include someone with migraines.
-Estimated 90% of the population suffer from migraines: 3 out of 4 are women
-29 million Americans have headaches in general.
-all ages can get them;more adults; no specific ethnic group
Genetics
-Tends to run in families
-If one parent has migraines, child has 40% chance
-If both parents have migraines, child has 90% chance
Migraines and Headaches
Maddie Pyle
1/27/15
Period 6
History
-One of the oldest disorders known to man. Cases are recorded as far back as 1200 B.C.
Types and Forms
Most common types: tension or chronic headaches (caused by muscle contraction), cluster headaches (least common, most severe), sinus headaches, acute headaches (children), and hormone headaches.
Primary muscles involved:
Temporalis, massetter, pterygoids(medial and lateral), digastrics, occipital, trapezius, and sterno cleido mastoid.
Causes
Not a proven cause; common theory is different triggers cause abnormal brain activity, which causes increased blood flow to the the brain, causing a headache.
Symptoms:
Varies; Most common are nausea/ vomiting, loss of apetite, stomach and abdominal pain. Children will also look pale, feel dizzy, have blurred vision, fever. Biggest difference between headache and migraine: sensitivity to light and sound.
TMJ
Not an official form; the irritation and inflammation of the temporomandibular joint activates the trigeminal nucleus which leads to a headache.
Tests/Diagnoses
Not truly tests; however, other things are eliminated with MRI's, ect. to assure the patient and to rule out other possibilities.
Lifestyle effects
-More than 157 million work and school days are lost each year due to pain from a migraine.
-smoking, stressful lifestyles, stressful jobs can all cause migraines and headaches.
Treatment
Pain relievers, medicines, or different types of therapy can help/slow down. Nothing has been known to completely cure.
Ways to prevent
Take things easy, get more sleep, try not to smoke, better diet.
Full transcript