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Traditional Malay House

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by

Jessica Boyer

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Traditional Malay House

Traditional Malay House
Site Planning & Construction
-"For religious reasons, most traditional Malay houses are oriented to face Mecca (east-west direction), which indirectly minimizes the area of exposed walls to direct solar radiation during the day. (Yuan, 2011)
Indoor Environmental Quality
Building Techniques of the Malay
Architectural Vernacular by Region
Interior Spatial Layout of a Malay Home
Video!
Ancestors arrived to area; had contact with Chinese & Indians; Hindu & Animist religions
Near Indonesia, Philippines in South China Sea
MALAY HOUSE VERNACULAR
Traditional houses are in many ways the antithesis of conventional modern houses:
History of Malay Culture
Southeast Asia Pacific
2500 - 1500 BC
1400 AD
Muslims conquered India; Malaysia becomes Islamic.
1800 AD
British & Dutch grow interest in trade; set up global trade for rubber during automobile boom
1963 AD
After much dispute, Malaysia becomes independent State with own "government"
Jessica Boyer | Sustainable Design ARCH 760 | Winter Quarter
-cheap to construct
-adapted to the individual needs of the occupant
-emphasizes use-values rather than market-values.
Materials & Resources
-Timber house frame
-Extreme pitched roof
-Post & lintel structure
-Raised on stilts
-for ventilation, protection, and to keep dry
Higher Stilts = Better Ventilation
-Large eaves (overhang)
-Teak, bamboo, or thatched walls
-Thatched roof (sago palms)
-Full length windows
Water & Energy Efficiency
-Rainwater harvesting has traditionally been a technique used by the owners to recycle and reuse of the precious rain water collected in a ceramic container (
buyong
) for general washing, watering flower pots, etc.
MALAY HOUSE VERNACULAR
The traditional Malay house meets the specific needs of the people living in rural Malaysia.
It was evolved by the Malays over the
generations, and adapted to their own needs, culture, and environment.
-Design and location on site is typically site specific with emphasis on river fronting for transportation & trade.
Designed to suit the tropical climate
Low thermal capacity building materials help keep the building cool.
-Construction techniques usually use the mortice and tenon methods,devoid of nails.... represents a building system that is easily dismantled & reconstructed.
Source: http://www.sabrizain.org/malaya/library/malayhouse.pdf
Source: http://www.sabrizain.org/malaya/library/malayhouse.pdf
Source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ebxVPgu-QJc/UIC0zp1rLsI/AAAAAAAAFcE/6vNdgE_oHDU/s1600/17.JPG
Source:http://www.academia.edu/933831/AN_ANALYSIS_OF_THE_TRADITIONAL_MALAY_ARCHITECTURE_AS_INDICATORS_FOR_SUSTAINABILITY_2_AN_INTRODUCTION_TO_ITS_GENIUS_LOCI_3
-Homes are built around an elaborate addition system, in that owner can add to the home as they earn money, instead of paying a large sum all at once. Therefore, their sites must be accommodating to growth and expansion.
Source: http://lensahijau.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-establishment-of-air-house-standard_18.html
Site Planning : Linear & Concentric
Site Planning : Religious/Spiritual
Kampong
= neighborhood

Construction Techniques
-Less energy consumption due to good natural ventilation & natural lighting by design.
-House components are made on site from surrounding materials, & are later assembled on the building site.
Full transcript