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MODALS OF OFFER

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Mimi Mousee

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of MODALS OF OFFER

MODALS OF OFFER
give
meet
go
apologise
VOCABULARY
Leave
snacks
Fun
argue
answer
ask
attend
Speeches
Gift
guests
anything
Crowded
EXAMPLE


AFFIRMATIVE

She could dance in the party
I could play soccer in the park

NEGATIVE

She could not eat snack in the party
He could not sing its music favorite

QUESTIONS?

Could I go to the party?
Could He eat snack in house?

Conclusion
The conclusion of the matter is that usually uses several different manners as the count that corresponds to the verb equivalent to and as we have seen these are the usual ways of talking with the manners watched

Be able to
Use of Be able to
Be able to is not a modal auxiliary verb. We include it here for convenience, because it is often used like "can" and "could", which are modal auxiliary verbs.

DIFFERENCES CAN, COULD AND WILL
"Can" expresses ability, possibility and permission. Normally its translation would be "power." in the case of "Could" is also used to talk about actions that are possible now or in the future. In these cases the meaning is like might, could, might, etc., and in the will is used to make predictions in the future to ask for help or offer and to discuss unplanned actions.
MODAL WILL
As we have seen , we use "will" to form the future tense .
Also the use of "will" means will or determination.
BRING
MODAL OFFER
COULD
The verb 'Could' express little likelihood or conditionality. This modal is to offer to do something.

It means:

I could - would /could /might /could.


Affirmative

Pronoun + could + verb + complement

Negative

Pronoun + could not / couldn´t + verb+ complement

Question

Could + Pronoun + verb + complement + ?

STRUCTURES
Could is very formal compared to can for example:


Can I borrow your car? (informal)
Could I borrow your car? (formal).

COULD & CAN
Structure of Can

WHAT ARE MODALS ?
Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that can not function as a main verb , unlike auxiliary verbs "be" , "do" and "have" who can function as a main verb.
Modal verbs express modality. They can express ability , possibility, necessity or other status. Auxiliary verbs are the future and the conditional. The English tenses are not enough to express ideas of possibility or uncertainty.
+ FORM
SUBJECT + VERB + WILL + REST OF SENTENCE .

I will go to the university.
Yo iré a la universidad.

- FORM
NEGATIVE : To form the negative we have to deny the modal 'will' . It is also important to note that the negative contracted form is ' will not ' .
 
SUBJECT + VERB + WILL + REST OF SENTENCE .
 
 
I will not go to college.
I will not go to the university .
INTERROGATIVE : To form the interrogative we must reverse the modal 'will' and the subject.


WILL + SUBJECT + VERB + REST OF SENTENCE .

Remember that the contracted form of 'will' is different ( ' ll ) . In addition, the contracted form can only be used with personal pronouns.



He 's going to college .
He'll go to the university .
As in the affirmative , we can find the complete form (will not ) or the contracted form (won’t )




I won't go to the university.
Yo no iré a la universidad.

Although we look at be able to here, it is not a modal verb. It is simply the verb be plus an adjective (able) followed by the infinitive. We look at be able to here because we sometimes use it instead of can and could.
We use be able to: to talk about ability
The structure of be able to is: subject + be + able + infinitive

in party
Soft
LOUD
CAPACITY:
CAN,COULD
BE ABBLE TO


Subject
+

simple present,
simple past,
simple future,
simple conditional,
present perfect
+
be abble to
+
complement
SIMPLE PRESENT
I can read in English = I am able to read in
Puedo leer

SIMPLE PAST
I could read in English = I was able to read in English
Podia leer en ingles.

EXAMPLES:

SIMPLE FUTURE
I will be able to read in English
I will can read in English
Podré leer

EXAMPLES
SIMPLE CONDITIONAL
I would be able to read in English
I would can read in English

Podría leer en inglés.

PRESENT PERFECT
I have been able to read in English
I have can read in English

He podido leer en ingles


MAY,MIGHT
(permission, posibility, suggetion, deduction)

MAY
Affirmative:
Sujbect + may + verb(infinitive form)+ complement
I may finish tomorrow
Puede que termine mañana (quizá)
Negative:
Subject + may + not +verb (infinitive form) + complement
He may not be right
Quizá él no tenga razón

Interrogative
May + sujbject + verb (infinitive form) + complement?
May I ask you a question?
¿Podría hacerle un pregunta

Might
Affirmative:
Subject+ might+ verb(present)+complement
They might be waiting for us at the station.
Podrían estar esperándonos en la estación.
Negative
:
subject+ might+ not+ verb (in present)+complement

We might not know everything.
Puede que no sepamos todo.
Interrogative:

Might+Subject+verb in present+complement?
Might I give you a piece of advice?

Podria darte un cosejo

Would you mind go again?
I would attend a party

OFFERING: CAN, COULD, SHALL, WILL, WOULD

Shall I guest you With The suitcase?
. NEED: MUST, NEED
• You must leave the apple
• Where must (never need) I answer it?

REQUEST: CAN, COULD, MAY, WILL, WOULD
Obligation and TIP: MUST, NEED, OUGHT, SHALL, SHOULD
• You must stop smoking (is necessary)
• You should stop smoking (is advice)
• I oughtn't to loud the ,music
• He should loud don't the music

I ought to pass his fun test

• I Should bring early the month the fish

11. HABIT OR CUSTOM: USED, WILL, WOULD


I Used to bring cigaretles: now I bring a pipe.

PROBABILITY: OUGHT, SHOULD
PROBABILITY: OUGHT, SHOULD
MODALS
Modal verbs are used to convey the speaker's intention or opinion about the action indicated by the main verb.

Modals of offer - Can
"Can" is one of the most commonly used modal verbs in English. It can be used to express ability or opportunity, to request or offer permission, and to show possibility or impossibility
Using "Can" in Present, Past, and Future
Most modal verbs behave quite irregularly in the past and the future. Study the chart below to learn how "can" behaves in different contexts.

Subject + Can + Verb Present + Complement
The main verb is always the bare infinitive (infinitive without "to").

CAN
Indica posibilidad física y habilidad (física o intelectual):
• I’ve got the keys. I can enter the house any time.
She can speak five languages
• Se usa también cuando pedimos algo:
Can I have the salt, please?
• cuando nos ofrecemos para ayudar:
I can do your shopping for you.



• I could speak Italian if I studied it. (Podría hablar italiano si lo estudiara)

• También se utiliza para pedir algo y da más formalidad a la petición:
Could I have the salt, please?

COULD
Es la forma de pasado de can, a la idea de posibilidad le añade un aspecto más remoto o sujetoa alguna condición:
WILL
Se utiliza para pedir favores:

Will you close the window, please? (¿Quieres cerrar la ventana, por favor?)

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