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five themes of geography

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channetta sparrow

on 23 May 2013

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Transcript of five themes of geography

Five Themes Of Geography
Channetta Sparrow Uganda Venezuela Brazil Guatemala Ethiopia Alaska Absolute Location:
Kampala: (capital city) 0° 18' N, 32° 34' E
Arua: 3° 1' N, 30° 54' E
Moroto: 2° 31' N, 34° 40' E Absolute Location:
Caracas: (capital city) 10° 29' N, 66° 54' W
Ciudad Guayana: 8° 22' N, 62° 38' W
Maracaibo: 10° 38' N, 71° 38' Absolute Location: Absolute Location:
San Jose: (capital city) 9º 56' N, 84º 05' W
Puerto Limon: 9° 59' N, 83° 2' W
Golfito: 8° 38' N, 83° 9' W Absolute Location:
Guatemala City: (capital city) 14º 38' N, 90º 31' W
Flores: 16° 55' N, 89° 52' W
Cobán: 15° 28' N, 90° 22' W Absolute Location: Addis Ababa: (capital city) 9° 1' N, 38° 44' E, Dolo Odo: 4° 11' N, 42° 4' E, Gonder: 12° 36' N, 37° 28' E, Werder: 6° 58' N, 45° 20' E
Relative Location: located in eastern Africa, and is in both the eastern and northern hemispheres.
Human/Physical Characteristics:population is highly diverse. Most of its people speak a Semitic or Cushitic language. The Oromo, Amhara and Tigreans make up more than three-quarters (¾) of the population, but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia./ / country with great geographic diversity with mountains, high plateaus, deep gorges, river valleys, and lowland plains. The altitude ranges from 4620 meters above sea level to 120 meters below sea level at the Danakil Depression, one of the lowest and driest points on the earth.
Human/Enviromenta: the landscape is changing. The snowy caps of Mount Kilimanjaro, Kenya and Elgon are melting. The shorelines of Lakes Chad, Tanganyika and Victoria are receding; Lake Chad is one twentieth of the size it was 35 years ago.population is highly diverse. Most of its people speak a Semitic or Cushitic language. The Oromo, Amhara and Tigreans make up more than three-quarters of the population, but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups.
Movements: The latest value for Imports of goods and services was $9,911,016,000 as of 2010. Over the past 33 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between $9,911,016,000 in 2010 and $556,425,200 in 1977.
Region: Formal: Africa
Functional: Trans Nation Airways
Vernacular: North East Africa Absolute Location: Juneau: (capital city) 58º 18' N, 134º 25' W, Anchorage: 61º 13' N, 149º 52' W, Barrow: 71º 17' N, 156º 47' W, Nome: 64º 30' N, 165º 24' W
Relative Location: positioned in both the eastern, northern and western hemispheres.
Human/Physical Characteristics: Metis: French/British and Native mix, considered Natives in Canada, have own culture
Dene Nation: speak Athapaskan, Indians and Metis of MacKenzie Valley
Non-Natives: majority in YK, were drawn by gold, minerals, furtrade, fishing, etc, some were missionaries./ covered is Boreal forest. Trees that are common are black spruce, willows (moose love to eat these!), larches, aspen, alders, lichens, etc. soil is very infertile- there is little if any agriculture here. There is also a layer called permafrost that lies under the soil.
Human/Environmental:one of the most pristine areas in all the world, yet environmental problems frequently make the headlines. Air, water, soil and sound pollution affect areas throughout the state, even hundreds of miles away from civilization. Contaminated areas in Anchorage can affect areas in the Interior. For instance, traditional spawning areas for salmon can become highly contaminated with waste from nearby factories, sewage treatment plants, or pesticides from farms.
Movement: oil, seafood. Of a total population of more than 23,000 people, more than 14,000 are speakers of the language.Children still grow up speaking Yup'ik as their first language in 17 of 68 Yup'ik villages, those mainly located on the lower Kuskokwim River, on Nelson Island, and along the coast between the Kuskokwim River and Nelson Island.
Region: Formal: United States
Functional: Bering Air
Vernacular: North America Place:
Human characteristics-Just over 27 million people live in Uganda. Life expectancy is around 51 years. Birth rate is on average 6.7 per woman. 4.1% of the population is believed to have HIV/AIDS. Literacy rate is just under 70%. Human/Environmental:
Adapt: hotter climates, different culture, and food
Modify: People have to grow their own food to be able to live.
