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The Constitution: Beginnings
Transcript of The Constitution: Beginnings
Problems With the Articles of Confederation
The American delegates all agreed that the Articles of Confederation were a
good first try
for their government, but that it had some problems.
1. How many
the Large and Small states should have
should be set up
almost broke up the conference!!
They decided to take off the 4th of July to celebrate
During this time, they worked out a "
means finding a happy medium between what two groups want
The Great Compromise called for a
What is the Constitution?
The Constitution is the
of the land.
sets up the government
protects the basic rights
The Constitution was written
the American War of Independence.
Representation in Congress Disagreement
Came up with a plan that was called the
Wanted the law-making body to be called
Wanted Congress to be
, which means it has
would be elected by the people
would be elected by the first house
The number of Congressmen would be decided by the
of the state
The larger states liked this plan because they had LARGE populations and would
get to control the government
House of Representatives
1st house is called the
House of Representatives
by the people
They elect them for a
the number of representatives is
based on population
(this made the larger states happy!)
They came up with a plan called the
New Jersey plan
They said that Congress should be
, meaning it would have only 1 house
Each state would have the
of representatives, no matter how many people lived in the state
This would mean that the small states would be
to the larger states
The 2nd house was called the
Senators are elected by their
Each state has
This made the small states happy
The Constitutional Convention was a
meeting called in 1787 to talk about problems with the current government document, the Articles of Confederation.
Delegates met over 5 months to create a new form of government
The result was a new form of government, the Constitution.
George Washington led the Convention, and James Madison took detailed notes.
Once the Constitution was approved at the Convention, it still had to be ratified by a certain number of states.
Painting of the Convention
Representation in Congress Disagreement part 2
Which plan do
agree with: The Virginia Plan, or the New Jersey Plan? Why??
The "Great Compromise" was a success! The large and small states both got what they wanted!!! YAY!