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Plagiarism and Copyright

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Emmy Yu

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Plagiarism and Copyright

Plagiarism and Copyright
What is "Fair Use"
Fair use is defined as the use of copyrighted material that requires no permission or payment to the copyright owner.
The Purpose of "Fair Use"
Fair use is fundamental in stating that not all copying should be banned. It is recognized that there is a social importance to criticism, review, news, and education.
Video on left: J Reyez & Tommy C
English Remix of "Wedding Dress" by Taeyang
Video on right: Original music video of "Wedding Dress" by Taeyang
Video on left: "Barack Obama" parody of "Drop It Like It's Hot" by Snoop Dogg
Video on right: Original Song "Drop It Like It's Hot" by Snoop Dogg
Video on left: Travis Garland Cover/Remix of "Climax" by Usher
Video on right: Original song "Climax" by Usher
What is Plagiarism? What pertains as plagiarism?
Plagiarism is when someone takes someone else's work and makes it their own. This also includes thoughts and ideas.

Citing Books in MLA
What are your copyrights?
Laws for sound, music videos, and media:
If you create an original soundtrack, nobody can edit your work without your consent.
Nobody can play the music in public without your consent
Nobody can distribute your music, or sell/resell your music without your consent
TL;DR If you create your own original soundtrack, nobody can use it in any way without your consent
However, people may create a remix of your soundtrack.
Prudue University defines information as common knowledge if it is found in at least five creditable sources.
Citing Websites in MLA
Kapil Lad
Dakiya Banks
Samantha Guong Yarenzi Alatorre
Jonathan Aspiras
Emmy Yu

Works Cited
"Avoiding Common Knowledge Plagiarism." Avoiding Common Knowledge Plagiarism. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://library.csusm.edu/plagiarism/howtoavoid/how_avoid_common.htm>.

"Citing Sources ." Intentional & Unintentional Plagiarism. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <http://holyfamily.libguides.com/content.php?pid=113060&sid=1688232>.

"Consequences of Plagiarism." Plagiarism Checker. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <http://www.scanmyessay.com/plagiarism/consequences-of-plagiarism.php>.

"Copyright Basics." Copyright Basics. Web. 11 Sept. 2014. <http://www.arsny.com/basics.html>.

"Copyright Law of the United States | U.S. Copyright Office." Copyright Law of the United States | U.S. Copyright Office. Web. 11 Sept. 2014. <http://www.copyright.gov/title17/>.

"Copyright Registration Law and Your ArtPros and Cons of Registering Your Art." Copyright Information Art for Artists. Web. 11 Sept. 2014. <http://www.artbusiness.com/register_and_copyright_art_for_artists.html>.

"How to Avoid Plagiarism." WikiHow. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <http://www.wikihow.com/Avoid-Plagiarism>.

"Penn State University Libraries - Copyright and Plagiarism." Copyright and Plagiarism. Web. 11 Sept. 2014. <https://www.libraries.psu.edu/psul/lls/students/using_information.html>.

"What Is Fair Use?" Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center What Is Fair Use Comments. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/what-is-fair-use/>.

"What Is Copyright?" Arts Law :. Web. 11 Sept. 2014. <http://www.artslaw.com.au/legal/raw-law/what-is-copyright/>.

"EasyBib: The Free Automatic Bibliography Composer." EasyBib. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <http://www.easybib.com/reference/guide/mla/website>.

"Welcome to the Purdue OWL." Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/>.