Depend: growing food, and having rivers for drinking water, and having to walk to get things Costa Rica Relative Location: located on the northern coast of South America Salvador: 12° 58' S, 38° 30' W Relative Location: Costa Rica is positioned in both the northern and western hemispheres. Located in North America on the Central America isthmus Human Characteristics:The official language in Costa Rica is Spanish. Recently, the teaching of English in Costa Rica’s schools is creating a bilingual and educated workforce. Physical Characteristics: Has over 11 different micro climates Relative location: located in central Africa, and lies within the eastern as well as northern and southern hemispheres. Brasília: (capital city) 15° 46' S, 47° 55' W Fortaleza: 3° 43' S, 38° 32' W Manaus: 3° 6' S, 60° 1' W Porto Alegre: 30° 1' S, 51° 13' W Relative Location: Situated on the east-central coast of the continent, Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fourth-largest in the world in coterminous area India Absolute Location: Srinagar: 34° 5' N, 74° 47' E Mumbai: 19° 4' N, 72° 52' E Kolkata: 22° 34' N, 88° 21' E Kochi: 9° 55' N, 76° 16' E New Delhi: (capital city) 28° 38' N, 77° 13' E India is positioned on the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia, and is located in both the eastern and northern hemispheres. Relative Location: France Spain Libya Absolute Location: Relative Location:
Located in western Europe, France is geographically positioned in the northern, as well as the eastern and western hemispheres. Paris: (capital city) 48° 51' N, 2° 21' E Bordeaux: 44° 50' N, 0° 34' W Brest: 48° 23' N, 4° 29' W Lille: 50° 38' N, 3° 3' E Marseille: 43° 17' N, 5° 22' E Strasbourg: 48° 34' N, 7° 44' E Human Characteristics: Eiffel Tower, wine, dolls, and biking marathon. Physical Characteristics: France has mountains along the southwest border with Andorra and Spain (the Pyrenees). It also has mountains to the east (the Alps). In the southeast is the mountainous plateau known as the Massif Central.
The Seine River flows through Paris and then northwest to the English Channel at LeHavre. The Loire runs west through Orleans and Tours to Nantes on the Atlantic coast. The Dordogne also flows westward to the Atlantic. The Rhone crosses the Massif Central to the south, flowing into the Mediterranean at Marseilles.
Usual things, mountains (Alps) , rivers (Loire, Seine, Rhone), forests, canyons, coast, fields, vineyards, castles, cities (Paris, Lyon, Marseille) rivers, platues, and mountains Madrid: (capital city) 40° 25' N, 3° 42' W Barcelona: 41° 23' N, 2° 10' E Gijon: 43° 32' N, 5° 39' W Malaga: 36° 43' N, 4° 25' W Palma de Mallorca: 39° 34' N, 2° 38' E Absolute Location: Located in far southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula Spain is geographically positioned in the northern, as well as the eastern and western hemispheres. Relative Location: Human Characteristics:individuals are of European ancestry, which would offer an olive-like skin tone with recognizable facial features. Some, however, have Moorish and Jewish heritage, which would also offer an olive-like skin tone, but with Native American type facial features.
Physical Characteristics: The CIA World Factbook describes Spain as "large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north".
Some of those "hills" are more than 12,000 feet high. Physical characteristics-
major rivers, lakes, mountains and terrestrial features. Movement:
Uganda is a landlocked and a third world country. its economy depend much on agriculture.
Therefore it exports agricultural products both cash crops and food crops. There is also a booming business of flowers exportation, dairy products ,minerals and labor both skilled and unskilled.
Uganda imports machinery, clothes, oil products and many others . Uganda lacks industries and therefore all manufactured products are imported.
Ugandan clothing are perhaps not the brands you will find on the periphery of an international fashion event but come home - to Uganda, and you will embrace our unique brands. 'Kanzu', 'Gomesi' and 'busuti'/ 'mushanana' are house hold names you won't find else where. Regions:
Formal: Africa
Functional: Entbbe Airport, Uganda Newspaper
Vernacular: East Africa Place: Human Characteristics- As of July 2000, the population of Venezuela was estimated to be 23,542,649, an increase of 21.8 percent over the population in 1990. People of mixed race (pardo) or Indian/Spanish heritage (mestizo) are estimated to account for two-thirds of the population of Venezuela.
