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How has hockey evolved since it was created?
Transcript of How has hockey evolved since it was created?
Early rule change timeline
How have sticks changed?
Patrick Roy being awesome
Over time goaltending pads have changed drastically. Originally, goalie pads were made with leather on the outside and were stuffed with straw or horsehair on the inside. At the time this helped goalies as they played stand up which means they didn't fall to the ice to make saves (in fact goalies weren't allowed to fall to the ice to make a save until 1917). Modern goaltending equipment is made out of hydrophobic synthetic leather with nylon on the outside. The inside of the pads consists of dense closed cell foams and plastics. This incorporates the way modern goalies play which is butterfly. ( Populaized by Patrick Roy) These pads are much smoother and slide on the ice a lot easier. Previously, goalie pads were so bulky and hard to move in that goalies would have to wear the pads a lot smaller. Now the goalie pads are easier to move in so goalies are free to wear them a lot bigger. Now there are restrictions on the sizes of gear because in the early 2000's goalies started wearing very large sholder pads, pants, blockers, and even their pads. Overall I think goalie gear has changed drastically in the past hundred years.
How have goalie pads changed?
When hockey was first created the sticks they used were not curved and were made of wood. Unlike the hockey sticks of today that are made of carbon fiber and can have crazy curves. Originally, hockey players played with straight blades that weren't the most accurate. Now the curved blades help make shots more accurate. The creators of the curved stick were Chicago Blackhawks forwards Stan Mikita and Bobby Hull. The story of the first curved hockey stick seems to be that Stan Mikita and Bobby Hull were taking extra shots after practice one day and Stan's blade cracked and curved. After that Stan and Bobby found that their shots were more accurate and the puck behaved more accurately. It was then that Stan and Bobby began asking their stick companies to have the sticks curved when they were made.
Previously, hockey sticks were made of wood. Today, sticks are made out of fiberglass or carbon fiber. Fiberglass and Carbon fiber are much more usefull nowadays because they don't snap as easily as wooden sticks. Fiberglass sticks also flex more which causes a harder, faster shot. Now you can get sticks with different amounts of flex. I use a 50 flex. Most NHLers could snap that in one shot. Some NHLers have such hard shots that they can get huge amounts of flex. In the past hundred years hockey sticks have gone from a wooden stick produced with slight variations by several companies to present day having many different flex amounts and different material and curves.
When most people think about a hockey rink they think about two blue lines and the centre line. Those lines didn't always exist. In 1918, two lines were painted on the ice twenty feet from centre. This created three zones of play: The neutral, offensive, and defensive zone. You have probably seen a goalie play the puck in a hockey game. Did you know goalies are actually restricted to a certain area where they are allowed to play the puck. They are restricted to their crease and the diagonal lines behind the net. In hockey, when the play is stopped there is a faceoff at the nearest face-off dot. If a goal is scored or if it is the beginning of a period the faceoff is at centre ice. If the puck is covered by the goalie there is a face-off on the side that the puck was covered on. If the call is icing then there is a face-off in the team that iced the puck's end, on the side the puck was iced on.
How has the style of play changed?
Since hockey was first created, there have been many factors that have changed the way the game is played. Over time the basic gear has evolved from almost nothing to full padded protection, changing the way parts of the game developed. Originally, blocking a shot would have been very difficult and painful because of the lack of protective gear. In this situation it would probably not be the stars of a team blocking shots. Hitting was also very different in the past because of the gear being much softer, that meant the hits were also much less intense. A third difference is shooting. Shots are now much harder and more accurate because of the changes in sticks. Finally, the last difference is the development, evolution and addition to the spectrum of gear that has become available since hockey first began and over this span of time, how hockey gear has also become much lighter and flexible.
In conclusion, hockey has evolved in many ways. From every rule amendment, equipment development and evolution of the ice appearance, together this impact has changed the face of how hockey is played and what is has become today.
Originally goalies could play the puck all the way to the red line apparently Patrick Roy didn't know this!
This is from Razulu's street which is a sports website.
1910-11 - Game changed from two 30-minute periods to three 20-minute periods.
1911-12 - National Hockey Association (forerunner of the NHL) originated six-man hockey, replacing seven- man game.
1917-18 - Goalies permitted to fall to the ice to make saves. Previously a goaltender was penalized for dropping to the ice.
1918-19 - Penalty rules amended. For minor fouls, substitutes not allowed until penalized player had served three minutes. For major fouls, no substitutes for five minutes. For match fouls, no substitutes allowed for the remainder of the game. With the addition of two lines painted on the ice twenty feet from center, three playing zones were created, producing a forty-foot neutral center ice area in which forward passing was permitted. Kicking the puck was permitted in this neutral zone. Tabulation of assists began.
1921-22 - Goaltenders allowed to pass the puck forward up to their own blue line. Overtime limited to twenty minutes. Minor penalties changed from three minutes to two minutes.
The reason I chose this topic is because I really love hockey and I wanted to learn more about it's origin. So I hope you enjoy my inquiry project on Hockey.
Shaun Majumder as his alter ego Raj Binder.