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# Maths

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by

## Karen Singleton

on 3 December 2013

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#### Transcript of Maths

Maths and Numeracy in the
Real World

MATHS
Examples of Maths & Numeracy
Maths is Numbers and
Algebra.
Percentages

and
Fractions
are part of
the Maths strand in curriculums.
In the Australian curriculum,
maths aims to instil in students
the power of mathematical
reasoning (ACARA, n.d.).
Examples of Maths & Numeracy
"Mathematics is a human activity, a social phenomenon, a set of methods used to help illuminate
the world, and it is part of our culture" (Boaler, 2008).
NUMERACY
Maths V's Numeracy
SYMMETRY
Maths is all around us and we are involved with it in our day to day lives. Maths has been around for thousands of years across the globe. The use and knowledge of Maths is part of our cultural development. Maths language is numbers and is universal. It is the only language shared by all human beings regardless of religion, culture and gender ( Annenberg Learner, 2013).
Numeracy is a life skill and one that is important to achieve the best outcomes, not just in school but in society. Numeracy involves gaining essential skills needed for processing information, making decisions, interpreting data and appreciating number relationships (National Numeracy, 2013).
Numeracy is a skill that needs to be focused on in education to help students gain confidence and appreciate the purpose and use of maths in their daily lives.
picture
-Mathematics provides the principles and processes to enable students to be numerate.
- It involves working not only with numbers and equations and counting but with patterns of logic and reasoning. Some of these include algebra, calculus and geometry.

- Numeracy is the application of mathematics to solve problems or provide information to make accurate decisions in real life situations.
- Being numerate involves being able to think mathematically and improve efficiency in work and daily life.
measurement.
Measurement explores procedures for learning about standard units in metric and customary systems and relationships among these units (Anneberg Learner, 2002).
Concepts such as volume, area, ratios and metric system are included in this type of Maths.
Numeracy is putting maths skills into practice. Following a
recipe
and measuring quantities of different ingredients is numeracy. Recipes may require ingredients to be weighed in scales, measured in spoons or cups. If you require more or less of the recipe you are baking, skills for changing and measuring quantities will be conducted.
Examples of Maths & Numeracy
Maths
Numeracy
*There is a relationship between Maths and Numeracy and they support each other.
*Numeracy uses Maths in real life situations.
*Students need to have knowledge of all aspects of maths to be numerate.
* Maths and Numeracy can be facilitated across the curriculum in other subjects like Science, Art and History.
* To get a career students need to have some form of maths and numeracy
understanding and apply it.
"Numbers are the musical notes with which the symphony of the universe is written" (Spencer, 2012).
Numeracy is working out percentages in sales when shopping. Everyone loves a discount and to figure out percentage off and know the final price you are paying is important. With wages a percentage goes to paying taxes. In class, an activity to figure out percentages of students with a certain eye colour, pets, sports played etc. would be a plan to interest students.

This example could be used in class by
cooking a recipe and discussing
measurements. Students would be
interested and active participants
in the class.
Everyday Maths Occurrences
Numeracy involves using some mathematics content. Knowledge is essential to numeracy, so too are math process skills (National Numeracy, 2013).
Maths is
Statistics
and
Probability
. It can be seen
as complex and boring.Students
need to understand mathematical
vocabulary and this can be
achieved by the use of questions
understand mathematical ideas
(Suffolk maths, n.d.).By hypothesising
and predicting and applying reasoning
to statistics and probability, math
may become clearer to students.

Numeracy is interpreting
data, making decisions and processing information to improve outcomes in society.
Statistics are at sport games, betting, voting and casino games to name a few. An
example of Probability is
the weather. Will it rain?
An activity to keep students
interested in this strand of
Maths could be tossing
a coin and keeping a
tally of how many
Maths and
Numeracy
can be fun
SYMMETRY
Symmetry is an everyday math occurrence that
surrounds us daily. You may not know it but
Symmetry is found in art, nature, sports, mirrors, flags, signs, animals and many more. Where balanced proportions of something are capable of being divided into two equal parts, there is symmetry. The line that divides the object is called a symmetrical line. This line can be in any direction.

Maths is about patterns and relationships
and using language to describe the abstract
world around us in ways to make it easier
for students (Mathepedia, n.d.).
Teaching Symmetry
Teaching a lesson on Symmetry using Maths as an everyday occurrence , I would discuss some symmetrical objects that are around us everyday.
I would give them some examples by showing pictures and then ask them to share their ideas to the class. The Australian Curriculum has a strand for Maths using Measurement, Geometry and Shape and the content is 'Identifying symmetry in the environment'. An elaboration of this content is to identify symmetry in the natural and built environment (ACARA, n.d.).
After discussion time we would have an activity
to make a symmetrical animal mask. We would
talk about the rules of objects being symmetrical
and that on each side, everything must be equal.
Everyday Math Occurrence
9 Times Tables using Fingers
Some children struggle with higher denomination times tables. This is a trick using your fingers to work out 9 times tables. Your fingers are always there if you forget the answers. How it works:
1. Hold hand out in front, fingers spread.
2. For 9x2, bend down your 2nd finger.
3. You have 1 finger left in front of bent and 8 fingers after bent finger.
This example is using 9 times something is ten minus one times something idea so 10 minus one times something is just ten times something minus one times something OR (10-1) x 7 =9x7
(Hartley, n.d.). This sequence only works up to 10 X 9.

Karen Singleton
Numeracy and Maths are very important in the real world. We need to work on teaching mathematics in ways that engage and excite all students and give them the support and knowledge they need to drive their economic and social well-being (Beswick & Morony, 2003).
Beswick, K. & Morony, W. (2013, March 11). OPINION: Maths equation now adds up to problems. Newcastle Herald.

Boaler, J. (2008). The Elephant in the Classroom: Helping Children Learn & Love Maths. Retrieved Dec 1, 2013 from http://nrich.maths.org/content/id/7011/chapter1.pdf