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Fitness Components Of Soccer

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Jade Richardson

on 15 June 2015

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Transcript of Fitness Components Of Soccer

SOCCER
Two Skill Related Components of Fitness Required for Soccer
Three of the many skill-related components of fitness required for soccer are
agility
,
speed
and
reaction time
.

Agility
is the ability to change body positioning or direction; you need agility when trying to weave through players and to be able to change direction very quickly, a good soccer player should be able to explosively brake or change direction when the opposition is closing you down or when dribbling.

You need
speed
to be able to accelerate towards the ball and when dribbling going at maximum pace, in soccer you need to try and cover as much ground as possible and if you don’t have speed the opposition will be able to stop you from covering ground.

Reaction time
is crucial to soccer because the ball is moving quickly and there are lots of players in one space. If you don’t react quickly enough to a ball coming your way your opposition might get it. If your opposition player quickly changes direction and speed and you don’t react quick enough they could be running down the field attempting to score in a flash but if you do have good reaction time you will be able to quickly close down the player and stop them from moving the field.
Two of the many health-related components of fitness required for soccer are
cardiovascular endurance
and
muscular strength
.

Soccer players require
cardiovascular endurance
because in a soccer game players are running constantly for 45 minutes a half, either to run back to defense, race into spaces and passing lines, dribble with the ball and to support attacking plays.

Players also need
muscular strength
in their lower and upper body. They need the upper body strength for throw-ins, blocking off opponents and defending the ball. They most importantly need muscular strength in their legs for powerful kicks, jumping for headers, tackling the opposition and to have powerful, explosive turns.
How Would My Multi-Stage Fitness Test Help Me When Participating In Soccer
Fitness Tests
The fitness tests that would be relevant to the health and skill-related fitness components outlines in my previous slide are the
Agility Course, 30m Sprint, Ruler Drop, Multi-stage Fitness Test and the Vertical Jump.
Fitness Components Of Soccer
For my assessment I have chosen the sport soccer!
Two Health Related Components of Fitness Required for Soccer
Agility Course
The Agility Course would be relevant to the skill-related fitness component, agility. The agility course makes you run up and down, run in and out of the cones and make sharp turns, the faster your time the more agile you are and to test if the player can make sharp turns easily and weave through the cones quickly. The agility course is much more useful than the 30 metre sprint when testing agility because it doesn’t just test the speed of the person doing the test but if they can change direction quickly and accelerate and decelerate when needed.
30 Metre Sprint
The 30 Metre Sprint would be relevant to the skill-related component, speed. The 30-metre sprint tests speed on a short distance to see if the person can accelerate suddenly and if they are fast at sprinting. Running at maximum speed, acceleration and sprinting is vital to soccer players and this test would show how good the players are at it.
Ruler Drop
The Ruler Drop would be relevant to the skill-related component, reaction time. The ruler drop tests how long it takes you to grab ruler. The better your reaction time the lower your hand will be down the rule. Reacting to your opposition running towards you and being able to quickly change direction if your opposition changes direction is vital in soccer and this test will show you if your reaction time needs improvement or not.
The Multi-Stage Fitness Test would be relevant to the health-related fitness component, cardiovascular endurance. In this test you continuously run back and forth over 20 metres gradually getting faster, this test shows how long the player can endure (how good their cardiovascular endurance is). Soccer players need to be able to maintain a high intensity throughout the 90-minute game and although the Multi-stage fitness test doesn’t go on for 90 minutes it shows how long players can continuously run.
Multi-Stage Fitness Test
The Vertical Jump would be relevant to the health-related fitness component, muscular strength. In the vertical jump you jump as high as you can, this is measured. The vertical jump tests the strength and power in your legs. Explosive starts, powerful kicks and to jump for headers is vital to soccer players and they all use the muscles in players legs and this test shows how strong the muscles in players lower body is.
The Vertical Jump
In my multi-stage fitness test I achieved a score of 11.7, for my age this is a very good score showing that I have excellent cardiovascular endurance. This would help me when participating in soccer because in soccer you are working continuously at a maximum standard, on and off the ball for 90 minutes. Having a high level of cardiovascular endurance means I can play effectively and well and I can run over long and short distances quickly. Also since I have a high level of cardiovascular endurance I will delay fatigue, (fatigue is extreme tiredness caused by physical exertion) fatigue can affect concentration levels, balance, speed and control of the ball this meaning players cannot fulfil duties and roles of their position and that is the last thing a player needs in soccer.
Agility Photos
Speed Photos
Reaction Time Photos
Cardiovascular Endurance Photos
Muscular Strength Photos
My Fitness Test
Game Name:
Hit The Target
Equipment needed: 2 soccer balls, target and two helpers.
How to do it? The 2 helpers are standing in front of the person doing the fitness test, one on each side with a ball in their hands. One of the helpers will throw the ball at the person; the person does not know which helper is going to throw the ball. They either says “right foot” or “left foot” or “header” and the person have to hit the ball using the body part the helper shouted. Once the ball is thrown the player has to try and kick or header the ball and hit the target, which is in front of them. This activity requires muscular strength and reaction time. This game is made to help me improve muscular strength in my legs and how fast I can react to instructions and ques. It also helps me with my aim and hand-eye coordination.

Bibliography
BBC (n.d) Performance Fitness Requirement For Football http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/higher/pe/preparation_of_body/performance_fitness/revision/4/ (Accessed 05/06/2015)

Coaches Colleague (2009) Cardio-Vascular Endurance for Football Fitness http://www.coachescolleague.com/fitness/cardio-vascular-endurance (Accessed 09/06/2015)

Coaches Colleague (2009) Muscle Strength and Endurance as part of Football Fitness http://www.coachescolleague.com/fitness/muscle-strength-and-endurance (Accessed 07/06/2015)

Sports Fitness Advisor (n.d) Soccer Strength Training http://www.sport-fitness-advisor.com/soccer-strength-training.html (Accessed 08/06/2015)

Tanya Brown (n.d) Soccer Endurance Exercises http://healthyliving.azcentral.com/soccer-endurance-exercises-7431.html (Accessed 21/06/2015)

Teach PE (n.d) Soccer Agility http://www.teachpe.com/soccer_football/agility/introduction.php (Accessed 02/06/2015)

Top End Sports (2008) Fitness Tests For Football http://www.topendsports.com/sport/soccer/testing.htm (Accessed 01/06/2015)
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