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Computing and the Law

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Mr Douglas

on 9 March 2016

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Transcript of Computing and the Law

Computing and the Law
National 4/5

There are four laws you need to know about
Data Protection Act
Computer Misuse Act
Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
Communications Act
Data Protection Act
Companies, governments and all kinds of organisations store information about people on computers. The Data Protection Act has been set up to protect people from this data being misused.
Computer Misuse Act
Introduced to protect against criminals who perform destructive actions and invasions of privacy on computer systems

The main activites covered by the act are...
It is estamated that the film & music industry lose billions of pounds each year because of this type piracy.
Requirements of the Data Protection Act
• obtain and process the information fairly and lawfully
• register the purposes for which they hold it
• keep information no longer than necessary
• hold only accurate and up to date information
• give individuals access to information about themselves (with exception of the police, tax office etc.
• take appropriate security measures to keep the data secure

Data subject
The people about whom the information is being held about.

Data user
The person who will be using the data subject's data.

Data controller
The person that is responsible for holding and storing the data.
Computer Misuse Act
It is illegal to create, store or send computer viruses that could perform harm to computer systems.
Computer Misuse Act
It is illegal to hack into a computer system to gain private or confidential information
Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
With the increasing use of computers, material can be copied very easily. Increasing use of the internet for downloading films and music has lead to huge increase in copyright infringement.
Makes it illegal to copy music, films, images, games etc. that are stored on a computer.
The rise of file sharing websites and peer-to-peer file sharing services, like BitTorrent have made it very easy to store and transfer unlawful copies of files over the internet.
Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
Communications Act
Covers the improper use of public electronic communications such as the Internet or mobile phone networks.
Under this Act, it is an illegal offence to send messages or other material that is offensive, threatening or indecent

'Cyberbulling' which involes the use of technology to harass or threaten others is covered by the Communications Act

Act also makes it illegal to use other neighbours’/companies’ internet access without their permission.
Mr Douglas
Graeme High School
Full transcript