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Transcript of Observation Analysis
Observing the athlete performing a skill..
By analysing players, many coaches are able to spot individuals who have real potential, and scope to improve facets of a players game in a given sport.
Analysing the effectiveness of the performance..
Coaches in any sport are able to simply observe someone play and then provide them with feedback
A good analyse looks at both a player’s strengths and weaknesses.
Detecting and correcting errors to improve the athlete’s future performance..
Feedback shouldn’t be an attack on a player’s performance: it’s important to discuss what was good and then move on to what could be improved. Feedback should be a motivating tool.
Why is Analysis important ?
'Pros' and 'Cons'
An individual performer should be allowed time to consider how they feel they performed: if they feel they’re being told how they should feel after an observation then this could cause them to become demotivated.
Coaches are expected to be experts at observing and analysing performance, research has pointed to severe human limitations within these processes. Two key studies have highlighted memory retention problems, with coaches able to recall only 30-50% of key performance factors they had witnessed, even with special training in observation
Information can be given quickly during a performance or pracrtice and feedback can be often appropriate at the correct times.
How to effectivley Observe and Analyise
In order to be able to observe and analyse well you need to practise.
The method below is one approach you could use to improve your skills:
1.Observe a single technique only, like a gymnastic move on a bench. You need to consider the best place to stand in order to observe it properly
2.Watch a technique in action, for example a tennis ball being hit. Although the player will need to move in response to the ball you still have control in the fact that you can dictate when the ball is played. In this situation there is more to observe and analyse.
3.Next, you can try watching an individual competitive performance, for instance a badminton match. There’s much more action involved and shots will be different once you’ve chosen your spot from which to observe. However, you should try and focus on only a few points of the game.
4.Lastly, you should observe a competitive team performance, like a football match. Decide beforehand what you’d like to focus on as opposed to trying to concentrate on everything that’s going on.
In any sporting situation, especially team games, it is difficult, if not impossible, for coaches to notice and remember all the key events occurring within a training session or match, equipped only with their knowledge of the sport in question and their innate powers of observation. Yet analysis based on accurate observation and recall is a key tool for improving future performance.
That’s where the relatively new discipline of performance analysis comes in. Established over the last decade and facilitated by advances in IT and digital photography, performance analysis (PA) is now acknowledged as an aid to performance enhancement at all levels.
eg talent identification, monitoring current fitness level, identification of strengths and areas
for improvement, performance assessment, recovery after injury, assessment of health status, squad
selection, goal setting
The Coaching Process
In training and competitions
Before, during and/or after a practice
Involves interpretation and decision making
Which should be appropriate, correct and positive
Based on the information gained and in line with goals that may have been set for the performer.
Methods of Observing a practice or competition in sport
There are many methods to observe in sport such as:
Camera based technolgy - allowing you to record and review a skill or performance.
Paper based notes taken before/after or during a skill practice or a competition.
Electronically - recording important information as a performance or practice takes place, fast and effectivley saved.