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Transcript of Southwest Region
Tools and Weapons
August 27, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Climate Change Hotspot
The climate is relatively hot with predominately dry lands.
The climate fluctuates and transitions, causing wet and dry periods.
Along with extreme droughts, the amount of precipitation changes. This causes:
There are the Chihuahuan, Sonoran, and Mojave Deserts in the Southwest region.
They are considered "hot" deserts because of their high temperatures during the long summer and subtropical plant communities.
The Indians of the Southwest
-Due to the dry climate and rash monsoons, many tribes were unable to farm successfully.
-If they did farm, they grew
. Instead, most tribes were gatherers.
-The people of this region hunted :
"North American Deserts and World Deserts." North American Deserts. DesertUSA: Southwest Adventure, Living & Travel, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.
"Ecosystems & Landscapes." Learning Center of the American Southwest. Learning Center of the American Southwest, 29 May 2012. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.
"Native American Houses." Native American Homes: Wigwams, Longhouses, Tepees, Lodges, and Other American Indian Houses. Native Languages of the Americas Website, 1998-2014. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.
"Loloma (Hello) - The Hopi Tribe." The Hopi Tribe Loloma Hello Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Aug. 2014.
Ansary, Mir Tamim. Southwest Indians. Des Plaines, IL: Heinemann Library, 2000. Beacon Learning Center. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www.beaconlearningcenter.com/Documents/2973_3699.pdf>.
"Hopi Indian Fact Sheet." Facts for Kids: Hopi Indians (Hopis). N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2014. <http://www.bigorrin.org/hopi_kids.htm>.
"Native American Weapons." Native American Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/native-indian-weapons-tools/native-american-weapons.htm>.
"Foods of the Southwest." American Indian Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014. <http://www.aihd.ku.edu/foods/southwest.html>.
They used bows and arrows, spears, tomahawks, axes, blowguns and slingshots
Spindles and looms for weaving cotton and pump drills for beads
They used flint for most weapons
Weapons were split into 5 categories :
There were two main forms of belief in the Southwest, Shamanism and Amanism.
Shamans were men and women who had received a certain level of knowledge regarding physiological or spiritual health. They managed a person's maintenance, recovery, and and destruction.
Animists believed that the world was full of living entities. Some spirits included the spirit of
features such as
Like many other Indians, the pueblos had a lot of folklore. Two popular stories are
The Medicine Man
The Child of Water
Little Blue Rock
The Hopi were Amanists. They believed in Spirits called kachinas.
The Navajo lived mainly as nomads. They traveled in groups hunting and gathering food. They built shelters called
The Navajo believed in gods called the Holy people. Some gods such as the
were kind, where as others like the
could burn crops.
The Navajo had very specific
. They would draw a symbol on the ground using colored sand. Then the sick person was to lay down on the symbol. Sometimes songs were sung and chants were chanted. (IDK???)
The Navajo were also excellent weavers. After learning how to use cotton from the Hopi, the Navajo people learned to make thread for weaving out of cotton.
This is a weaving machine that is still true to the style the southwest Indians made it.
Red Desert Sands
, were used by the Pueblo Indians.
Made of adobe (clay) or large stones.
These houses were built on the sides of
, or steep cliffs.
They didn't have entrances on the 1st floor. Instead, ladders lead people to the second floor. In case of an attack, people pulled up their ladders. That way no one could enter.
are temporary accommodations used by many Indian tribes. The southwest migratory Apache tribe, for example, built brush shelters as homes on a regular basis.
By: DeVon DuPree, Ophelia Chui Anvi Gulrajani, and Maxine Lui
FUN FACT: IN THE NAVAJO LANGUAGE, NAVAJO MEANS PEOPLE