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Petra Cabadajova

on 5 May 2013

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Environmental Analysis of
The Great Barrier Reef Czech University of Life Science 2013
Fundamentals of Environmental Economics Table of Content The project plan 1.Introduction 3. Introduction of economic
policies 4. Analysis of policies 2. Environmental problematic
issues 5.Conclusion and Recommendations The project plan

1.1The Great Barrier Reef in the biosphere
1.2Marine biodiversity
1.4Great Barrier Reef world heritage values and its importance
2.Environmental problematic issues
3.Introduction of economic policies
4.Analysis of policies
4.1.Managing tourism permissions
4.2.Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2009 (Reef Plan)
5.Conclusion and Recommendations

a) Introduction to the analyzed area of interest (air, water, waste, bio)
including the introduction of the country peculiarities with regards to analyzed area

b) Introduction to problems facing the area (physical measurement –
location, size, character, toxicity of pollution, how is it measured, etc.)

c) Introduction to economic policies with regards to analyzed area of

d) Analysis of policies (very basic - S/D diagrams ...)

e) Conclusions and recommendations
- problems with anthropogenic pollution
- Man-made pollutants - can cause damage to
ecosystems of the
coral reefs by:
- deforestation sediment runoff
- pollutants from mining and farming
- nitrogen and phosphorous (massive
algae growth)
- water quality
- petroleum leaks (other chemicals)
- over-fishing
- natural causes (increases in crown-of
thorns starfish).
- sedimentation - poor fishing practices, pollution and coral
bleaching - increased sea temperatures due to global warming
- Great Barrier Reef Marine Park - established to
conserve The GBR
- Administration: GBRMP Authority
- analyze particularly two policies in the GBRMP:
- implementing full control of tourist activities
- the Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2009 Daiana Turginbekova
Yulia Sycheva
Nguyen Thanh Tu
Petra Cabadajová GBR – General reference map
Source: Google Great Barrier Reef Ports
Source: GBR Port Economic analysis 2012
1.1 The Great Barrier Reef in the biosphere - Biosphere:
- contains all living organisms and what
supports them (an ecosphere)
- interacts with the spheres
+ exchanges matter and energy
- helping to drive the global biogeochemical
cycling (e.g. carbon, nitrogen)
- The Great Barrier Reef:
- the world's largest coral reef system
- a part of the biosphere
- extends from ocean depths to about six
kilometres (3.7 miles) above sea level 1.2 Marine biodiversity
- the species richness and abundance in the
world's oceans and seas
- humans are dependent on the Earth's
- national parks and marine reserves - to protect
these natural areas.
- The GBR - one of the most significant for
biodiversity conservation (tens of thousands of marine and terrestrial species)
- is built on a foundation of coral 1.3 Characteristics - the only living organic collective visible
from Earth's orbit
- Location: in the Coral Sea, on Australia’s
north-eastern coast
- Expanse: more than 2,300km
(reefs, continental islands and coral cays) - damage of a coral reef - ecosystem can be thrown off balance (self-regulation)
- potentially threatening activities:
- extraction of mineral and coal deposits
- agriculture, tourism and construction
- imports of consumables (on regional
- drilling for petroleum resources 1.4 Great Barrier Reef world heritage
values and its importance - In 1981- the GBR was inscribed on the World
Heritage List (UNESCO)
- for its unique natural properties and enormous
scientific and environmental importance
- conversation of biodiversity
- has outstanding examples of processes in the
evolution and development
+ major stages of the earth’s history
- contains superlative natural phenomena - “The 25-Year Strategic Plan”
- policies for guarantee both the Australian
economic development and its sustainability
- the banning of BTEX chemicals in coal seam
gas (CSG) extraction from the ocean
- problem of illegal poaching
- zones and limits of the area of sea tourism
- Governmental plan by 2022 4.1. Managing tourism permissions - 93% of total economic contribution of the Reef
- $5 billion each year
- to protect the Reef- management of tourist activities
- issuing tourism permissions (last for six
- the quantity of programs can be
- fees
- prohibit potentially harmful activities and
overuse of the reef Supply/Demand of permissions 4.2. Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2009
(Reef Plan) - goals:
- to improve the water quality entering GBR by 2013
- non polluted flowing water from adjacent catchments
- funds:
- $200 million from Reef Rescue package by the Australian
- $325 million from investment by the Queensland government
GBR-wide and regional snapshot of progress and status towards Reef Plan targets, 2010 - the largest and most essential coral reef system
in the global biosphere
- problematic degradation
- endangering mainly by Man-made pollution
- established strict, practical and enforceable
- the Reef has gradually got cleaner
- the government should enact more specific and
effective policies 6. References 1. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/154
2. http://sitemaker.umich.edu/gc2sec7labgroup3/pollution
3. http://www.dsdip.qld.gov.au/resources/plan/gbr-economic-analysis.pdf
4. http://greens.org.au/files/GreatBarrierReef.pdf
5. http://theconversation.com/coal-seam-gas-the-great-barrier-reef-and-the-queensland
6. http://www.wwf.org.au/our_work/saving_the_natural_world/oceans_and_marine/priority
7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_threats_to_the_Great_Barrier_Reef
8. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/242906/Great-Barrier-Reef
9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosphere
10. http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-16_u-307_t-752_c-2826/the-great-barrier
11. http://www.cairnsdiveadventures.com/reef-info/where-is-the-great-barrier-reef-located/
12. Managing Tourism Permissions to Operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, 2004
13. Reef Water Quality Protection Plan 2009
14. The 25-Year Strategic Plan
15. Preface, The 25-Year Strategic Plan
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