Physical Characteristics-It has been estimated that 75 to 85 percent of the population lives on just 20 percent of the country's land mass, while 4 or 5 percent of the population lives on 50 percent of the land. The most densely populated region is the upper northwest, where Venezuela's 3 largest cities are located. The most sparsely populated portion is the southern and eastern portions of the country, even though the government has tried to relocate industry there. The 2 regions are separated by the Orinoco river. Human/Environmental:
Climate: natural factors such as earthquakes, floods, rockslides, mudslides, and periodic droughts. Flooding. Sewage leaks into rivers.
Modify:know what to do during natural factors or disasters.
Depend: off the mining of iron and oil. Movement:
The economy of Venezuela is largely based on the petroleum sector and manufacturing. Revenue from petroleum exports accounts for about 18% of the country's GDP and roughly 95% of total exports. Venezuela is the fifth largest member of OPEC by oil production. Region:
Formal: Africa
Functional: Simón Bolívar International Airport, Anaco Airport, Calabozo Airport
Vernacular: North Africa Place: Human Characteristics: rather diffrent according to regions but mostly people are Brown speak hindi mostly eat rice or roti worships god mainly vishnu and mahesh (shivaji) and other god related to them.
Physical Characteristics:The Himalayas, the northern river plains, the very long coastline that skirts lower India and the south central Deccan Plateau. Human/Enviromental:
Adapt:Air pollution, water pollution, garbage, and pollution of the natural environment are all challenges for India.
Modify: Keep things clean. Clean up
Depend: human nature Movement: The Nationalist Movements in India were organised mass movements emphasising and raising questions concerning the interests of the people of India. In most of these movements, people were themselves encouraged to take action. Due to several factors, these movements failed to win Independence for India. Regions:
Formal: Asia
Functional: Mangalore Airport
Vernacular: South Asia Place: Human Characteristics: Music and dancing are obviously popular in Brazil, but it’s not all samba and bossa nova.
Physical Characteristics: Rainforests, rivers and waterfalls are some of Brazil's major physical features. Three of the most famous examples of these features are the Amazon Rainforest, the Amazon River, and Iguaçu Falls. Human/Enviromental:
Adapt: illegal wildlife trade, air and water pollution, land degradation and water pollution caused by mining activities, wetland degradation and severe oil spills
Modify: Stay clean
Depend: oil mining Movement: people interact by having parties and
be together for activities. They communicate in spanish language. They transport with railways, waterways, and roadways. Regions:
Formal: South America
Functional: Porto Alegre Metro
Vernacular: Eastern/Middle South America Human/Enviromental:
Adapt:some forest damage from acid rain; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes, agricultural runoff
Modify: Keep clean, keep things safe
Depend:They depend on water from mountains, rivers or lakes to drink, cook, clean and wash. The water from dams is also used to produce electricity. Rivers are used to transport goods on barges.
Forests provide wood for building materials, furniture, and fuel for fires. Coal is dug out and also used in fires and furnaces.
Various stones such as marble, slate, granite, are quarried to be used as building materials. Clay is made into pots, china, bricks and roofing tiles, iron into cutlery and hardware or converted to steel, copper is made into pans and piping, sand is melted into glass. Movement: France is probably best known for it's wine. Other products include cheese and perfume. They make cars, grow produce and livestock. There must be thousands of products produced in France and everything else is available as imports. They communiacte through french language. Regions:
Formal: Europe
Functional: Pau Pyrénées Airport
Vernacular: Western Europe Human/Enviromental:
Adapt: deforestation and land use change, largely a result of the clearing of land for cattle ranching and agriculture; soil erosion; coastal marine pollution; fisheries protection; solid waste management; air pollution
Modify: being able to live in different areas. living with cattle and staying clean
Depend:agriculture, tourism and electronic exports Movement: Costa Ricans are predominantly criollos, castizos and mestizos, but their country is consider a multiethnic society, which means that it is home to people of many different ethnic backgrounds. As a result, modern-day Costa Ricans do not consider their nationality as an ethnicity but as a citizenship with various ethnicities. Costa Rica has four small minority groups: Mulattos, Blacks, Amerindians and Asians. Regions:
Formal: North America
Functional: Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport
Vernacular: Southern North America Human/Enviromental:
Adapt: pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide; air pollution; deforestation; desertification
Modify: stay clean,
Depend: production of oil and gas. Movement: The term Spanish people, or Spaniards, has two distinct meanings: Traditionally, it applies to people native to any part of Spain. More recently, it has also come to have a legal meaning, referring to people who hold Spanish citizenship. They communicate through spanish language. Regions:
Functional: Madrid–Barajas Airport, San Sebastián Airport, Valladolid Airport
Vernacular:Southwestern Europe Relative Location: located on Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west
Human Characteristics: Its area is 108,890 km2 (42,043 mi2) with an estimated population of 13,276,517.
