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Figures and Faces
Transcript of Figures and Faces
Proportions of the Human Figure
Leonardo Da Vinci
Proportions of the Human Face
The Human Eye
We measure the human body in heads.
The human figure is between 7 and 8 heads high.
Shoulder to shoulder is 3 head widths.
Shoulder to elbow is the same length as elbow to wrist.
Wooden Lay Figure Drawing
Wooden Lay Figure Painting
1. Collect a palette and
primary colours (e.g. blue and yellow).
2. In the
colour and show a gradual change of tone from
dark to light
3. For the
start with one colour one side and
mix your paint
to gradually end with the other colour at the other end.
1. Draw outline of face, neck and shoulders-
check width and shape of shoulders.
This MUST be full page!
2. Add the features of your face,
use guide lines to help you get the correct position.
3. Add hair and your shirt and tie.
4. Rub drawing out!
Only the lightest of images to be left.
Drawing your portrait on A3 paper ready for painting.
Painting your Portrait.
Have your photo taken!
Choose your colours for your face and clothes.
for your background.
Paint the background by changing the tones from dark to light.
Use a view finder to
choose a section
of your figure drawing.
your section to fill the A5 piece of paper you have been given.
Your drawing MUST be
light and faint
, use as few pencil marks as possible.
Rub your drawing out!
Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972), usually referred to as M. C. Escher, was a Dutch graphic artist. He is known for his mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and drawings.
A lithograph is where the artist draws onto a polished stone using a special, waxy lithographic crayon, pen or pencil. The artist then rolls black ink over the stone, the ink sticks to the wax, not to the stone. Then the stone is pressed onto paper to print the image.
René Magritte (1898-1967) was a Belgian Surrealist painter. Surrealism is an art movement that paint strange dream like things. He explored ways of creating a disturbing effect by painting recognisable objects in alien settings. By combining different objects and changing the scale of objects.
Chuck Close is an American artist born in 1940.
He suffers from Prosopagnosia, also known as face blindness, in which he is unable to recognise faces.
He creates his paintings by using a grid. He puts a grid on the photo and on the canvas and copies cell by cell.
He does the whole face or sections, using a brush, fingerprints or a stamp.
1. Draw a light line down the centre of your page.
2. Draw light dashed lines across your page every 3cm down from the top (you will have 9 lines).
3. The first section at the top is for your title - Wooden Lay figure and the date.
4. The figure will fill the next 8 sections.
The head the first section
head and chest first 1/4
body finishes 1/2 way down
knees to 3/4 way down
feet on bottom line
5. Carefully and accurately copy the shapes and details from the wooden figure.
6. Carefully add pencil tones to show the form of the figure.
Create form by blending your colours from
dark to light.
by carefully blending tones.
Paint the background-
- needs to be darker at the top and blend smoothly to a lighter shade at the bottom.
needs to show texture as in the demonstration.
Finish adding tones to your wooden lay figure drawing. Carefully blending tones from dark to light to make your drawing appear 3D.
Make a careful copy of a portrait photo of yourself, someone you know or a famous person. In light line only. Check proportions and shapes of features.
Add tones to your portrait drawing. Add hair, use your pencil in strokes to create texture.
Create a cartoon/manga drawing of yourself or someone else. Just the face or whole person, must be your idea, not a copy.
Manga - Japanese cartoon, manga can be translated as "whimsical drawings".
Leonardo Da Vici (1452 -1519) was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, botanist, and writer.
He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
The Vitruvian Man is a drawing created by Leonardo da Vinci, 1487. It is accompanied by notes based on the work of the architect, Vitruvius. The drawing is of a male figure in two superimposed positions with his arms and legs apart and simultaneously inscribed in a circle and square. The drawing and text are sometimes called the Proportions of Man.
How to draw a face
How to draw an eye
Accurately draw the wooden lay figure
Control tone to create the 3D form
Knowledge of the proportions of the human figure
To have completed a drawing of the wooden lay figure that has correct proportions and demonstrates the ability to use tone to create form.
Know how to enlarge a section of a drawing.
Learn how to mix and control water colour paints.
Be able to smoothly blend paint to create form.
Water colour painting of an enlarged section of your figure drawing.
Paint carefully mixed and blended to create effect of form and 3D space.
To know about Chuck Close's paintings.
To be able to create tones and shades when finger painting.
To be able to draw a portrait, knowing the proportions of a face.
To create a self portrait painting in proportion and with the form of the face evident through the use of tones and shades.
Draw 2 rectangles - 10cm by 3cm.
Blend from a primary colour to a secondary colour.
Blend from a dark colour to light by adding water.
Amount of paint used
Lights to darks -
Density of finger marks
Colour and shades mixed
Draw two rectangles, measuring 4cm by 15cm.
Title - Chuck Close
Write 3 sentences about Chuck Close and his paintings.