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Picasso and Matisse

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Tiffany Reyes

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Picasso and Matisse

Matisse & Picasso: The Rivalry That Birthed Modern Art
By: Isabel Hoyt, Tiffany Reyes & Caroline Salis
Shared Style & Philosophy
Differences in Style & Philosophy
Influential Works & Artistic Rivalry
Le Bonheur de Vivre, 1905-1906
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
Bathers with a Turtle, 1908

The Beginnings of Modern Art
Influences & Reactions of Picasso
Influences & Reactions of Matisse
Drew and painted from nature
Placed his figures in fully imagined interiors
Experimented with Pointillism
Critically identified with Fauvism
Removed from everyday life
Inclined to work from imagination
Critically identified with the new horizon of Cubism (considered more intellectual style)
Intense reflection of mood and passion
Created works with ease
Picasso and Matisse:
Friends or Foes?
"Understanding one another, borrowing from one another, they attempted to outdo each other, to trump the other's innovations, both on canvas and in sculpture" (Haggerty Museum of Art).
Picasso's first major encounter with Matisse's work in 1905 at Salon d'Automne
Matisse was first introduced to Picasso April 1906 at a gathering at Gertrude Stein’s house
Complete opposite ends of the spectrum, aesthetically as well as in their lifestyle
As personalities the two men were directly opposed
Through intense curiosity as well as competitiveness, both visited each other frequently
Generally decrease in intensity of competition
"They were friends but enemies." - Gertrude Stein
History of Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Early in 1906 Picasso had executed various studies and sketches of naked youths and horse
Abandoned, possibly to make an answer to Le Bonheur
In 1907 he began work on the great work that was to become known as Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Wanted it to be more radical in nature
In the Autumn 1907 Matisse visited Picasso’s studio and was shocked by Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon: Other References & Inspirations
Iberian statue/Africa
Matisse had influence over Picasso's other inspirations:
Matisse disliked Les Demoiselles
This reaction was shared by virtually everyone else on their first encounter with the picture

Matisse's response?

1908 Bathers with a Turtle

Canvas of comparable dimensions

Seriousness that was new to his own art
Three Women (1908)
This elicited a response with a series of three figure compositions

Picasso admired Bathers with a Turtle
Notice a cycle?
Picasso by 1909: Cubism
George Braque
Dismissal of traditional Western single viewpoint perspective
Interacting planes, complexes, volumetric form
Not interested in abstractions
The Beginnings of Modern Art
Matisse by 1909
Disliked all Cubism's early manifestations
Suppression of color
Color was focus
Tinged by naturalism
Influenced by Islamic art
Strong decorative appeal
Stark Contrast
Strongly centralized images vs. decorative emotional aura
Exploratory vs. Intellectually calculated
Both artists intertwine in ways of their approach and style
Synthetic Cubism
Between 1914 and 1917, Matisse could no longer ignore the achievements of Cubism
the dance
the artist and the model
dreamers and odalisques
Nasturtiums with Dance II, 1912
Iberian Head
5-3 Century B.C.
Cézanne, Bathers
Les Trois Danseuses
The Second Phase:
Papier Collé
Re-introduction of color
Naturalistic Space
strongly influenced by the old masters
emphasizing the psychic, rather than the physical world
By 1916, Matisse and Picasso were established as two of the greatest living artists
Divergence in artistic styles:
Neoclassicism vs. Naturalism
The studio, quai Saint-Michel
The Painter and His Model
Picasso, The Three Dancers, 1925
Woman with a veil
The Dream
Matisse, Femme se recoiffant, 1925
Parallels continue to be seen through divergence
Continued Influence

Cowling, Elizabeth. Interpreting Matisse
Picasso. London: Tate, 2002. Print.

Cowling, Elizabeth, John Golding, Anne Baldassari, Iabelle Monod-Fontaine, John Elderfield, and Kirk Varnedoe. Matisse Picasso. New York, NY: Tate. Museum of Modern Art, 2003. Print.

Dabrowski, Magdalena. "Henri Matisse (1869–1954)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/mati/hd_mati.htm (October 2004)

Flam, Jack, Matisse Picasso. The Story of Their Rivalry and Friendship, Cambridge MA: Icon Edition, 2003

Works Cited
Spatial Properties
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