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Sir Walter Raleigh

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Chandler Ferrebee

on 14 November 2011

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Transcript of Sir Walter Raleigh

Sir Walter Raleigh January 22nd, 1552 Walter Raleigh is born 1575 Returned to England He was raised by a Protestant family
During the reign of Roman Catholic queen, Mary I, his father had to hide in a tower to avoid execution.
Served in Huegenot army in 1569 Ireland Helped suppress Desmond Rebellions
He was an Irish landlord for 17 years
He is credited with planting the first potatos in Ireland
1579-1583 1584 1580 Served in Queen Elizabeth's army in Ireland. 1585 Queen rewarded him with a plantation in Ireland. She also knighted him and gave him rights to colonize America. 1587 He explored The New World and named the region Virginia after the virgin queen. The Lost Colony In 1587 he sent colonists to Roanoke A friend of Raleigh's, John White, was their leader and governor. They tried to establish relations with the near by tribes, but they were only met with violence and hostility. White went back to England to explain the situation. He left behind 115 colonists, including his granddaughter, Virginia Dare, the first child born in the New World. White attempted to return with relief ships in early 1588. White finally made it back in 1590, only to find the colony deserted. All of their camp was dismantled. No Maltese cross Crotoan Island- now Hatteras Island 1581 Returned to England. Became favorite of the Queen. 1592 Appointed Captain Yeoman of the Guard. 1591 Secretly married Elizabeth Throckmorton. She was one of the queen's ladies in waiting and eleven years younger than him. She was also pregnant. The child died later that year of the plague. The queen found out and dismissed Elizabeth and imprisoned Raleigh. He was released to divide the goods from a Spanish ship. The couple had two more sons. 1593 He was elected a burgess. 1595 He explored Guyana and eastern Venezuela. 1596 He released the book "The Discovery of Guiana." He exaggerated by saying he had found gold mines and Angel Falls, but there is no proof of those things. 1603 The Queen died and in November Raleigh was arrested for allegedly plotting against King James. King James pardoned him despite a guilty verdict. He stayed in the tower he was tried in until 1616. In that time, he wrote many treatises and the first volume of "The History of The World." His fourth son was also conceived and born during this time. 1616 Raleigh was released to conduct another expedition to Venezuela. During the trip Raleigh's men, under command of Lawrence Keymis, attacked a Spanish outpost. The Spanish Ambassador, Count Gondomar, demanded Raleigh's death sentece be re-instated. 1618 Raleigh was beheaded. "Let us dispatch", he said to his executioner. "At this hour my ague comes upon me. I would not have my enemies think I quaked from fear." "This is a sharp Medicine, but it is a Physician for all diseases and miseries," he said when he saw the axe. His final words were, "Strike, man, strike!" His head was embalmed and given to his wife. His body was buried at St. Margaret's in Westminster. After his wife's death, his head was buried with his body. Sir Walter Raleigh
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