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Spike Lee: The Harlem Renaissance

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on 24 April 2012

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Transcript of Spike Lee: The Harlem Renaissance

THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE 1920 1930 World War I The Great Depression James Weldon Johnson edited The Book of American Negro Poetry-a gathering of some of the period's most talented poets including Claude McCay and Langston Hughes. 1922 Jean Toomer publishes "Cane," stories, poems, and sketches about black life in rural Georgia. 1923 Synopsis Themes of the Harlem Renaissance First Anti-Lynching legislation approved by House of Representatives. National Ethiopian Art Players staged The Chip Woman's Fortune by Willis Richardson, first serious play by a black writer on Broadway, May. Shuffle Along by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake, the first musical revue written and performed by African Americans (cast members include Josephine Baker and Florence Mills), opened, May 22, at Broadway's David Belasco Theater. 1921 Marcus Garvey founded African Orthodox Church, September. Oscar Micheaux Spike Lee Alienation the use of folk material the use of "blues tradition" writing to an elite audience 1924 Oscar Micheaux completes the films Birthright and Body and Soul, the latter starring Paul Robeson Paul Robeson stars in Eugene O'Neill's A God's Chililin Got Wings Marian Anderson wins the New York Philharmonic singing competition Small's Paradise nightclub opens in Harlem 1925 1926 The Weary Blues, Langston Hughes first book of verse, is published by Alfred A. Knopf The Harmon Foundation holds the first of its annual art exhibitions of painting and sculpture by African-American artists. The first show is held at the 135th Street branch of The New York Public Library and is later shown in Chicago. Duke Ellington brings his band to the Cotton Club Miguel Covarrubias's book "Negro Drawings" is published 1927 Claude McKay's first novel, Home to Harlem, is published by Harper Brothers Archibald J. Motley Jr exhibits at the New Galleries in New York 1928 The stock market crash on 24 October brings the 'Jazz Age' to an end and marks the beginning of the Great Depression Black and Tan, a musical short featuring Duke Ellington and his orchestra, is released 1929 James V. Herring creates the Howard University Gallery of Art, the first gallery in the United States directed and controlled by African-Americans and one of the first to highlight African-American art racial consciousness embrace
"the Back to Africa" Movement two-ness birth- 1884
death- 1951 Author of 7 novels, director and
producer of more than 44 films silent films and "talkies"
(films with speaking actors) Created the "Micheaux Film and Book Company" African American success within society "It is only by presenting those portions
of the race portrayed in my pictures, in
the light and background of their true
state, that we can raise our people to
greater heights" - Oscar Micheaux Body and Soul (1925)
Silent Film Conflict: Buggin Out confronts Sal why he doesn’t have any Black African Americans in his Wall of Fame, when everyone who eats in the pizzeria is black. This then ultimately leads to the tragic ending of Radio Raheem death and the destruction of Sal's Famous Pizzeria
Harlem Renaissance themes in"Do The Right Thing" Alienation Desperation Micheaux and Lee 1) Real life connection to films 2) "Blended entertainment with biting social commentary" The Homesteader Alienation Racial Consciousness Two-ness Discrimation/Racial pride Two-ness The Girl from Chicago It became a symbol and a point of reference for everyone to recall.

The complexity of the urban setting was important for Blacks to truly appreciate the variety of Black life. Race consciousness required a shared experience.

It encouraged a new appreciation of folk roots and culture. Peasant folk materials and spirituals provided a rich source for racial imagination.

It continued a celebration of primitivism and the mythology of an exotic Africa that had begun in the 19th century.

Important features of the HR Alienation in Society The History of the Harlem Renaissance Defined Cultural Literary and artistic movement of the 1920s
Commonly referred to as the New Negro Movement
Its goal was to negate racism and the negative images produced during Minstrelsy
Racial Consciouness Ray Major theme of the HR was the use of blues tradition

Charles is considered one of the most prominent rhythm and blues musicians of all time

The Great Migration
Period from 1910 to the 1920s where over 1.5 million African Americans migrated from the south to northern cities.
Key Harlem Renaissance Figures
Alain Locke
W.E.B Dubois
Walter White
Langston Hughes
Zora Neale Hurston
Although he lived most of his life after the Harlem Renaissance took place (born in 1930), he continued the blues tradition that was established during that time. Denzel Washington- Training Day (2001)
Will Smith- Ali (2001), Pursuit of Happiness (2006)
Jamie Foxx- Dreamgirls (2004)
nominated for Collateral same year
Don Cheadle- Hotel Rwanda (2004)
Terrence Howard- Hustle & Flow (2005)
Forest Whitaker- The last king of Scotland (2006)
Morgan Freeman- Invictus (2009)
Best Supporting Actor 2004 (Million Dollar Baby)
Djimon Hounsou- In America (2003), Blood Diamond (2006)
Eddie Murphy- Dreamgirls (2006) Black Male Actors in 21st century Female Actresses in 21st Century Halle Berry- Monster's Ball (2001)
only black woman to ever win award
Gabourey Sidibe- Precious (2009)
Viola Davis- The Help (2011)
nominated for Doubt (2008)
Queen Latifah- Chicago (2002)
Jennifer Hudson- Dreamgirls (2006)
Mo'Nique- Precious (2009)
Octavia Spencer- The Help (2011)
Sophie Okonedo- Hotel Rwanda
Ruby Dee- Amercan Gangster
Taraji P. Henson- Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008)

Did the leaders of the Renaissance fail?
Full transcript