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Spike Lee: The Harlem Renaissance
Transcript of Spike Lee: The Harlem Renaissance
"the Back to Africa" Movement two-ness birth- 1884
death- 1951 Author of 7 novels, director and
producer of more than 44 films silent films and "talkies"
(films with speaking actors) Created the "Micheaux Film and Book Company" African American success within society "It is only by presenting those portions
of the race portrayed in my pictures, in
the light and background of their true
state, that we can raise our people to
greater heights" - Oscar Micheaux Body and Soul (1925)
Silent Film Conflict: Buggin Out confronts Sal why he doesn’t have any Black African Americans in his Wall of Fame, when everyone who eats in the pizzeria is black. This then ultimately leads to the tragic ending of Radio Raheem death and the destruction of Sal's Famous Pizzeria
Harlem Renaissance themes in"Do The Right Thing" Alienation Desperation Micheaux and Lee 1) Real life connection to films 2) "Blended entertainment with biting social commentary" The Homesteader Alienation Racial Consciousness Two-ness Discrimation/Racial pride Two-ness The Girl from Chicago It became a symbol and a point of reference for everyone to recall.
The complexity of the urban setting was important for Blacks to truly appreciate the variety of Black life. Race consciousness required a shared experience.
It encouraged a new appreciation of folk roots and culture. Peasant folk materials and spirituals provided a rich source for racial imagination.
It continued a celebration of primitivism and the mythology of an exotic Africa that had begun in the 19th century.
Important features of the HR Alienation in Society The History of the Harlem Renaissance Defined Cultural Literary and artistic movement of the 1920s
Commonly referred to as the New Negro Movement
Its goal was to negate racism and the negative images produced during Minstrelsy
Racial Consciouness Ray Major theme of the HR was the use of blues tradition
Charles is considered one of the most prominent rhythm and blues musicians of all time
The Great Migration
Period from 1910 to the 1920s where over 1.5 million African Americans migrated from the south to northern cities.
Key Harlem Renaissance Figures
Zora Neale Hurston
Although he lived most of his life after the Harlem Renaissance took place (born in 1930), he continued the blues tradition that was established during that time. Denzel Washington- Training Day (2001)
Will Smith- Ali (2001), Pursuit of Happiness (2006)
Jamie Foxx- Dreamgirls (2004)
nominated for Collateral same year
Don Cheadle- Hotel Rwanda (2004)
Terrence Howard- Hustle & Flow (2005)
Forest Whitaker- The last king of Scotland (2006)
Morgan Freeman- Invictus (2009)
Best Supporting Actor 2004 (Million Dollar Baby)
Djimon Hounsou- In America (2003), Blood Diamond (2006)
Eddie Murphy- Dreamgirls (2006) Black Male Actors in 21st century Female Actresses in 21st Century Halle Berry- Monster's Ball (2001)
only black woman to ever win award
Gabourey Sidibe- Precious (2009)
Viola Davis- The Help (2011)
nominated for Doubt (2008)
Queen Latifah- Chicago (2002)
Jennifer Hudson- Dreamgirls (2006)
Mo'Nique- Precious (2009)
Octavia Spencer- The Help (2011)
Sophie Okonedo- Hotel Rwanda
Ruby Dee- Amercan Gangster
Taraji P. Henson- Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008)
Did the leaders of the Renaissance fail?