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Child Labor and Globalization

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Sam B

on 14 October 2016

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Transcript of Child Labor and Globalization

Causes of Child Labor
In many developing countries, poverty and unemployment levels are high. This means that in order to support the family, everyone capable of working must do so. (Child Labor Public Education Project)
For some families, it is considered the tradition to work at a young age, and the most productive use of their time. (United Nations)
Child labor can even be taken advantage of in countries with laws against it because how difficult it is to monitor the production process by those who would enforce the law. (Child Labor Public Education Project)
Globalization's Role in Child Labor
As a developing country's exports gain value and are imported more frequently by other countries for a higher price, the amount of child labor in that developing country will go down as the salary increases. (Edmonds 4)
Globalization has helped fuel a disparity in wealth across the world, causing enormous increases in global poverty levels. This means that it is possible to say that globalization leads to child labor, because it a nearly unanimous view that poverty is a main cause of child labor. (Neumayer and Soysa 4)
Impact of Child Labor on Families and Communities
A person who grows up surrounded by child labor will put their children into the same environment and it will likely continue after them. (United Nations)
Child labor used to be seen as a way to give children a view into their future role in society and solidify their roles in the community. (Patel 1)
Where Does Child Labor Take Place?
Child labor occurs all over the world, especially in developing countries. The ten countries where child labor is most prevalent include:
1. Myanmar (Burma)
2. North Korea
3. Somalia
4. Sudan
5. Democratic Republic of the Congo
6. Zimbabwe
7. Afghanistan
8. Burundi
9. Pakistan
10. Ethiopia
(Business Insider)
Child Labor and Globalization
by Sam B
What Industries Use Child Labor?
Child labor can be found in dozens of industries:
Agriculture (chocolate and cotton)
Production of goods (soccer balls, rugs, rubber, clothing, electronics)
Services (construction, mining, human trafficking, domestic workers)

Companies known to use child labor:
Hershey
Wal-Mart
Nike
Armott's
Apple Inc.
Samsung
Victoria's Secret
(Child Labor Coalition)
How Much Do Child Laborers Earn, and How Long Do They Work?
Child laborers typically work for 12 or more hours per day, for no more than $0.20 each day.
(UNICEF)
What Groups are Trying to End Child Labor?
International Labor Organization
UNICEF
International Initiative to End Child Labor
ECPAT International
Save the children
Child Labor Coalition
Child Rights Information Network
ALTEN
Child Watch
Free the Children
The World Bank
HAQ
Child Workers in Asia
(United Nations Human Rights)
Works Cited
Clarke-Bennett, Robin, Carol Hodne, and Jennifer Sherer. "Causes of Child Labor." - The Child Labor Education Project. University of Iowa, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <https://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/causes.html>.

"Resources for Speakers, Global Issues, Africa, Ageing, Agriculture, Aids, Atomic Energy, Children, Climate Change, Culture, Decolonization, Demining, Development, Disabilities, Disarmament, Environment, Food, Governance, Humanitarian, Refugees, Women." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/briefingpapers/childlabour/>.

Edmonds, Eric V. Globalization and the Economics of Child Labor. Hanover: Dartmouth College, 2002. Dartmouth. Dartmouth College. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://www.dartmouth.edu/~eedmonds/nzzessay.pdf>.

Neumayer, Eric, and Indra Soysa. Trade Openness, Foreign Direct Investment and Child Labor. London: London School of Economics, 2006. LSE Research Online. London School of Economics, 2006. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/625/1/World_Dev_(child_labour).pdf>.

Patel, Bhavin. "The Effects of Child Labor on the Family in Asian Countries." Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law (2000): n. pag. LexisNexis. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <https://litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com/webcd/app?action=DocumentDisplay&crawlid=1&doctype=cite&docid=7+Tulsa+J.+Comp.+%26+Int%27l+L.+481&srctype=smi&srcid=3B15&key=47a0d3fd2642e1f1a8e64fef8c3ad824>.

McKenna, Luke. "Child Labor Is Making A Disturbing Resurgence Around The World." Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc, 06 Jan. 2012. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.businessinsider.com/countries-worst-child-labor-risks-2012-1?op=1>.

"Stopchildlabor." Stopchildlabor. National Consumer's League, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://stopchildlabor.org/>.

"Children Pay High Price for Cheap Labour." Children Pay High Price for Cheap Labour. UNICEF, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2014. <http://www.unicef.org/pon95/chil0016.html>.

"List of United Nations Agencies, Programmes, NGOs and Foundations Working on Contemporary Forms of Slavery." List of United Nations Agencies, Programmes, NGOs and Foundations Working on Contemporary Forms of Slavery. United Nations, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2014. <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Slavery/UNVTFCFS/Pages/SlaveryList.aspx>.
http://www.1800politics.com/gop-member-wants-bring-back-child-labor/
http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,2075859,00.html
http://www.shinebrighterblog.com/3-challenges-to-ending-child-labor/
http://fieldnotes.unicefusa.org/2008/06/world_day_against_child_labor.html
http://morethanshipping.com/child-labor-today-around-the-world/
http://matthew7-calabarzonrspcadmin.blogspot.com/2011/12/spectrum-of-neglect.html
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