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Group 2 Prezi!!!

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Alonzo Powe

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Group 2 Prezi!!!

Section 2.2 ENGLISH COLONIES IN AMERICA TIMELINE 1497
John Cabot explores North America's coastline for England. 1587
Roanoke colony founded. 1607 Jamestown founded 1619 House of Burgesses meet for the first time. 1634
Maryland Founded Objectives Explain the religious and economic reasons why England became interested in America.
Describe the founding of Jamestown and why. By: Raven B. Jordan G. E'man R. Blake W. Tykwon S. Alonzo P. Pg.58 Pg.58 Important People and Terms to Know Puritans-people who wanted to purify the church pg.60
Joint stock Comanies-form of business organization in which many investors pooled money to raise funds to raise large amounts of money for large projects pg.61
Privateers-ships liscenced by the government to attack pg.61
Burgesses-represenatives for the general assembly of the Virginia colony pg.63
Headrights-system in which settlers were granted land in exchange for settling in Virginia pg.64
Proprietary Colony-a property owned by an individual pg.64
People/Things to Know
John Cabot-Englishman who wentlooking for the Northwest passage to Asia. pg.58
Watler Raleigh- English man who Founded Roanoke. pg.61
Chief Powhatan- also known as Wahunsenacawh was chief of the Tsenacommacah people during the arrival of english settlers in Jamestown pg.62
Powhatan Confedaracy-a group of Native Americans lead by Chief Powhatan
Martin Luther-A german monk whose words marked protestant reformation pg.60 The Jamestown colony was England's first permanent settlement in North America, but was established more than 100's of years after the first English explorers arrived.
King Henry VII sent John Cabot across the Atlantic in May 1497 to discover and find whatsoever isles, countries, regions, or provinces.
Cabot was an Itlanian navigator and really wanted to find a western route to Asia.
He had landed somewhere along Nova Scotia, then continued south along the barren shores and wooded coasts of Ameerica.
He didn't see any people but found trees, traps, and needles for nets, back in England the king gave Cabot a lot more money for finding what they thought was "new found land."
The following year Cabot sailed west for another expedition but was never seen again. England Takes Interest in America p. 58-60 When Cabot sailed to America almost all of western Europe was Catholic.
Their unity began breaking apart in 1517 when German monk Martin Luther planned on attacking the Church because he accused it of corrupted.
Which began the Protestant Reformation.
3 years later he was expelled from the Catholic Church but his ideas spread wildly across western Europe.
As it spread a development occurred in Switzerland when John Calvin said Kings nor Bishops should control the church.
He wanted the people to chose their leaders and such, his ideas impacted England and also America. The Reformation Divides Europe p.60 An American Story The 1st elected assembly of the English colonies were held in Jamestown, Virginia on July 30th, 1619. Delegates from each of the Virginia settlements; along with the governer and his councilors met in the choir of the Jamestown church. This governing body became known as The House of Burgesses.
When Governor Sir George Yeardley had arrived in Jamestown in 1619, he carried instructions to call an assembly so settlers could "make an ordain whatsoever laws and orders should by them be good and profitable. They met for 5days. It passed laws against swearing, gambling,drunkennes, and clothes excess in dress. It also made church attendence cumpulsory and passed laws against harmin Native Americans.
The House of Burgesses meeting marked the first time colonist had been given a voice in their colonial government. They believed the right was now irrevocable. The Reformation started due to a disagreement between the king and the pope in 1527.
The king wanted a divorce but since his wife was related to the king of Spain the pope hesitated.
The hesitation angred King Henry and cuased him to make his own church.
This old church became the Anglican Church
but Henry signed the Catholic doctrine so the Anglican church kept the rituals of the Catholic Church.
This seperation of the churches cuased the formation of the Puritan group. The Reformation Changes England A revolution in trade in agriculture was also occuring at this time.
europeans started buying large amounts of wool.
landowners then relazied they could make more money rasing sheep then by renting the land.
this relazation caused the Enclosure movement.
this happened when landowners envicted tenants to convert their estates to sheep farms.
this left thousands of people homeless and poor. they all left to america to get a better life.
By 1550 there was more wool than people wanted so the price began to fall.
these merchants created joint-stock companies in order to find someone who wanted the wool. Economic Changes in England Early Troubles (cont.) Frustrated by event in Jamestown, the Virginia Company appointed a new governor with absolute authority, Thomas West, Lord de La Warr. In August 1609, 400 new settlers arrived in Jamestown.
