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Informational Communication Technology as a Context

W1 - ELLT Presentation
by

Luis Soares

on 16 February 2011

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Transcript of Informational Communication Technology as a Context

Today we live in an environment where almost everything is interconnected and where the evidence suggests that the technological devices assume particular relevance in the understanding that we have of the world. Within this vast and ubiquitous technological world, information and communication technologies (ICTs) seem to lead the promotion of modernization and competitiveness in various sectors of society (Castells, 2001). The speed and amount of data transferred are among the factors contributing to the characterization of modern societies as highly technological, in particular in the West and some countries in Asia, i.e. China and Japan. Informational Communication Technology The literature review suggests the possibility of more than one role for technology in its relationship with society (Castells, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2009). On one side the possibility of technology is assumed as a consequence of the relationship between actors and artifacts (Bijker, Hughes & Pinch, 1987, 1992; Calon, 1987, Lator, 1987, 1988, 1993) or as a result of the interdependent relationship between various social actors (Orlikowsky, 1992, Russell & Williams, 2002). In another field emerge the theoretical assumptions that understand technology as the main force molding society by its nature justificatory (EU Information Society Forum, 2000), descriptive (Misa, 1988; Smith & Marx, 1994; Wyatt, 2008, Mackenzie & Wajcman, [1985] 1992; Freeman, 1987), methodology (Heilbroner, 1994 b; Hughes, 1983 1994, Edgerton, 1999) or normative (Bimber, 1994; Winner, 1977, 1986), embodying the so-called technological determinism (Sally Wyatt in Hackett et al., 2008). “[…] information and communication technologies today are penetrating every aspect of our lives at work, in civil society and in the home. Technology is a more immediate part of our lives, and the concerns and needs of the many kinds of user are more critical to successful innovation. At the same time many citizens are expressing a wish to be more closely involved in choices over technology. (Russell & Williams, 2002)” . These presences are becoming more pronounced, creating dependence that, on a first analysis, I consider critical. The technology, regardless of shape or be shaped, is an essential factor in our day, and we delegate on it, consciously or unconsciously, many of our functions and responsibilities and this is the fact that leads me to question whether this technological omnipresence by itself can characterize contemporary. Therefore, I would consider a deeper reflection on the role played by technology/ICTs nowadays, settling this reflection on the possibility of technology/ICTs becoming the specific context of contemporary, expressed through its ubiquitous character Some research reveals that within organizations there remain ambiguities regarding the introduction, appropriation and implementation of technology; repercussions that result from the organizational change in order to try find better solutions to increase productivity through technological innovation. For these reasons, it is important to focus our attention on technology as the specific context of today, seeking to deepen our knowledge about its role. Which is the role of the ICT within society?
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