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Copy of divorce....
Transcript of Copy of divorce....
Trends of divorce and marriage in the United States
Is high divorce rate a Social Problem?
Effects of Divorce on Adults and Children
Risk Factors/Social Patterns:
Who gets divorced? When? Why?
Family and Marriage: Future Prospects
What is a divorce?
The legal action that ends the marriage before the death of either spouse.
Referred to as termination of marriage.
Effects on Adults
Effects on Children
Challenges a child faces before and after divorce:
Children continuously blaming themselves for the divorce, even after it takes place
Children keep trying to fix the divorce, even after it’s happened
Child strives for attention to try and bring parents back together
Child's reaction's to divorce
Stress (infants- adolescents)
Who Gets Divorced?
1,Divorce Probability Game–
2, What individual characteristics are related to increased probability of divorce?
Quiz-- Divorce (Team-based)
Answer the questions based on the lecture and the table: Statistical significance of each individual characteristic by outcome
Keep the table open, and work on the Quiz-Divorce
Proposals to Address the High Divorce Rate
Prevention Programs/ Relationship Programs
Support programs for children of divorced parents
Promoting equalitarian gender ideology
Divorce Online. (n.d.). <i>Canada Online Divorce Forms</i>. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.reliabledivorce.ca/?gclid=CNWA_MCVn7wCFecRMwodHk4AVg
Help for children who blame themselves for your divorce. (n.d.). <i>ChildCentered Divorce RSS</i>. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.childcentereddivorce.com/challenges-children-face-divorce-3/
Psychological and Emotional Aspects of Divorce. (n.d.). Psychological and Emotional Aspects of Divorce. Retrieved January 28, 2014, from http://www.mediate.com/articles/psych.cfm
The Challenge of Divorce. (n.d.). article. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.abct.org/docs/Members/FactSheets/DIVORCE%200707.pdf
the challenges of devorce. (n.d.). article. Retrieved January 25, 2014, from http://www.divorce.usu.edu/files/uploads/Lesson6.pdf
The Price of Divorce. (n.d.). Ontario Divorce Law Toronto Divorce Lawyer. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.lisagelman.com/divorce/divorcearticles/the-price-of-divorce/
Region of Peel. (n.d.). Children's Services. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.peelregion.ca/children/resources/families/index.htm
website. (n.d.). tvoparents. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://tvoparents.tvo.org/special/digital-literacy
Amazon Prime Free Trial. (n.d.). <i>Dinosaurs Divorce (A Guide for Changing Families): Marc Brown, Laurie Krasny Brown: 0719122007995: Amazon.com: Books</i>. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.amazon.com/Dinosaurs-Divorce-Guide-Changing-Families/dp/0316109967#reader_0316109967
Little Children, Big Challenges: Divorce. (n.d.). - Tool Kits. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.sesamestreet.org/parents/topicsandactivities/toolkits/divorce
DivorceSupport.com - helping people through the divorce process since 1997.. (n.d.). The Divorce Support Page: Divorce, Child Custody, Alimony, Support, Family Law. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.divorcesupport.com/
information for professionals. (n.d.). Eight ways teachers can help children when their parents’ divorce. Retrieved January 29, 2014, from http://www.pedro-carroll.com/professionals/education/
Helping children cope with separation and divorce. (n.d.). Helping children cope with separation and divorce. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/handouts/separation_and_divorce/
Region of Peel. (n.d.). Events Calendar -. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.peelregion.ca/scripts/calendar/calendar.pl?cal=home_page&action=day&d=26&m=1&y=2009
Marriage and Well-beling
According to contemporary research:
Married people are happier than unmarried people
Married people score better on measures of psychological well-being, are physically healthier, have better sex lives, and have lower death rates
Marriage helps keep men from committing crime
(Quality) Marriage has these benefits for several reasons:
The emotional and practical support spouses give each other
Their greater financial resources compared to those of unmarried people
The sense of obligation that spouses have toward each other
Tips about Managing your Relationship
Emotional intelligence (EQ) is the ability to identify, use, understand, and manage emotions in positive ways to relieve stress, communicate effectively, empathize with others, overcome challenges, and defuse conflict.
Compatibility in goals and attitudes towards relationship
Number of marriages and divorces, United States, 2008 to 2011
Poorer physical and mental health; higher rate of mortality
More negative life events,less satisfying sex life
Experience more social isolation
Do not have regular contact with their children
Lower standard of living, less wealth; greater economic hardship
More difficulty in raising children.
