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Printmaking process - Original

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Jaclyn Murray

on 29 December 2013

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Transcript of Printmaking process - Original

Printmaking A type of art that transfers an original design from a prepared surface to another surface. This allows artists to create multiple printings, unlike drawing or painting where you only have one 'original.' SCREENPRINTING is when the ink is transferred through a screen. An image is either burned or passed through a stencil on the screen. MONOTYPING can be done in 2 ways (they can also be combined).

1. draw or paint a (positive) image on a flat surface.

2.cover a flat surface with paint/ink and draw into it to create a (negative) image.

A paper is pressed to the surface to transfer the image in both cases. Printmaking has its roots in
prehistoric times when humans placed their hands on cave walls & blew pulverized pigment around them to create images. Chinese artists were
printing with wood blocks more than 1,000 years ago. At first the process was applied to create patterns on textiles. Later it was applied to paper.
This is the "Diamond Sutra". Through the trade of paper through the silk road... Printmaking became the 'new' and preferred way of communicating. Why? Printmaking did not really develop in Europe until the 15th Century.

Two types of printmaking processes were used. #1: Wood Cuts
( a form of relief printing). Relief Printing:

the image is printed from the raised portion of a surface area after the artist carves away areas that they don't want to be printed. Video #1 Wood cut illustrations
accompanied text inside of inexpensive bibles to distribute
to the masses. #2: Intaglio
(mostly etchings & engravings). Intaglio Printing:

is exactly the opposite of relief printing. Intaglio comes from the Italian word meaning “to cut into”.
It’s the process in which ink is forced to fill lines cut into a metal surface usually by etching or engraving. Video #2 Wood cuts were seen as a "cheap imitations" that were only made by humble carpenters. The printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg made it possible to print
multiple pages of a book using the
same metal type over and over. This press could produce 3,600 pages per workday compared to the 40 hand-printed pages the monks got the carpenters to do. Eventually artists began to
recognize the value of printmaking applied to the production of Fine Art. and this is what we began to see..... They were also used for playing cards. Earliest artist to use intaglio to create
artworks was Martin Schongauer. Look at this!!!! Wood cut prints from Japan. Why would monasteries want to have
illustrations printed in bibles? Printmaking = produces originals

Printing = reproduces copies is printmaking the same as printing?? strong graphics and/or photographic qualities. LITHOGRAPHY or "LITHO" uses a simple chemical process to create an image which is drawn onto a piece of limestone or metal plate. Litho results in images with a wide tonal range similar to charcoal drawing. Renaissance-Albrecht Durer Wood cuts or Intaglio? Two centuries later Rembrandt mastered this technique..... Ukiyo-e "pictures of the floating world" Over time, printmaking became a very popular medium and new techniques were introduced, including......
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