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Neuroscience of Learning

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on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Neuroscience of Learning

Neuroscience of Learning Learning Occurs in the Brain LEARNING requires
NEURONS to CHANGE What is learning? CHANGING the structure & actions of NEURONS so they HOLD INFORMATION in LONG TERM MEMORY in TEMPORAL & PARIETAL LOBES of the CORTEX Changing the amounts of
neurotransmitters that
neurons produce Learning requires MANY
neuron changes BUT two major changes are 1. Changing the amounts of
neurotransmitters that neurons produce 2. Changing the connections between neurons (1) Learning requires neurons to make
MORE & LESS & DIFFERENT transmitters (2) Learning requires neurons to make
NEW LINKS & DELETE EXISTING LINKS
with other neurons Bad News & Good News
for Learners in Current
Neuroscience Findings 4 important
negative findings
from neuroscience 1. WE HAVE NO INTRINSIC
MOTIVATION TO LEARN
ACADEMIC MATERIAL We are motivated to LEARN to get 4 PRIMARY BODY REWARDS:
Food
Water
Sex
Drugs of Abuse And we are motivated to LEARN to get 5 Primary Social Rewards
-Feel pleasant touch
-See attractive faces
-Hear positive words
-Interact with others
-Gain social status Human motivation system

Rewarding experiences:
trigger amygdala activity
trigger dopamine release
trigger frontal lobe activity AMYGDALA
Computes
-Emotional intensity of an experience
-Degree of negative or positive emotion
Increased Dopamine IS the Reward! FRONTAL LOBE
-Stores the reward value of experience
-Activates behaviors leading to the most rewarded outcome
Motivation to Learn School Subjects is Conditioned
Most cultures condition children with 3 primary rewards for successful learning using:
food
teacher & parent approval
increased peer social status

2. THERE IS NO EVIDENCE FOR LEARNING TRANSFER
Full transcript