There are many different types of plagiarism. Some examples include improper citations, paraphrasing multiple sources, and copying sentence structures.
What pertains to plagiarism?
Giving incorrect information about a quotation or failing to put a quote in quotation marks also constitutes as plagiarism.
However, the use of common knowledge is not considered plagiarism.
What is "Common Knowledge" ?
Examples of common knowledge include famous or well known dates, events, geographical areas, or names that the general audience already has previous knowledge of.
There is, however, debate over what constitutes as common knowledge as different people might have a different understanding of certain topics.
-For example, common sayings in one part of the world could be unknown to different areas or regions.
What constitutes as "Fair Use" ?
information used for nonprofit educational purposes
if there is no effect to the potential value or market of the copyrighted work
small excerpts of copyrighted work used for review or criticism
a parody or cover of a song used with no intent on profit.
Fair use is protected under the Copyright Act (title 17, U.S. code)
Does not violate copyright law because:
Video is a remix
Uses the same instrumental, but completely different lyrics, in another language
Remix video addresses the original version at the beginning of video with a link to the original version
Does not violate copyright law because:
Cover video addresses original composer and singer at the bottom of video description
Does not use all of same lyrics (the bridge is original).
Does not violate copyright law because:
It's a parody! (Obviously because it contains "Barack Obama")
Original lyrics
How to Avoid Plagiarism
Know what plagiarism is
Be familiar to what you are talking about or creating, for example, art work and films
Still cite your sources even if it is in own words, because you got the idea from someone else
unless your source is common knowledge , then you don't have to cite your source
Understand the copyright laws of your specific country
General Common Knowledge
: When information about someone or something that is public and well known, like political, military issues, or other important events.
Field-Specific Common Knowledge
: Something or someone that is common in a particular, specific field.
Consequences of Plagiarism
you get a 0 in your assignment
you could be suspended or expelled from the course
it ruins your reputation and you could be rejected from colleges or from a job
the original author can sue for stealing his or her work
if you are in a university with a grant, your funds can be pulled away
Plagiarism: Intentional or Unintentional
Unintentional Plagiarism
: When you fail to properly give credit to the original author that you got your information from
not citing your sources correctly
not paraphrasing correctly, etc.
Intentional Plagiarism
: When you know that you are taking another person's idea but you are careless about the consequences.
doing either or all the types of plagiarism
To correctly site an online image, the information must be written in the following order: last name and first name of the artist, title of the creation, date of creation, medium, and then the URL to the image.
In order to cite a website correctly, it must begin with the author's name, last name, and then first name. Next comes the article's title in quotation marks. Following the title is the website's name. Following in this particular order: the publisher, date it was published, and the date it was accessed should be listed. Then finally, the website URL itself.
Citing Images in MLA
Vollmer, Timothy. Fair Use: Its the Law. June 20, 2008. Photograph. Flickr. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/sixteenmilesofstring/2596569134/>

For Example:

Vollmer, Timothy. Fair Use: Its the Law. June 20, 2008. Photograph. Flickr. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/sixteenmilesofstring/2596569134/>

Ortiz, Rona. Students and Professors Respond to Plagiarism. 2014. Photograph. Coyote Chronicle. <http://coyotechronicle.net/students-and-professors-respond-to-plagiarism/>

Springshare. MLA Online Journal Article Citation Example. Digital image. Springshare, n.d. Web. <http://www.lib.uconn.edu/classwebimages/art/MLA_online_journal_citation.jpg>.

Washington State University Libraries. MLA format book citation. Digital image. Washington State University Libraries. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/sites/default/files/MLA-Books.gif>.


Taeyang-Wedding Dress MV. Perf. Taeyang. YGEntertainment, 2009. YouTube.

Climax-Travis Garland Remix-Usher. Perf. Travis Garland. 2012. YouTube.

President Barack Obama - Drop It Like It's Hot SPOOF. Iman Crosson "Bath Boys Comedy" Writers, 2013. YouTube.

Usher-Climax. Perf. Usher. 2012 RCA Records, a Division of Sony Music Entertainment, 2012. YouTube.

Taeyang-Wedding Dress Cover English Version. Perf. Tommy C and J-Reyez. Stolen Riches, 2010. YouTube.

Snoop Dogg - Drop It Like It's Hot Ft. Pharrell Williams. Perf. Pharrell Williams and Snoop Dog. 2004 Geffen Records, 2009. YouTube.
Bibliography Continued
Correctly citing a book is very simple. The order goes last name then first name of the author, title of the book, city it was published, the publisher's name, when this work was published, and lastly, the medium.
Common Knowledge
Why Plagiarize?
Plagiarism is not risk kids should be willing to take, the consequences are potentially too great and the aftermath even greater. Even if you get away with plagiarism, the temptation to continue to do it again will be greater and sooner or later you will get caught. When you do you will look like this:
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