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PRECOLONIAL PERIOD

angelique porciuncula
by

Angelo Porciuncula

on 11 November 2012

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Transcript of PRECOLONIAL PERIOD

BY GROUP 1 PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS FOLK SONGS Myths Folk Tales Pre-Colonial Philippines Timeline 250 000 BC
Ice Age Middle Pleistocene
Period 22 000 BC Old
Stone Age
Paleolithic Period 25 000 BC Old
Stone Age
Paleolithic Period 5 000 BC to
3 000 BC
New Stone Age
Neolithic Age 3 000 BC to 1 000 BC
New Stone Age
Neolithic Age 4 000 BC to
2 000 BC 200 BC 200 BC to1000
AD Iron Age 900 to 1200 1200 1000 to 1200
Porcelain Age 1200 to 1300 1380 1377 to 1478 1450 1475 in Pangasinan Cagayan Valley the first man came to the Philippines
called the Dawn Man The Negritos walked the
lands of the Philippines
through Malay Peninsula,
Borneo, and the land bridges.
They settled in caves. Tabon Man lived in the
Tabon Cave in Palawan In the Philippines Sea faring Malays from what is today Indonesia came to the archipelago and The Negritos began to move out of caves and settle in a scattered manner along the coasts and rivers. Austronesian groups
descended from Yunnan
Plateau in China and settled
in what is now the Philippines
by sailing using balangays
or by traversing land bridges
coming from Taiwan. A second wave of Malay immigrants
arrives in the Philippines by sea.
Each of their ships accommodated
one small clan. Such a shipload of
people was called a barangay. More civilized Malays
in large numbers migrated to the Philippines Artistry began in the
Philippines in all aspects of life and work. Jewelry
made of clay, stones and shells were developed.
Body tattooing and other forms of body art were
also developed by the Malays In southern Philippines
another group of
immigrants came to the
Philippines from Southern
Annam. Known as Orang
Dampuans or Men form
Champa, they established
trading posts in Sulu, resulting
in a flourishing trade
between Sulu and Southern Annam. Trading began extensively
with Arabia, India, Annan,
China and later with the
Europeans. Porcelains
from different Chinese
dynasties are imported. The Orang Dampuans
returnedto Sulu to
trade peacefully
with the natives. Malays from Borneo
spread into the
Southern Philippines. The Hindu empire of Majapahit
on Java gains influence
over parts of the
Philippine islands. Islam reaches the Southern
Philippines via Borneo.
In Islamic areas, slavery is
widely replaced by head-hunting. The Muslim sultanate
of Jolo is established
on the islands between
Borneo and Mindanao. The Muslim sultanate of
Maguindanao is
founded on Mindanao. Islam spreads throughout
the archipelago and even
reaches Central Luzon. 1500 April 14, 1521 March 16, 1521 The Kingdom of Brunei
under Sultan Bolkiah
attacked the kingdom of
Tondo and established a
city with the Malay name
of Selurong (later Manila). Magellan arrives in Cebu. Magellan planted a cross
and left
the Santo Niño with
the wife
of Humabon. April 27, 1521 Magellan dies
in the Battle of
Mactan in cebu Magtoto, Lady Desierto, Krishna Porciuncula, Angelique Based on oral tradition Crude on ideology and phraseology Literary forms Riddles Riddles are a battle of intelligences
among participants. Based on oral traditions Oral Literature It involves references to one or
two images that symbolize the
characteristics of an unknown
object that will be guessed. Example:
Kung di ukol Di bubukol

Kung sino’ng pumutak
ay siyang nanganak Riddle in different Region:
Tigmo in Cebuano
Bugtong in Tagalog
Paktakon in Ilongo
Patotdon in Bicol Poverbs It is also known as Salawikain and Sawikain It is a short poem that have been customarily
used and served as laws or rules by our ancestors. Salawikain are sayings in
a traditional Filipino culture
and wisdom Allegories or parables that
impart lessons for the young. This is often expressing single idea,
that is usually satirical and has a
entertaining end. This is also a wise saying
that contains a metaphor
used as a teaching. Ikaw ang nagnanakaw ng bigas ko
Lumuwa sana ang mga mata mo
Mamaga sana ang katawan mo
Patayin ka ng mga anito Duplo is a verbal jousts or games Chants In Tagalog these are the Bulong This is used during the ancient times for
witchcraft or enchantment. Example:

