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Breeds of Livestock

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Amanda Keller

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Breeds of Livestock

By: Amanda Keller
Breeds of Livestock
Beef Cattle
Angus are the most common breed used in the beef cattle industry.
They were developed from cattle native to the counties of Aberdeenshire and Angus in Scotland.
They are known as Aberdeen Angus in most parts of the world.
1. They were originally from Herefordshire, England.
2. More than five million pedigree Hereford cattle now exist in over 50 countries.
3. They have proven to thrive in much harsher climates on nearly every continent.
1. Brahman or Brahma is a breed of Zebu cattle that was first bred in America
2. Brahman cattle were produced by cross-breeding Kankrej, Gujarat, Nelore, and the Gir strains.
3. It has been used to develop numerous other U.S. beef breeds including Brangus, Beefmaster, Simbrah and Santa Gertrudis.
1. The Shorthorn breed of cattle originated in the North East of England in the late 18th century.
2. They were developed as dual purpose, suitable for both dairy and beef production.
3. All Shorthorn cattle are colored red, white or roan.
1. The Chianina is an Italian breed of cattle.
2. It is the largest and one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world.
3. The Chianina has become a world breed, raised almost exclusively for its high quality meat.
1. The Charolais originated in Charolais, around Charolles, in France.
2. They are raised for their meat and are known for their composite qualities when crossed with other breeds.
3. The breed tends to be large muscled.
1. Limousin cattle are a breed of highly muscled beef cattle originating from the Limousin and Marche regions of France.
2. Limousins were first exported from France in significant numbers in the 1960s and are now present in about 70 countries.
3. They are naturally horned and have a distinctive lighter wheat to darker golden-red coloring.
1. Simmental cattle are a versatile breed of cattle that come from the valley of the Simme River.
2. The Simmental breed has contributed to the creation of several other famous European breeds.
3. They are particularly renowned for the rapid growth of their young.
1. The Beefmaster is a breed of beef cattle that was developed in the early 1930's by Tom Lasater.
2. Lasater made the breed by crossing Hereford cows and Shorthorn cows with Brahman bulls.
3. Most are red to light red, with white mottled spots
1. The Main-Anjou is a breed of cattle originating in the Anjou region in West France.
2. It was created by Viscount Olivier de Rougé in 1908 in Chenillé-Changé.
3. Maine-Anjou are red and white (sometimes black or roan) and have horns.
Dairy Cattle
1. The Holstein is a breed of cattle known today as the world's highest-production dairy animals.
2. It is black and white due to artificial selection by the breeders.
3. In Europe, the breed is used for milk in the north, and meat in the south.
1. The Ayrshire is a breed of dairy cattle originating from Ayrshire in south west Scotland.
2. The average mature Ayrshire cow weighs 990–1,300 lb.
3. Ayrshires typically have red and white markings.
Brown Swiss
1. Brown Swiss is a breed of dairy cattle that produces the second largest quantity of milk.
2. The Brown Swiss is known for a long gestation period, huge size, large furry ears, and an extremely docile temperament.
3. The Brown Swiss originated on the slopes of the Alps in Switzerland.
1. Jersey cattle are a small breed of dairy cattle originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey.
2. The breed is popular for the high butterfat content in its milk.
3. Jerseys are adaptable to hot climates and are bred in the hottest parts of Brazil.
1. The Guernsey was bred on the British Channel Island of Guernsey
2. It is believed to be descended from two breeds; the Isigny and the Froment du Léon
3. It is fawn in color with white markings.
1. The Yorkshire breed was developed in Yorkshire, England.
2. The first Yorkshires were imported to the United States.
3. Yorkshire pigs are found in nearly every American state.
1. The Hampshire pig is a swine breed characterized by erect ears and a black body with a whitish band around the middle, covering the front legs.
2. It is the most recorded breed of pigs in the United States.
3. Hampshire hogs are noted for being well-muscled and rapid growers
1. The American Landrace is white in color with long bodies, fine hair, long snouts, and heavy, drooping ears.
2. It derives from the Danish Landrace.
3. The American Landrace is a medium to large breed.
1. Duroc pigs are red, large-framed, medium length, and muscular, with partially drooping ears, and tend to be one of the least aggressive of all the swine breeds.
2. They also have an excellent rate of gain.
3. The breed originated in America.
Poland China
1. The Poland China was first bred in the Miami Valley, Ohio, United States.
2. They derive from many breeds including the Berkshire and Hampshire.
3. It is the oldest American breed of swine.
1. Suffolks were originally developed in England.
2. They are a result of crossing Southdown rams on Norfolk Horned ewes.
3. They are mainly raised for wool and meat production.
1. The Rambouillet is a breed of sheep also known as the Rambouillet Merino or the French Merino.
2. The breed is well known for its wool.
3. The development of the Rambouillet breed started in 1786.
1. They are often called the Lincoln Longwool.
2. The Lincoln is the largest British sheep.
3. They were developed specifically to produce the heaviest, longest and most lustrous fleece of any breed in the world.
1. The Boer goat is a breed of goat that was developed in South Africa.
2. Their name is derived from the Dutch word "boer", meaning farmer.
3. Boer goats commonly have white bodies and distinctive brown heads.
1. Angora goats produce the lustrous fibre known as mohair.
2. The first Angora goats were brought to Europe by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
3. Angora goats produce white, black, red, and brownish fibers.
French Alpine
1. The French Alpine is a breed of domestic goat known for its very good milking ability.
2. Alpine goats can range from white or gray to brown and black.
3. The French-alpine is also referred to as the Alpine Dairy.
1. The Californian breed was developed in the early 1920s by George West in Southern California.
2. The Californian breed of domestic rabbit was developed in the early 1920s by George West in Southern California.
3. The Californian rabbit is the second most popular meat-producing breed in the world.
New Zealand White
New Zealand White
1. The New Zealand White rabbit is a breed of which despite the name, are American.
2. New Zealand white rabbits have a genetic deviation called albinism that makes them white.
3. New Zealand Whites have well-rounded bodies; slender and muscular faces with round cheeks; large, long back feet; and small, short front pectoral muscles
White Leghorn
1. The White Leghorn is a breed of chicken originating in Tuscany.
2. They were initially called "Italians".
3. White Leghorns are commonly used as layer chickens in many countries of the world.
White Pekin
1. The White Pekin is a breed of domesticated duck used mostly for egg and meat production.
2. It was bred from the Mallard in China.
3. It is the most popular commercial duck breed in the United States.
Broad Breasted White
1. The Broad Breasted White is the most widely used breed of domesticated turkey.
2. They have shorter breast bones and larger breasts.
3. They produce more breast meat and their pin feathers are less visible when the carcass is dressed due to their white color.
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