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Bob Marley

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Niall O'Connor

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of Bob Marley

The Man Behind the Music
A musician from 1961-1981
Born 6 February 1945
Nine Mile, Saint Ann, Jamaica

Died 11 May 1981
Miami, Florida, US







Marriage
Family Life
Married his Rita Marley on 10 February 1966
They met as Rita was a backing singer for the Wailers, Bob Marleys Band.
They had 3 kids together

Children
According to his official website, Bob Marley had 11 children. These were all from different ways:
He had 3 with his wife Rita
Adopted 2 from Rita's earlier relationships
Had the other 6 with different women
List of Children
Sharon, born 23 November 1964, daughter of Rita from a previous relationship but then adopted by Marley after his marriage with Rita
Cedella born 23 August 1967, to Rita
David "Ziggy", born 17 October 1968, to Rita
Stephen, born 20 April 1972, to Rita
Robert "Robbie", born 16 May 1972, to Pat Williams
Rohan, born 19 May 1972, to Janet Hunt
Karen, born 1973 to Janet Bowen
Stephanie, born 17 August 1974; according to Cedella Booker she was the daughter of Rita and a man called Ital with whom Rita had an affair; nonetheless she was acknowledged as Bob's daughter
Julian, born 4 June 1975, to Lucy Pounder
Ky-Mani, born 26 February 1976, to Anita Belnavis
Damian, born 21 July 1978, to Cindy Breakspeare
His Beliefs
Was a strong follower of the Rastfarian Movement
This religion is considered a branch of Christianity
Part of the Tribe of Joseph
This was a denomination for people born in February
Didn't eat meat or take medicine as part of Rastafarianism
Shortly before his death, Marley was baptised into Christianity by Archbishop Abuna Yesehaq of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Kingston, Jamaica, on 4 November 1980
Was a strong follower of the Rastfarian Movement
This religion is considered a branch of Christianity
Part of the Tribe of Joseph
This was a denomination for people born in February
Didn't eat meat or take medicine as part of Rastafarianism
Shortly before his death, Marley was baptised into Christianity by Archbishop Abuna Yesehaq of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Kingston, Jamaica, on 4 November 1980
His Beliefs
The Death of a Legend
In July 1977, Marley was found to have a type of malignant melanoma under the nail of a toe
He refused treatment as it was against his religion
He continued to tour and even released an album in the next 3 years.
At the end of 1980 Marleys health deteriorated more and more.
He tried treatment but after 8 months of fighting gave up the battle
After giving up his fight Marley decided to go home to die
On the plane from Germany to Jamaica his health worsened and the plane had to land in Miami
The cancer had spread to his lungs and brain
He later died in the Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Miami
He was buried in Jamaica on 21 May 1981, receiving a state funeral
His final words were to his son Ziggy
He said "Money can't buy life"
He was buried with his red Gibson Les Paul
Funeral Eulogy
On 21 May 1981, Jamaican Prime Minister Edward Seaga delivered the final funeral eulogy to Marley, declaring:

"His voice was an omnipresent cry in our electronic world. His sharp features, majestic looks, and prancing style a vivid etching on the landscape of our minds. Bob Marley was never seen. He was an experience which left an indelible imprint with each encounter. Such a man cannot be erased from the mind. He is part of the collective consciousness of the nation."
Chart Success
Bob Marley was one of the most successful artists of all time
Bob Marley never had a number one single
His album "Legend" was number one for 12 years
He wrote the song "I Shot the Sheriff" which Eric Clapton covered and released which made number one
Career
His career spanned from 1962 - 1981
Marley released 15 Albums in that time
He was one of the most famous and influential Reggae artists of all time

His Message
Although he will be remembered for his Rastafarian beliefs, i.e. his drug taking lifestyle and signature dreadlocks, Bob Marley had a number of messages in his music. Bob Marley believed he could stop war in the world, end poverty and bring about world peace through his music.
The Early Years (1962-1972)
1962
Recorded a 4 track EP for producer Leslie Kong released 3 of the songs under the name Bobby Martell
1963
Marley and a group of other formed a band called the teenagers
They were signed by the Coxsone record label and their name was changed to the Wailers
They released Simmer Down which went to number one in Jamaica
1966
Three members of the Wailers left the band leaving only Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, and Peter Tosh
1968-1972
They worked with to create demos. They did not want to release these songs and only used them to promote the band to record companies
Marley and wife Rita worked with songwriter Jimmy Norman
They created pop type songs to try and get Marley in mainstream music
Island Records (1972-1974)
1972
Bob Marley signed with CBS Records in London
The Wailers then tried talking to Chris Blackwell, owner of Island Records who offered them a new deal as the face of Island Records



1973
The bad released the Catch a Fire and Burnin' albums
Catch did not sell many copies, 14,000.
But Burnin' became very successful and began Bob Marley's rise to fame

1974
The Wailers split-up
The three remaining members all decided to persue solo careers
Despite the break-up, Marley continued recording as "Bob Marley & The Wailers"
Member change
After the other members left Marley reinvented the Wailers with
Carlton Barrett - Drums
Aston "Family Man" Barrett - Bass
Junior Marvin - Lead Guitar
Al Anderson - Lead Guitar
Tyrone Downie - Keyboards
Earl "Wya" Lindo - Keyboards
Alvin "Seeco" Patterson - Percussion
The "I Threes", consisting of Judy Mowatt, Marcia Griffiths, and Marley's wife, Rita, provided backing vocals.
Assassination Attempt
On 3 December 1976, two days before "Smile Jamaica", Bob Marley was shot and wounded
He was to play the festival that tried to end tension between two rival groups in Jamaica
The Wailers all went into hiding but, two days after been shot, Bob Marley arrived on stage and played the concert.
When asked why he said "the people who are trying to make this world worse aren't taking a day off. How can I?"
England (1977-1978)
Marley moved to England
Recorded the albums Exodus and Kaya
Exodus stayed on the British album charts for fifty-six consecutive weeks
Included songs like "Jamming", and "One Love"

The Final Years
Released Survival album and Uprising, his final ever studio album
Included songs like "Redemption Song" and "Forever Loving Jah"
Before release of Uprising Marley was diagnosed with melanoma
It is taught that Uprising details his struggle with it and his acceptance of his mortality
Discography
The Wailing Wailers (1965)
Soul Rebels (1970)
Soul Revolution (1971)
The Best of the Wailers (1971)
Catch a Fire (1973)
Burnin' (1973)
Natty Dread (1974)
Rastaman Vibration (1976)
Exodus (1977)
Kaya (1978)
Survival (1979)
Uprising (1980)
Confrontation (1983)
Live albums
Live! (1975)
Babylon By Bus (1978)
Full transcript