Sa hinaba-haba ng prusisyon
Sa simbahan din pala ang tuloy

hele hele
bago kyeme Example Sayings Much Known
as Kasabihan Used in teasing or to
comment on a
persons actions. ExampleNag-almusal magi-isa,Kaninang lamig, tinapa;Nahulog ang kutsara…Ikaw na sana, Sinta. Bayok this is a form of
literature about love. Poetry Other words for poetry
is Tanaga. Expresses a view or
value of the world. Sa sermon umalulongNg dasal at orasyonNang walang sumang-ayonNaghamong magpakulong! This expresses the hope and aspirations,
the people’s lifestyles as well as they
show their affections to one another. This is
often repeated, naïve and loud. Hele or oyayi Lullaby Subli dance- ritual song of
courtship/ marriage Ambahan This came
from Mangyans Songs about a childhood
and hospitality This is same as Tanagan.
It also has a 7 syllable per
line poem that are about the
human relationships and
social entertainment. Mambayu kalinga rice
pounding song Kalusan This came from
the Ivatan Work of songs that portray
the livelihood of the
people in the area. Komintang war song Kundiman melancholic
love song Harana serenade Tagay This originated from
Cebuano and Waray For them this is a basically
a drinking song. Kanogan this came from
Cebuano A song of mourning
for the dead. a tale that
involves the gods. Religious stories explaining how the
world and humanity developed. Legends stories of some wonderful events popularly believed to have some
historical basis and being passed
down through ages. Fables A short narrative that revolves
around a particular moral lessons. Fantastic Stories In most fables animals are
the usual heroes in the story. these stories deals with the
unusual things that are happening
and the underworld that nobody
knows if it exists or not. Epics A long narrative poems in
which series of heroic
achievements or events This is usually sung
or chanted by the ancient
Filipinos during harvests,
weddings or funerals. REFERENCES:Granner, Robert C. and Stern, Malcom E. (1985). Literature: purple level. United States MCDougal, Little and Company.Kahayon, Alicia H. and Zulueta, Celia A. (2000). Philippine literature: through the years. Pasig City: National Book Store(2012, November 10). Early Filipinos-Inhabitants of the Island, The first Filipinos. Retrieved November 10, 2012 from http://www.philippine-history.org/early-filipinos.htmlVictoria University of Wellington. (2004, March 22). Timeline of the history of the Philippines. Retrieved November 12, 2012 from http://www.philippines-timeline.com/Agoncillo, T. (2008). A history of the Filipino people. Quezon City, Philippines: Garo Tech Books, Inc.( 2012, November 10) brief history. Retrieved from November 10, 2012 from http://lourdesbraceros.weebly.com/a-brief-history-of-philippine-literature-in-english.html ( 2012, November 10) brief history. Retrieved from November 10, 2012 from http://arjaytheteacher.blogspot.com/2009/01/philippine-pre-colonial-literature.html ( 2012, November 10) brief history. Retrieved from November 10, 2012 from http://www.slideshare.net/itsebo/pre-colonial-philippine-literature( 2012, November 10) brief history. Retrieved from November 10, 2012 from www.http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Ambahanhttp://tagaloglang.com/Philippine-Literature/Filipino-Epics/mga-epiko-ng-pilipinas.html( 2012, November 10) brief history. Retrieved from November 10, 2012 from http://www.camperspoint.com/spip.php?article227Pre-colonial LiteratureThelma V. VillafloresPhilippine Literature: A History and Anthology by Bienvenido Lumbrera and Cynthia Nograles Lumbrera (1997)( 2012, November 10) brief history. Retrieved from November 10, 2012 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/36510088/Philippine-Literary-Periods
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