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Transcript of New Zealand
Location & Geography
is an island country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is comprised of two main landmasses, the North Island & South Island and numerous smaller islands.
Because of its remoteness, it was one of the
last lands to be settled by humans. Because
of its isolation it developed a distinctive biodiversity of animals.
Its primary geographical features are its magnificent landscapes and coastline. Its
highest mountain is
has a height of 12,316 ft. Another famous sight
, which is located in the west coast of the southern island, are the
, which are rocks that resemble giant
stacks of hotcakes.
New Zealand's Capital City is Wellington, which located in the southern part of the North Island. However, its most populous city is the city of
, with a population of more than 1.5 million people.
The majority of New Zealand's population is of European descent; the indigenous
are the largest minority, followed by the asians and Pacific Islanders.
New Zealand's Language
English, Maori and New Zealand Sign Language are the official languages, with English being predominant.
The Maori language is considered a national taonga (treasure) and is spoken by around 23% of New Zealanders. The Language is undergoing a revival with initiatives like Maori Language Week and Maori language schools.
Some Maori Expressions:
Kia ora - Hello! / Thank you
Hei kona ra - Goodbye (less formal)
Nau Mai - Welcome! Come!
Tena Koe - Greetings to you (said to one person)
Tena Koutou - Greetings to you (said to three or more people)
Kei Hea te wharepaku? - Where is the toilet?
Preparing For Travel
Climate and Clothing
New Zealand has 4 Seasons
(Septmber, October, November)
-Summer (December, January, February)
-Autumn (March, April, May)
-Winter (June, July, August)
New Zealand has mild temperatures, moderately high rainfall and high sunshine hours throughout most of the country.
If one were to come to New Zealand in may, it would be autumn.
Suggested clothing to bring would be:
- Warm woolen clothing
_ Rain jacket
. hats and scarves
- Long pants
- Thermal undergarments
Customs and Cultures
- Open gifts upon receipt
- Bring your host a gift
-Wait for a woman to extend
her hand for a handshake first
-Bring your own beer if invited
to a barbecue.
- Understand that the word
" kiwi " is not an offensive name
when referring New Zealanders
- Be punctual or "on time"
- Say thank you
- Make the " V for Victory"
- Confuse New Zealanders
- Food until it has been
blessed in Maori
- Wrap your
gifts in red
. Red is
a taboo color in New Zealand.
- Touch the head and hairs of others, especially a chief, which are particularly taboo or sacred; to touch a man's
head is a gross insult.
New Zealand cuisine is largely
driven by fresh and local ingredients and seasonal variations.
Like other Polynesian people, Maori cooked their food in ovens, known in New Zealand as
, which is a traditional method of cooking food using heated rocks buried in a pit oven, and is still being used today.
Over time, the Kiwi's cuisine changed as travelers from other countries traveled to New Zealand. The island's cuisine expanded to include Thai, Japanese, Malaysian, Vietnamese and regional fare.
The maori also refer to themselves as " kiwis"
created fusion cuisine, which combines the best local ingredients with a new approach to cooking that is heavily influenced by Pacific Rim culture, New Zealand's gastronomic reputation and fusion cuisine are now synonymous, and many Kiwi chefs' innovative ideas have been exported throughout the world.
New Zealand's unit of currency is the New Zealand dollar (NZ$). Coins have values of 10, 20 and 50 cents and $1 and 2$. Notes have a value of $5, $10,
, $50, $100.
Banks are open from 9:30am to 4:30 Monday to Friday. ATM are widely availale at banks, along main shopping streets and in malls. International credit cards and ATM cards will work as long as they have a four-digit PIN encoded,
The current exchange rate of Canadian dollar with New Zealand dollar is currently 1.12.
All foods and services are subject to a 15% Goods and Service Tax (GST) included in the display price.
This is a general guide of what you can expect in New Zealand for a few common items:
- A hotel breakfast NZ $10 - $25
- Lunch snack/sandwich NZ $5 - $10
- A postcard stamp to anywhere abroad NZ $1.50
- Big Mac Hamburger NZ $4.45
New Zealanders do not expect tips for normal service, even in restaurants and bars. However, tipping for extra special service or kindness is at the discretion of the visitor.
If you are visiting New Zealand, you should apply for a visitor visa before you come to New Zealand if you are not from a visa-waiver country. Applying for a visitor visa will require you to provide:
- 1 recent professional passport-type photograph.
- a copy of your round trip airline tickets, or itinerary or e-ticket, or letter of confirmation from a travel agent.
- a copy of the applicants recent bank statement
- a chest X-ray report for those intending to stay for more than 6 months but less than 12 months.
- a clear enlarged copy of driver's license.
The required vaccinations are the Routine vaccinations and vaccinations for Hepatitis A & Hepatitis B.
Things To Do In New Zealand
The Sky Tower
Located in the city of Auckland, it is the tallest man-made structure in New Zealand, standing at 328 metres.
One can either relax with a coffee or light refreshments at the Sky Lounge or Dine at the Orbit, Auckland's only 360-degree revolving restaurant.
Cost of Single entries are:
- Adult $28.00
- Child (6-14 yrs) - $11.00
- Children under 5 yrs - Free
- Senior Citizens, Backpackers, Students (valid ID required) - $18.00
All children are required to be accompanied by an
Lake Rotorua Cruise
It is the second largest lake in the north island of New Zealand by surface area. One can relax on board a stern wheel paddle boat while watching the gorgeous scenery and savoring the fine food with their special someone or just
just by themselves, which is fine too.
The Dinner Cruise on board the Lakeland Queen will cost:
- Adults -NZ$59.00
- Children - NZ$2.00 (multiplied by child's age)
This small coastal town on South Island is a haven for seafood lovers. You can spot
, dolphins, sperm whales and
off the shore, or indulge in a feast of crayfish, mussels, blue cod and more. Kaikoura is a popular tourist destination, mainly for whale watching and swimming with or near dolphins.
The cost of whale watching in kaikoura are:
- Adult NZ $145.00
- Child (3-15yrs inclusive) NZ $60.00
The Whale Watch tour features up-close encounters with the worlds largest toothed predator, the Giant Sperm Whale, in their natural environment, which has a 95% success rate. they also guarantee an 80% refund of the tour does not see a whale
Succulent and tender,
is a kiwi
favorite. New Zealand lamb is held in high esteem
throughout the world and is one of the country's top export meats. Best enjoyed flavoured with rosemary and plenty of seasonal veggies, roast lamb is a meal that is sure to impress.
By: Charlo Calma