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Renaissance: Literature, language, writings and education

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Taha Khaldi

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Renaissance: Literature, language, writings and education

Literature, Language, Writings and Education The Renaissance of the Christendom (Europe) was a Golden Age...
In this rebirth, Europe took an outstanding step forward...
The european society believed and dreamed of a positive change...
During the Renaissance, the authority and power of the Catholic Church was fading ...
The renaissance brought to Europe, a society of scholasticism, rationalism...
The memories of the muddled circumstances in the Dark Ages were still very vivid in people’s senses... Introduction Source:
http://thetextileblog.blogspot.ca/2010/03/owen-jones-and-renaissance.html Source:
http://www.lsu.edu/faculty/maribel/ Table of contents
There is no better way to start a presentation than with an Introduction
First, before going through the specific aspects, I will speak about the very first notion of the renaissance and its emphasis for the Renaissance
I will reveal the civilizations who have influenced the Renaissance and explain how, or in other words, introduced knowledge to Europe
Then, by entering in the aspect of literature, I will discuss the influence of the printing press... I will speak about the Islamic preservation of Greek literature and the Italian's possession of Greek works during the fall of Rome
Following this, I will be deliberating the Greek impact to the English literature and education
Subsequently, the English universities will penetrate into the discussion through the aspect of education
After that, the concept of Humanism will be conferred
I will speak about the form and quality of education for poor children and girls
Drama and poetry are going to be laid open to the subject, pulling with them, William Shakespeare and his impacts to the English Language
We will end up this beautiful presentation by presenting the Elizabethan role in the English Language during the Renaissance
And finally, we will bring a conclusion that will explain how the English Renaissance came to end
To finalise, two slides of my bibliography will be displayed! Source:
http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Group/1247201 The creation of a middle class This idea began to grow, as international marketing began to gain power ...
This concept of the creation of a middle class started when european migrants and explorers brought back these rational ideas to Europe...
It explains the influence of Western language, rational thinking, literature, education... Source:
http://suite101.com/article/landscapes_in_italian_renaissance-a4727 Source: http://renaissanceclothing.blogspot.ca/2011/02/using-bruegel-paintings-to-research.html The Printing Press The greatest innovation in the Renaissance era was the printing press, by Johannes Gutenberg...
Yes, presses were invented a long time ago, but Gutenberg’s style brought an effective method...
Printing had an influence in anything dealing with issues of reading and learning...
Literature started to become available for the main public
Thanks to Gutenberg’s invention! Source:
http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=101175 Source:
http://www.moonmentum.com/blog/codex/multimedia/johannes-gutenberg/ Did you Know...? Until the beginning of the Renaissance, Britain was considered as an anarchy of an ignorant culture because of the corrupted and greedy acts of the Medieval Church; Britain’s main authority... Josh Rahn, a Master of English literature, reports in his article “Renaissance Literature” that "even the English language was disdained." The preservation of Greek literature During the Renaissance, Europe started to study Greek literature...
Italy has renewed the Greek literature...
Ensuing the fall of Rome, the Muslims have devoted an admiration over the works Aristotle, Plato, Hippocrates...
The ancient texts were preserved, copied scrupulously and have later made a great influence to Europe...
Muslim scholars have tied a great connection between the Greeks and the Europeans of the Renaissance... Source:
http://www.universalis.fr/dossier-du-mois/article/leonard-de-vinci/#utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Newsletter_dEncyclopaedia_Universalis_fevrier_2013 Source:
http://www.historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?category=Mathematics+%2F+Logic Source:
http://folk.uio.no/amundbjo/OsAr/sem/grar.php Source:
http://www.answering-islam.org/Responses/Saifullah/embryo.htm Little timeline explaining the connection
between Renaissance, the Islamic Golden Age and the Ancient Greeks Golden Age The Ancient Greeks around 500 to 300 BC 15th century to 17th century The Muslims The Europeans mid-7th century to 15th century It was the Greek Golden Age and it that time Greek scholars, such as Aristotle, Plato, Hippocrates, Archimedes, Socrates and Euclid were starting to think in a rational way to find truth! The Islamic Golden Age is an era in which was established one of the largest empires in history expanding from Spain to China and Africa to Russia. The Islamic World contributed to arts, economics, law, literature, navigation, philosophy, sciences, technology and much more...
The muslim scholars preserved primitive Greek traditions and invented more. The Islamic world became a major intellectual center of science, literature and education We call it the European Golden Age; "The Renaissance". In this time Europe lived a remarkable and a beautiful era that could never be forgotten. In this era, a great scientific revolution occurred and the society began to think more rationally and sagaciously .
