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Social Concerns of the 1980s

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on 1 May 2015

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Transcript of Social Concerns of the 1980s

Social Concerns of the 1980s
By: Taylor Mendiola
The Equal Rights Struggle
Health, Education and Cities in Crisis
Main Idea
Beneath the surge of prosperity that marked the conservative era of the 1980s lay serious social problems.
Why it Matters Now
Issues involving health care, education, civil rights, and equal rights for women continue to challenge American society.
Terms and Names
AIDS (aquired immune deficiency syndrome)
- disease caused by a virus that destroys the immune system so that the body is prone to infections and rare cancers.
pay equity
- the basing of an employee's salary on the requirements of his or her job rather than on the traditional pay scales that have frequently provided women with smaller incomes than men.
L. Douglas Wilder
- America's first African American governor.
Jesse Jackson
- reverend who ran for Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988.
Lauro Cavazos
- secretary of education
Antonia Coello Novello
-the post of surgeon general
Health Issues
Most troubling issue of the 1980s was the spread of AIDS
the early victims of AIDS were homosexual men or intravenous drug users who shared needles.
Many others contracted it from contaminated blood infusions
Babies were born with it if their mothers had AIDS and were not treated
Abortion
After
Roe vs. Wade
abortion had been legalized as privacy during the first trimester of pregnancy
Opponents claimed that life began at conception and believed that it was illegal for women to kill a person (pro-life)
Proponents described themselves are pro-choice
July 1989, the Supreme Court ruled in
Webster vs. Reproductive Health Care Services
, that the states had the right to impose their own rules on abortion
Drug Abuse
people argued that drugs should be legalized to reduce the power of gangs who sold them
The Reagan administration launched a war on drugs and supported movements that prosecuted drug dealers
"Just say No!"
Education
1983, "Nation At Risk" , a report made by a federal corporation, revealed that American students were behind students in other nations and that 23 million Americans were unable to follow an instruction manual or fill out paper work
the commission recommended longer school days, more emphasis on general subjects and more homework in order to improve their education
1991, President Bush announced "American 2000" which he argued to make it a choice of the parents on what kind of education that their children would receive
The Urban Crisis
the USA had become full of suburbs and most white Americans were able to move to new homes with big lawns, shopping malls and better schools outside cities
poor people and racial minorities were left in cities with high unemployment rates, crumbling buildings, broken down schools, insufficient funding for sanitation and health services along with other growing social problems
1992, thousands of people were homeless and cities were divided
1992 in LA, four white police officers beat up an African-American man named Rodney King who had been fleeing by speeding in a car
In the case against the cops, they were found not guilty and riots occurred for five days after the verdict was announced
Political Losses and Gains
During the early 1980s, women's rights activists worked to ratify the ERA
it was passed in 1972 but not approved by 3/4 of the states but only received 35/38 of the needed votes
More women began to run for office
November 1992, the number of women in the House of Representatives went from 23 to 47
President Reagan also named two women to his cabinet, Elizabeth Dole (as secretary of health) and Margaret Heckler( as secretary of health and human services)
Inequality
57.8% of the nation's women were part of the work force in 1992
Women only earned 75 cents per every dollar that a man earned
pay equity was hoped to close the income gap
women also fought for improvements in the workplace
government and corporate beneift packages began to include maternity leaves, flexible hours and work-at-home arrangements.
Reagan administration cut the budget for daycare
The Fight for Rights Continues
African Americans
African Americans gained political status during the 80s
many governed cities and had been elected to serve as sheriff, school board members, state legislators, and members of Congress
middle class African Americans ofter held managerial positions
1989, the Supreme Court hand down a series of decisions that continued to change the nation's course on civil rights
Richmond vs. J.A.Croson Company; the Court further limited the scope of affirmative action, policies that were designed to correct the effects of discrimination in the employment or education of minority groups
Gains for Latinos
Latinos became the fastest growing minority during the 80s
by 1990 they were almost 9% of the population
About 2/3 of the Latino population were Mexican Americans who mostly lived in Southern California
Many Latinos supported bilingual education because they feared that they would loose their culture along with their language
The Bilingual Act of 1968 and the 1975 amendment to the Voting Rights Act allowed Spanish speakers to attend school and vote in their own language
Critics feared that it would slow down rate at which a Spanish-speaking person would Americanize themselves and that the nation would be split in two (English speakers vs. Spanish speakers
Native Americans Speak Out
Native Americans we self-conscious of their dignity and more demanding of their rights
1970s; they organized schools to teach young Native Americans about their past
1980s; the Reagan administration cut aid to Native Americans for health, education and other services.
Native Americans opened casinos in order to fund their own programs, which was proven to be successful
An Expanding Asian-American Population
By 1992, there were about 3.2 million Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders
Asian Americans constituted 3.25% of the population
unemployment and poverty rates were high among them
The Gay Rights Movement Advances
During the 70s and 80s gay men and lesbians began to fight for civil rights
suffered a setback in the 80s due to AIDS
by the 90s gay activism gained back its support and strength
Direct action groups called for an end to anti-gay discrimination
by 1993, seven states and 110 communities had outlawed such discrimination
Full transcript