The arrival of so many settlers late in the summer created a crisis. Thomas West, Lord De La Warr pg.62-63 During This Crisis There was not enough food for them to eat for the winter, their Governor De La Warr had not arrived yet, and John Smith had suffered a gunpowder burn and had returned to England. So Without Strong Leadership, the colony rapidly deteriorated. As Winter neared, the settlers began to steal food from the Native Americans. The winter of 1609 and 1610 became known as the . "starving time". pg.63 pg.63 Headrighs Lure Settlers Pg.64 The Virginia Company Introduced headrights to bring more settlers to Virginia Headrights gave new settlers 50 acres if they purchased a share in the company The settlers were given 50 more acres of land for each child over 15 years old or each servant In 1619, 90 women were sent to the colony and 20 Africans were purchased by the settlers The colonists at Jamestown resulted in...... The Africans were purchased not as slaves, but as "christian servants" Them eating dogs, rats, snakes, toadstools, and horsehides. And some even engaged in cannibalism, digging up corpses from graves and eating them. At this time, English law stated Christians could not be enslaved Virginia Becomes a Royal Colony Pg.64 By 1622, 4,500 settlers arrived in Virginia The Native Americans became scared of the increase in settlers By the Spring of 1610, only 60 settlers were still alive. They abandoned Jamestown and headed downriver. In March of 1622, the natives attacked Jamestown killing nearly 350 settlers King James charged the Virginia company with mismanagement and revoked it's charter Virginia became the first royal colony run by a governor Maryland is Founded Pg.64 Maryland was the first proprietary colony Eventually the settlers were convinced by De La Warr, to stay, but they decided to establish other towns along the James river. The owner could govern any way he wished, just like a king Tabacco Saves The Colony His decision to convert to Catholicism ruined his career Catholics were opposed because they did not accept the
the king as head of the church Viewed as traitors Couldn't practice law or teach school Owned by George Calvert, A.K.A. Lord Baltimore Lord Baltimore built a colony where Catholics could practice their religion Granted land by King Charles Lord Baltimore died on April 15, 1632 before the first settlers arrived in 1634 Well before the founding of Jamestown, the Spanish began shipping tabacco from their Caribbean colonies to Europe. In the Early 1600's, smoking tabacco became very popular in Europe. Even though he wanted Maryland to be a Catholic refuge, most of the settlers were Protestant The government officials and large property owners
were Catholic The Jamestown settlers had tried growing tobacco, but the local variety was too bitter. So one colonist named John Rolfe developed a curing method, and in 1614 he shipped about 2,600 pounds to England, and it sold for a good price The government officials and most large property
owners were Catholic The conflict between the two groups caused continuous trouble to Maryland for many years The First Assembly pg.63 pg.63 The First Assembly When the first reform gave the colony the right to elect its own assembly to propose laws, they had their first general assembly in the Jamestown church on July 30, 1619. The new Virginia government included a governor , 6 councilors, and 20 representatives, 2 from each of the colony's 10 towns. The representatives were called "burgesses", and the assembly was called the House Of Burgesses. England Returns to America pg.61 The need to find new markets for wool convinced English Merchants to begin searching for a northern water route through North America to Asia.
In 1576 an Englishman named Martin Frobisher took three ships to America to search for a northwest passage.
by 1578 he made 3 more trips and still could not find the passage.
Reformation in Europe changed its balance of power.
England had now become the leading Protestant power while Spain remained defending Catholicisim.
After the Reformation, England gained new enemies as well as allies.
By the 1560's, most Dutch people became Protestant despite being part of the Spanish empire.
When the Spanish tried to suppress protestanism in the Netherlands, the Dutch rebbled. To help the Dutch revolt, Quenn Elizabeth allowed English privateers to attack. Gilbert and Raleigh pg.61 English privateers found it difficult to attack Spanish ships in the Carribean because England had no bases in the region.
This led many of Queen Elizabeth's advisers to recommend England to establish outposts in America to support naval operations against Spain.
First attempts at colonization were not successful.
In 1578 Sir Humphrey Gilbert made two attempts to colonize America which both failed, and Gibert himself died at sea.
His half brothe, Waleter persuaded Queen Elizabeth to renew Gilbert's charter in his own name. he sent 2 ships to scout the American Coastline. The ships passed through the Outer Banks of what is present day North Carolina, and landed on an island Native Americans call Roanoke. in 1585 Raleigh sent about 100 men to settle on Roanoke. After a hard winter, the unhappy colonist returned to England.
In 1587 raleigh tried again.
War erupted between England and Spain while White was in England, and he was not able to return until 1590. When he finally returned, the colony was gone.
There were no bodies, only empty houses with the letters "CRo" carved on a post, possibly referring to the Croatoan- a native American group who live nearby.
no one knows what happened to the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke and it is still a mystery today The Lost Colony of Roanoke pg.61 Jamestown is Founded pg.62 Shortly after the war with Spain ended in 1604 a group of English investors petitioned the new King of England, James I, for a charter to plant colonies in Virginia. In 1606 James granted the Charter.
On December 20. 1606, the Virginia Company sent 3 small ships, the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery, with 144 men to Virginia.
The 3 ships then arrived off the coast of North America, and the colonist founded a settlement on the banks of a river. In honor of their King they named the river James and the colony Jamestown. Most of Jamestown colonist were towns people. They new little about living in the woods and didn't know how to raise livestock.
Upperclass men among the colonist refused to do manual work causing additional problems.
200 new settlers arrived in 1608, only 53 colonists were still alive by the end of the year.
Captain John Smith a member of the colony's governing council emerged as Jamestown only strong leader.
In late 1607, Smith explored the region around Jamestown and began trading with the local Native Americans- a group called the Powhatan Confederacy.
Trade help get the colony through its first two winters. Early Troubles pg.62 The End !
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