Risk Factors of Divorce
Source: Based on CDC/NCHS National Vital Statistics System. Accessible at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/marriage_divorce_tables.htm
Trend of Marriage and Divorce
Social Conditions Related to the Rising Divorce Rates Since 1970s:
the family is performing less functions today.
no-fault divorce laws.
economic independence of women.
transition from extended to nuclear families.
increasing geographic and occupational mobility.
less stigma is attached to divorce today.
"anti-establishment" culture in late 1960s
Is Divorce a Social Problem?
View1--Yes: Divorce as an important contributor to many social problems.
View2--No: Divorce as a largely benign force that provides adults with a second chance for happiness and rescues children from dysfunctional and aversive home environments.
What do you think?-- (Does it meet the major criteria in the social problem definition?)
Children with divorced parents have moderately poorer life and educational outcomes (emotional well-being, academic achievement, labor force participation, divorce, and teenage childbearing)
Children are better off on a variety of outcomes if parents in a high-conflict marriages divorced.
Only a minority of divorces, however, appear to be preceded by a high level of chronic high conflict marriage.
Divorce probably helps fewer children than it hurts (p.1278)
The social and emotional conditions that often surround divorce are also a part of the problem.
Source: The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children. Paul R. Amato, Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Nov., 2000), pp. 1269-1287;
The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children. Paul R. Amato, Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 62, No. 4 (Nov., 2000), pp. 1269-1287
Comparason of Divorced and Marriaed Adults
Certain groups are more susceptible to divorce than others
Young Age: Those who marry under twenty years of age.
Less Education: Those with only a High School Diploma or limited college experience.
No Religious Affiliation
Premarital childbearing and pregnancy
Unrealistic expectations on marriage/romantic relationship or “whirlwind romance”
Think: How to balance “her marriage” and “his marriage”
“lack of commitment” (73% said this was a major reason).
"Too much arguing" (56%),
marrying too young (46%),
unrealistic expectations (45%),
lack of equality in the relationship (44%),
lack of preparation for marriage (41%),
(People were allowed to give more than one reason, so the percentages add up to more than 100%.)
Reasons Given for Divorce
Source: With this ring . . . A national survey on marriage in America. (2005). Gaithersburg, MD: The
National Fatherhood Initiative.
NABC (Need, Approach, Benefit, Competition).
Summarize the Need to address the issue
What is your Approach for addressing this need?
What are the Benefits for this approach?
What makes your approach better than other Competing approaches?
Submit a team copy of your Proposal @ end of class
Note: The NABC doesn’t have to be in the above order.
The above guideline is based on Stanford Research Institute NABC method
and NMU draft Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Rubric
Our Team Proposal to Address the high Divorce Rate
Marriages are most susceptible to
divorce in the early years. While
after 5 years, approximately
10 percent of first marriages
overall had ended in divorce,
proportions ending in divorce
were lower for Asian (3 percent)
and Hispanic women (7 percent). (p.13)
Source: US Census Bereau (2011),
Number, Timing, and Duration of Marriages and Divorces: 2009 Household Economic Studies. 2011 May Issue. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/p70-125.pdf#page=13&zoom=auto,-99,382
Timing of Divorce
Benifit of (a Quality Marriage)
Financial, health, sexual, psychological
Cohabitation—Two people living together in a sexual relationship of some permanence without being married to each other.
The proportion of young couples who cohabit has risen steeply– from 11% in the early 1970s to close to 50% today(National Center for Health Statistics 2010).
A substitute for marriage (an end in itself)
A “stage in the process” –the majority view
Only 35% of cohabiters married their partners within three years of starting to live together.
Premarital cohabitation– slightly higher possibility of divorce.
The selection explanation: The very people who would choose to cohabit differ from those who don’t, and the traits that distinguish the two groups are associated with their chances of divorce. (for example, religious affiliation)
The experience of living together explanation: Attitudes and relationships change during cohabitation
Does Living Together Help Reduce the Chances for Divorce?
Marriage remains as an important social institution.
Importance is dropping (71% of all adults have been married compared to 85% in 1960) 72% of American adults, and 87% Americans aged 45-54 are currently married or had been married at some point in their lives.
The family performs important functions in society, and some type of family will undoubtedly continue to perform those functions in the future.
The Baby Boomers 1946-1955 still hold the highest divorce rates of any cohort in U.S. history.
Family scientists refer to
as the principle based on the belief that if a marriage does not receive preventative maintenance and upgrades it will move towards decay and break down.
Countermeasure: Marital Enrichment