The Renaissance was the greatest movement that Europe has ever lived. The innovations during this remarkable era were great and numbered. It was an age of new discoveries and innovations. English Education
(universities and introduction of Greek literature to England) Source:
http://www.universitiesnews.com/2012/09/19/2013-michael-wills-scholarships-at-university-of-oxford-uk/ Source:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/7987202/Cambridge-tops-international-league-table.html English students started to attend classes of Greek literature...
The study of Greek was brought into England...
Even the students of Dutch, incapable to reach Italy due to poverty, reached Oxford instead... There were only two institutions; Cambridge and Oxford...
In brief, England became deeply affected by Greek literature... Source:
http://www.europeaswrittenbyeurope.com/?p=1005 Humanism and its connection with Renaissance English educational thoughts Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HumanismSymbol.svg Source:
http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/vatican.exhibit/exhibit/c-humanism/Humanism.html Source:
https://www.morebooks.de/search/gb?q=Renaissance+Humanism&via_keyword=1 Coupled with education, Humanism has settled in Britain after penetrating Italy’s educational thoughts...
This new concept was to help young competent boys in order so that they embark on to studies for writings and editing texts... Humanism was described as a path leading to the foundation of knowledge, deep values... Education (rich vs. poors and girls' education) There was limited access for education, except for the elites...
For the lower class families, schools weren't much “resourceful”...
During the Renaissance, 50% of the English population was 25; more youth...
In the article “Childhood during the Renaissance” (2013), it states that “the form and quality of a child's education varied according to the economic and social status of the family, sex of the child, the expectations of their parents, and the availability of the schooling”...
In the subject of girls’ education, only upper class girls could be educated...
Girls would only study matters like dance, music, poetry, religion and painting... Education (Guy's education, school hours and holidays Guys were allowed to study the arts of war such as horse-riding, swordsmanship...
Nevertheless, the age of seven was considered the perfect age for a child to be trained...
Kids under the age of seven were regarded as tots...
Returning to the subject of education, school would generally start at 6 a.m. and finish at 5 p.m...
From Monday to Saturday, kids would go to school...
Sunday, was a day of relaxation and worship to God...
Students had only two weeks of Christmas and others like Easter breaks... Source:
http://education14.blogspot.ca/2008/11/viii-education-during-renaissance.html Source:
http://www.rsa.org/blogpost/851055/CFPs-San-Diego-Art-History?tag=education Source:
http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/2007/mar/24/saturday.familyholidays.shortbreaks Source:
http://www.thetudortattler.com/2011/12/12-days-of-tudor-christmas-decorations.html Source:
http://education14.blogspot.ca/2008/11/viii-education-during-renaissance.html Source:
http://webcasty.com/2007/how-did-the-renaissance-affect-education-photo/how-did-the-renaissance-affect-education-photo-2/ Poetry was commonly accompanied by classical music...
Poetry would be written with the style of the late Medieval and Renaissance eras... One of the Renaissance's best English poets are as follows:
Sir Philip Sidney and Edmund Spenser
These two English poets were considered as great poets who have written rich style of poetry...
English poetry would bring beauty to literature and expose wisdom within words and entertain...
Shakespeare was among the best of poets. Poetry during the English Renaissance Did you know...! The English Renaissance’s last prominent poet was a Puritan. This man was John Milton and he has surpassed the great poet Edmund Spenser with his epic masterpieces of high poetry full of wisdom!!! Source:
http://www.biography.com/people/william-shakespeare-9480323 Source:
http://community.sparknotes.com/2010/07/20/how-to-be-a-renaissance-sparkler-part-3-poetry Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Spenser Source:
http://humphrysfamilytree.com/Sidney/sir.philip.html Shakespeare's influence in drama and the English language Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare's_plays Howbeit, William Shakespeare was excelling also in drama...
Not a man could equalize William Shakespeare in matters of accuracy for the use of language, neither in matters of flawlessness and predilection to write plays...
William Shakespeare has dignified and improved the English language...
His style has still a great influence in England; we call it now the Shakespearean language...
One of William Shakespeare’s words are as follows: “fool”, “disgraceful”, “countless”, “critic”, “laughable”, “bedroom”...
http://reference.yourdictionary.com/translation/shakespeare-translator.html Source:
http://grammar.yourdictionary.com/word-lists/list-of-words-and-phrases-shakespeare-invented.html Source:
http://questgarden.com/12/41/2/051211180136/process.htm The Elizabethans and the English language Since the Elizabethan era, new words and expressions have entered the English language...
The Elizabethans were stimulated with the idea of inventing new words and “borrowing” them from other languages...
It was a pleasure for them to create “extravagant expressions, complicated figures of speech and made up words by the dozens” (Prof. Daniel Derrel Santee, 2010)...
