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Southwest Region

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by

Ophelia Chui

on 29 August 2014

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Transcript of Southwest Region

They used many different weapons and tools
Tools and Weapons
Shelter
$11.27
August 27, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Climate Change Hotspot
Environment
References
The climate is relatively hot with predominately dry lands.
The climate fluctuates and transitions, causing wet and dry periods.
Along with extreme droughts, the amount of precipitation changes. This causes:
Wildfires
Flash floods
There are the Chihuahuan, Sonoran, and Mojave Deserts in the Southwest region.
They are considered "hot" deserts because of their high temperatures during the long summer and subtropical plant communities.

The Indians of the Southwest
-Due to the dry climate and rash monsoons, many tribes were unable to farm successfully.
-If they did farm, they grew
maize
,
squash
,
pumpkins
, and
beans
. Instead, most tribes were gatherers.

-They gathered
Pinon

Nuts
,
cacti
like
saguaro
,
prickly

pear
, and
cholla
,
century

plant
,
screwbeans
,
mesquite

beans
,
agaves
or
mescals
,
insects
(
EWW
!!!)
,
acorns
,
berries
, and
seeds
.

-The people of this region hunted :
-rabbits
-small

birds
-wild

turkey
Food
"North American Deserts and World Deserts." North American Deserts. DesertUSA: Southwest Adventure, Living & Travel, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

"Ecosystems & Landscapes." Learning Center of the American Southwest. Learning Center of the American Southwest, 29 May 2012. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

"Native American Houses." Native American Homes: Wigwams, Longhouses, Tepees, Lodges, and Other American Indian Houses. Native Languages of the Americas Website, 1998-2014. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

"Loloma (Hello) - The Hopi Tribe." The Hopi Tribe Loloma Hello Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Aug. 2014.

Ansary, Mir Tamim. Southwest Indians. Des Plaines, IL: Heinemann Library, 2000. Beacon Learning Center. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www.beaconlearningcenter.com/Documents/2973_3699.pdf>.

"Hopi Indian Fact Sheet." Facts for Kids: Hopi Indians (Hopis). N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2014. <http://www.bigorrin.org/hopi_kids.htm>.

"Native American Weapons." Native American Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/native-indian-weapons-tools/native-american-weapons.htm>.

"Foods of the Southwest." American Indian Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www.aihd.ku.edu/foods/southwest.html>.
They used bows and arrows, spears, tomahawks, axes, blowguns and slingshots
Spindles and looms for weaving cotton and pump drills for beads
They used flint for most weapons
Weapons were split into 5 categories :
cutting
striking
throwing
piercing
defensive

Adobe Houses
Brush Shelter
Beliefs
The Navajo

There were two main forms of belief in the Southwest, Shamanism and Amanism.
Shamans were men and women who had received a certain level of knowledge regarding physiological or spiritual health. They managed a person's maintenance, recovery, and and destruction.
Animists believed that the world was full of living entities. Some spirits included the spirit of
rain
, the
sun
, the
wind
, the
moon
,

topographic
features such as
mountains
and
cliffs
,
thunder
, and
plants
.
Like many other Indians, the pueblos had a lot of folklore. Two popular stories are
The Medicine Man
and
The Child of Water
and the
Little Blue Rock
.
The Hopi were Amanists. They believed in Spirits called kachinas.
The Navajo lived mainly as nomads. They traveled in groups hunting and gathering food. They built shelters called
hogans
.
The Navajo believed in gods called the Holy people. Some gods such as the
Earth Mother
were kind, where as others like the
sun god
could burn crops.
The Navajo had very specific
healing ceremonies
. They would draw a symbol on the ground using colored sand. Then the sick person was to lay down on the symbol. Sometimes songs were sung and chants were chanted. (IDK???)
The Navajo were also excellent weavers. After learning how to use cotton from the Hopi, the Navajo people learned to make thread for weaving out of cotton.
This is a weaving machine that is still true to the style the southwest Indians made it.
Red Desert Sands
Navajo Tribe
Adobe houses
, or
pueblos
, were used by the Pueblo Indians.
Made of adobe (clay) or large stones.
These houses were built on the sides of
mesas
, or steep cliffs.
They didn't have entrances on the 1st floor. Instead, ladders lead people to the second floor. In case of an attack, people pulled up their ladders. That way no one could enter.
Brush shelters
are temporary accommodations used by many Indian tribes. The southwest migratory Apache tribe, for example, built brush shelters as homes on a regular basis.

Kachina Dancers
Indian Hunters
Food
By: DeVon DuPree, Ophelia Chui Anvi Gulrajani, and Maxine Lui
FUN FACT: IN THE NAVAJO LANGUAGE, NAVAJO MEANS PEOPLE
Full transcript