Physical Characterists: guatemala has 32 volcanoes! Highly mountainous,rising to 3,000 m,Usumacinta river,Motagua river, Lake Peten Itza,Lake de Atitlan, Lake de Izaba, plains, surrounded by 2 large bodies of water.
Human/Enviromental: environmental issues, particularly in regard to tropical deforestation, can seem daunting at times. The country and its people seem to be caught in a vicious cycle that will end only when the environmental degradation reaches its peak and the consequences are fully reaped. It seems greed, apathy, poverty, corruption, ignorance, and neglect have all conspired against Guatemala’s precious natural resources.
Movement: Poeple speak Spanish. The Guatemalan cuisine reflects the multicultural nature of Guatemala, in that it involves food that differs in taste depending on the region. Guatemala has 22 departments of (or divisions), each of which has very different food varieties.
Region: Formal: Mexico
Functional: Air Venture Tours, Aviones Comerciales de Guatemala (Avcom), Helicópteros de Guatemala.
Vernacular: North West Mexico Absolute Location: Tripoli: (capital city )32° 52' N, 13° 11' E Al Bayda: 32° 45' N, 21° 44' ESabha: 27° 2' N, 14° 25'
Relative Location: located in northern Africa, and is in both the eastern and northern hemispheres. The Tropic of Cancer runs through the bottom half of the country.
Human/Physical Characteristics: fourth in size among the countries of Africa and seventeenth among the countries of the world. Its coastline lies between Egypt and Tunisia. Although the oil discoveries of the 1960s have brought it immense petroleum wealth, at the time of its independence it was an extremely poor desert state whose only important physical asset appeared to be its strategic location at the midpoint of Africa's northern rim/ a country in the continent of Africa. Its coastline gets hit by the waves of the Mediterreanean. It's main physical features are deserts, including the famous Sahara Desert, highlands and some grasslands.
Human/Enviromental: annual rainfall averages only between 200 and 600 millimeters in the most arable portions. The Great Manmade River Project, designed to bring water from fossil aquifers beneath the Sahara, has no long-term viability because of the finite nature of the fossil reserves. A major environmental concern is the depletion of underground water as a result of overuse in agricultural developments, causing salinity and sea-water penetration into the coastal aquifers.
Movement: main language spoken is Arabic. consider themselves Arabs, although there is a strong Berber influence in the population. Nearly 98% of the population is Berber-Arabic. There are small communities of Greeks, Maltese, and Italians.
About 20% of the population are foreign workers, mostly from other Arab countries such as Egypt, the Sudan, and Tunisia.
Region: Formal: Africa
Functional:Afriqiyah Airways
Vernacular: North Africa Australia Absolute Location: Canberra: (capital city) 35º 33' S, 149º 18' E Darwin: 12º 38' S, 130º 88' E Hobart: 47º 89' S, 147º 35' E Perth: 31º 92' S, 115º 91' E
Relative Location:Located directly to the south of Papua New Guinea, Australia is geographically positioned in both the southern and eastern hemispheres.
Human/Physical Characteristics: The changing demographic characteristics of Australia have influenced the nature and identity of Australian society. The aspects of changing demographic characteristics affecting Australia's nature and identity include multiculturalism; the 'ageing population'; decreasing fertility rates; the changing indigenous population and the changing population density of Australia.;The Eastern Highlands region of Australia is the highest part of Australia, being a series of hills, mountains and plateaux. This area is also known as the Great Dividing Range, which is further subdivided into smaller ranges.
Human/Enviromental:Climate change threatens everything we hold dear – our homes, our health, our planet. Our addiction to burning coal for energy is pushing us into an urgent crisis.Forests are the lungs of the earth. The air we breathe, the stability of our climate and the rich variety of life depends on forests. Yet an area of forest the size of a football field is destroyed every two seconds. Food Australia grows some of the best food in the world. But genetically modified (GM) crops are threatening our environment, our health and our food supply.
Movement: The main method of exporting and importing goods is air and sea. All capitals have a main port and many other strategic centers also have them. Air is the main method of people-movement out of and into the country. The internet is available in the main settled parts of Australia, and is increasingly available to those in rural regions. Both dial-up and broadband are used with varying degrees of availability.
Regions: Formal: Australia
Functional:Australia Airways
Vernacular: South-East New Zealand
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