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Transcript of Shakespeare Introduction
Who was this guy?
Born April 26 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon
His parents were John Shakespeare (glover)
and Mary Arden (daughter of rich farmer)
He was the third of eight children
When he was 18, Shakespeare married
26-year-old Anne Hathaway.
They would go on to have many children, but
by the time of Shakespeare's death only two daughters survived.
Where he lived...
William Shakespeare died April 23, 1616
Did he really write all those plays?
Did he really write all those plays?
The majority of scholars say yes.
However, there are some that say
there is no way someone like Shakespeare
could have written all of that.
Other possible authors such as Francis Bacon,
Christopher Marlow, and various royalty have
been proposed as possible candidates.
a character’s remark, either to the audience or to another character, that others on the stage are not supposed to hear. Purpose: to reveal characters’ private thoughts. Indicated by stage direction.
speech that a character gives when he or she is alone on stage. Its purpose is to reveal inner feelings, but not talking to anyone in particular.
poetry written in unrhymed
lines of iambic pentameter
two syllable foot in poetry where
the first syllable is unstressed
and the 2nd syllable is stressed
Think: ba dum ba dum ba dum ba dum
I'd like to go and have a cup of tea.
Some helpful basic words to know:
An = if
Ay = yes
Coz = cousin
Doth = does
Thee = you
Thine = your
Thou art = you are
Thou wert =you were
‘tis =it is
What the word “thee” meant in the 1500-1600’s:
English used to have two words for you – formal and informal
Formal = you
Informal = thee
So, you’re just talking to your friends in an informal way
The Globe Theatre
Opened in 1599
Rebuilt in 1614
Closed in 1642
"But pardon, and gentles all,
The flat unraised spirits that have dared
On this unworthy scaffold to bring forth
So great an object: can this cockpit° hold
The vasty fields of France? or may we cram
Within this wooden O the very casques°
That did affright the air at Agincourt°?"
Romeo and Juliet
The oldest version of Romeo and Juliet can be
traced to 5th Century AD. This is from a story called called Ephesiaca by Xenophon of Ephesus.
However, the most likely resource for Shakespeare was The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Iuliet written by Arthur Brooke in 1562.
Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;
Whose misadventured piteous overthrows
Do with their death bury their parents' strife.
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,
And the continuance of their parents' rage,
Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,
Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;
The which if you with patient ears attend,
What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.
Shakespeare's Vocabulary (aka why Shakespeare is a boss)
- Most English speakers have 4,000 words in their vocabulary.
Shakespeare had around 29,000 words.
-Between 10,000 and 12,000 new words were added to English during the 16th century
-Shakespeare had the largest vocabulary of any writer
-He loved to turn nouns into verbs (ex. chair to chairing)
In the beautiful city of Verona, where our story takes place, a long-standing hatred between two families erupts into new violence, and citizens stain their hands with the blood of their fellow citizens. Two unlucky children of these enemy families become lovers and commit suicide. Their unfortunate deaths put an end to their parents' feud. For the next two hours, we will watch the story of their doomed love and their parents' anger, which nothing but the children’s deaths could stop. If you listen to us patiently, we’ll make up for everything we’ve left out in this prologue onstage.
How were the plays prepared?
Shakespeare did most of his work from 1589-1613.
Lord Chamberlain's Men
Who were the actors?