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edward lee thorndike

biography, theories and related researches
by

Eloisa Marie Luciano

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of edward lee thorndike

Thorndike's Theory/ies
Reasearches related to Thorndike's Theories
WHY GAMES WORK AND THE SCIENCE OF LEARNING
CONTRIBUTIONS TO PSYCHOLOGY:
Theory of Connectionism
Law of Effect
Laws of Learning
SCHOLARLY WORKS:
The Journal of Educational Psychology in 1910
Animal Intelligence in 1911
AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS:
President of the American Psychological Association (1912)
Top 1 American MAn of Science (1921)
President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1934)
Second president of the Psychometric Society (1937)
BEHAVIORAL MOMENTUM
AND THE LAW OF EFFECT
Law of Exercise

Law of Association
Learning occurs through the connection or functional relationship between two psychological phenomena established through experience or learning.

Law of Use and Disuse
The generalization that all factors being equal, an association which is practiced or used will be strengthened; that which is not practiced or used is weakened.

Law of Frequency and Recency
The principle that other things being equal, the more an act of association is practiced the more rapid the learning.

Law of Exercise

Law of Exercise

Law of Mind-set
this law has reference to the mental set of the learner at the time that the response is to be made.

Law of Apperception
Pertains to the recognition of relationships between what is presented and existing body of knowledge

Law of Readiness

Law of Primacy
Acts or impressions learned first will be better remembered than acts or impressions learned later.


Law of Belongingness
Associations are easily formed if they belong.

Law of Effect

Connections are strengthened if the consequence is positive.
Connections are weakened if the consequence is negative.

Law of Effect

LAW OF EFFECT
Law of Primacy
Law of Belongingness
LAW OFREADINESS
Law of Mind-set
Law of Apperception
LAW OF EXERCISE
Law of Association
Law of use and disuse
Law of Frequency and Recency
Law of Intensity
Law of Forgetting


Laws of learning

The more ready an individual to respond to a stimulus, the stronger will be the bond between them.
responses preceded by readiness are more satisfying.

Law of Readiness


Human activity is based on association between stimulus and response.
putting things together to form experience
Learning by trial and error.
Connectionism Theory

Edward Lee Thorndike

the more you do or practice a certain behavior, then it will be strengthened.

operates only indirectly through the fact that practice permits the law of effect to reinforce the correct responses and to the extent that it allows the law of effect to operate
BIOGRAPHY
He was born on August 31, 1874 in Williamsburg, Massachusetts.
He fell in love and got married with Elizabeth Moulton on August 29, 1900.
While he was in Wesleyan University (1895), he got interested with psychology when he read William James' "Principles of Psychology".
After attending in Wesleyan University, he continued his studies in Harvard University under William James. Unfortunately, he doesn't finish his studies in Harvard and moved to Columbia University (1897).
His thesis completed at the Columbia University pioneered the study of animal learning. He graduated with his Ph. D. in psychology (1898).
After graduation, he worked at College for Women of Case Western Reserve, then he left after barely working there for a year.
After working at CWCWR, he taught psychology at Teachers College at Columbia University.
He was called "The Father of Modern Educational Psychology".
In 1939, he retired from teaching at Columbia but continued to be active in psychological community until his death on August 9, 1949.
by Curtis Murphy
of Alion Science and Technology
Why games work ?
it begins by exploring the Laws of Learning
This study compared and related the laws of learning and the game design.
the researcher claimed that, comparing the 2 will give us a strong connection between learning and the game design.
in fact, it shows the answer to our problem
Games actually work because of the Laws of Learning!
Games use practice to prolong game play, which is part of the principle of exercise
Games use the technique of simplicity to reduce distractions, balance difficulty and skill.
Games impacts flow and motivation and increases the positive feelings toward the games we play, which lives us back to the principles of exercise, readiness and effect.
games use immersion and engagement ways to create riveting experience for players, which is part of the principle of intensity.
Finally, the primary appeal of games is that they are fun. Although fun is hard to define, it is clear that involves feelings of engagement, satisfaction, pleasure and enjoyment which are part of the principle of effect.
Law of Intensity
This law states that the strength of any behavior or experience has a corresponding relation to learning.

Law of Forgetting
This can be associated to the law of disuse.
States that the ability to reproduce or recollect what has been previously learned is in direct proportion to the opportunities to
use such abilities; hence, we tend to forget those acts which have had no opportunity to use or repeat.


Edward Lee Thorndike
by Nevin JA and Grace RC
On the basis of the research described in this article, we propose a modern version of Thorndike’s Law of Effect for discriminated operant behavior: When a response has been reinforced in a distinctive stimulus situation, its probability or rate of occurrence depends on the response-reinforcer contingencies. At the same time, it becomes connected to the situation and will tend to recur despite challenging disruptions.The greater the value of the situation, as determined by the conditions of reinforcement and as measured by preference, the greater the strength of connection as measured by resistance to change.
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