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The Federal Court System
Transcript of The Federal Court System
- court in which a dispute is first heard.
- Has original jurisdiction and renders a verdict.
- reviews decisions of lower courts when a party claims an error of law was made.
- affirm (uphold), reverse (over-turn), amend (change), or remand (sent back to the trial court for corrective action or new trial).
1. Federal District Courts
- lowest level of federal court (trial court of the federal system)
- federal questions
- diversity of citizenship
3. United States Supreme Court
- both original and appellate jurisdiction
- original = cases in which the government is a party.
- appellate = writ of certiorari (order compelling lower court to turn over the record of the case)
State courts with specialized or limited jurisdiction:
2. Federal Courts of Appeal
- district courts, certain specialized federal courts, and most federal administrative agencies
The Dual Court System
Trial Courts and Appellate Courts
FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM
3 levels with general jurisdiction
CANNOT CHANGE THE FACTUAL determinations OF A JURY
12 circuit courts and 1 for the "federal circuit"
- lifetime appointment
1. Associate Circuit Courts
- aka county courts
- minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses, lawsuits less than $25,000
2. City or Municipal Courts
- aka misdemeanor court
- offenses that occur within city limits
- 2 areas = traffic and nontraffic divisions
3. Small Claims Courts
- handle disputes less than $2,500
4. Juvenile Courts
- handle cases involving minors
5. Family Court
- Typical handles divorce and custody issues
6. Probate Court
- handles probate and estate issues
CANVAS Exit Slip (probate lawyers)
Canvas exit slip
Federal Court System Overview (Canvas)
How are disputes resolved?
1. Litigate (litigation) - allow the court to settle the dispute.
2. Mediator (mediation) or Arbitrator (arbitration) - alternative to going to court.
Canvas Exit Slip
Indiana Supreme Court (Canvas)