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The Nature of Puritanism
Transcript of The Nature of Puritanism
Are people essentially good?
Did the Puritans believe only they were saved?
The Puritans believed in predestination.
God has already chosen who will be saved and who will go to hell.
They could live good lives and be all around good people, but salvation was determined by God alone.
Was Puritan worship characterized by organ music and congregational singing?
-No, Puritans believed that music fostered laziness
-Laziness is a ticket to hell
-All music had no role in dailylife
-Only songs allowed was psalms
By: Rebecca Michaud, Emily Tripp, and Amanda Raffa
People were born into an evil nature.
A major focal point was original sin.
In all events that are not for the good, the Puritans see evil.
Did the Puritans practice religious toleration?
Religious toleration was not practiced
They devoted everything strictly to their own faith
They came to the New World to "purify" their religious, so they didn't allow the practice of any others.
Was the civil government responsible for the public's morality?
The Puritans felt that the government was responsible for the public's morality.
They promoted good lifestyles choices.
Did Puritan women enjoy complete equality with men?
-No, Puritan women were not treated as equals with men.
- Much like other societies at this time, women were seen as less than men.
-The Puritans believed that because of Eve's sin, all women were naturally corrupt.
Did Puritans place a high value on hard work?
-Yes, the Puritans were very hardworking people.
-They believed that all things that were "fun" were sinful.
-The Puritans spent all there time working, trying to prove they were part of the elite that were going to heaven.
Did the Puritans enjoy exploring the wilderness?
-No, the Puritans tried to avoid going into the wilderness.
-They thought that nature and the forest represented dark and evil in human life.
-The witches were found in the woods a lot throughout
The Scarlet Letter.
Did the Puritans put people on trial for witchcraft and execute those found guilty?
-Yes, the punishments in the Puritan community were based off of religious documents.
-Everything bad that happened in the Puritan community had to be blamed on something.
-This eventually led to the Salem Witch Trials.
Did Puritans believe in a loving god who welcomed everyone into heaven?
-They believed in a loving god but not one that welcomes everyone into heaven
-Doctrine of the elect
-No matter how you act or behave your predestination cannot be changed
-If one is part of the elect its very evident
- God is omnipotent, therefore he already knows who is allowed to go to heaven
-This caused great competition among people
Did Puritans place importance on money?
-"Money itself was good" -John Calvin
-Money and wealth were gifts from God
"If God shows you a way in which you lawfully get more
than one, without wrong to your soul, or to any other, if you refuse this,
and choose the less gainful way, you cross one of the ends of your calling, and you refuse to be God’s steward."
-Poverty has no crime in it, and is no reason to be ashamed.
Were Puritans opposed to any education that did not have a practical purpose?
-Education of children was important.
-Children are born without fear and knowledge of God's power so they must be taught through rigorous religion and practical education.
- They needed to read the bible themselves, to really understand it
- Reading and writing was essential
"Puritanism and Predestination." National Humanities Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014. <http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/puritan.htm>.
"The Puritans and Money." A Puritan's Mind. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2014. <http://www.apuritansmind.com/>.
"Puritanism." American Literature Guide. App. Gatsby's Light. 16 Sept. 2014.
"Notes to Ch 16, A Forest WalkThe Scarlet Letter." Notes to Ch 16, The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1850. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Wright, Sarah Bird. "Puritans in the works of Nathaniel Hawthorne." Critical Companion to Nathaniel Hawthorne: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work, Critical Companion. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2006. Bloom's Literature. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 16 Sept. 2014 <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=15076&SID=5&iPin=CCNH335&SingleRecord=True>.