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/facts-on-queen-elizabeth-the-first.html Source:
http://www.amazon.com/Elizabethan-Language-Book-Gerald-Zepeda/dp/images/B0015TPN7U Source:
http://www.ehow.com/how_4474444_learn-speak-write-elizabethan-english.html Conclusion The radiant specter of the Renaissance came to an end.
In England, the main cause that led the conclusion of the Renaissance was the incompetency of the Queen Elizabeth I to produce a successor. When she died, anarchy ruled the country.
Be that as it may, the common feeling of agreement amid the English historians is that Queen Elizabeth I wasn’t to be fully blamed considering the fact that the Rise of Puritanism was a major obstacle for the English Renaissance!!! Source:
http://www.magicalmaths.org/introduction-conclusion-starter-plenary-images-for-powerpoints-and-flipcharts/conclusion-introduction-starter-plenary/ Bibliography Lyons, Jonathan (2009), The House of Wisdom: How the Arabs Transformed Western Civilization, New York: Bloomsbury Press, p. 4
George Saliba: Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2007, HC, p.3
F. Oakley, The medieval experience: foundations of Western cultural singularity (University of Toronto Press, 1988), p. 1-4.
The Renaissance and the Church," All-About-Renaissance-Faires, www.all-about-renaissance-faires.com/renaissanceinfo/catholic_church_in_the_renaissance.htm
N. F. Cantor, Inventing the Middle Ages: the lives, works, and ideas of the great medievalists of the twentieth century (University of Michigan, 1991), p. 477.
James Bradshaw (1745). A scheme to prevent the running of Irish wools to France: and Irish woollen goods to foreign countries. By prohibiting the importation of Spanish wools into Ireland ... Humbly offered to the consideration of Parliament. By a Merchant of London printed for J. Smith, and G. Faulkner. p. 4–5. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
Renaissance (c. 1500-c. 1688), “English 201 and 202”, www.people.umass.edu.com
Anarchy in 12th Century England, “Eyewitness to History”, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2005)
Corruption in the Medieval Church," Honors British Literature 07-08, http://hoffmanbritlit07.blogspot.ca/2007/11/corruption-in-medieval-church.html (2007)
Josh Rahn, Renaissance Literature, “The Literature Network ”, http://www.online-literature.com/periods/renaissance.php (2011)
Woodward, William Harrison (1906), Studies in education during the age of the Renaissance, 1400-1600, University Press, Cambridge, p.3
Al-Khalili, Jim (2011), The House of Wisdom: How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance, New York: Penguin Press, p. 67-78
Robert Huntington Fletcher, A history of English literature, “About.com”, http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/rfletcher/bl-rfletcher-history-5-renaissance.htm
Following... Bibliography Grendler, Paul F. (2004, March 22). The universities of the Renaissance and Reformation, The Free Library. (2004). Retrieved February 17, 2013 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The universities of the Renaissance and Reformation.
Bradley J. Cook (2011), Classical Foundations of Islamic Educational Thought: A Compendium of Parallel English-Arabic Texts, Brigham Young University; Bilingual edition, p. xxiv
Education During the European renaissance, PDF file, www.education.umn.edu/EdPA/iconics/reading%20room/6.htm
Robert Guisepi, The History of Education, Early Civilizations, http://history-world.org/history_of_education.htm
"Childhood During the English Renaissance" StudyMode.com. 04 2007. 04 2007 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Childhood-During-English-Renaissance-111641.html>.
Sharon Fabian, Education in the Renaissance, edHelper.com, http://woodlawnhs.bcps.org/documents/renaissance%20education.pdf, PDF file
Deborah Watson-Novacek, Renaissance Holidays, Festivals and Feast Days, BellaOnline, http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art42677.asp, (2013)
Josh Rahn, Renaissance Literature, “The Literature Network ”, http://www.online-literature.com/periods/renaissance.php (2011)
Reich, John J; Cunningham, Lawrence S. (2005),Culture And Values: A Survey of the Humanities, Thomson Wadsworth, p. 102
The Renaissance and the Elizabethan Age (1430-1630), English Language Literature, http://www.dle.ufms.br/daniel/literature/04-Renaissance.pdf, Prof. Daniel Derrel Santee (2010)
John Spurr (1998), English Puritanism, 1603-1689, Palgrave Macmillan, New York: St Martin's P; p. introduction
http://www.clipartmojo.com/clip-art/baby--the-end-1736/ Thank you for listening...
I wish you've learned a lot from my presentation! Source:
http://janeheller.com/confessionsblog/tag/nick-swisher/ Source:
http://janeheller.com/confessionsblog/tag/nick-swisher/ Source:
Full transcript