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Alfred Adler

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Angel Arboleda

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Alfred Adler

Choose your specialty Psychology Theorist Individual Psychology Also known as Adlerian Psychology, breaks away from psychoanalysis *Basic Principles
1. Social Embeddedness
2. Self-Determination & Creativity
3. Teleology (Goal-Directed)
4. Subjectivity
5. Holism Inferiority Complex According to Alfred Adler almost everyone suffers from an inferiority complex and may feel strong feelings of being inadequate or incompetent. This feeling comes from our feelings of helplessness as babies Some job options include working in the Industrial-Organizational Psychology field or as a therapist. Birth Order The chronological order of sibling births in a family Suggesting that the position a child has by the order of birth significantly affected the child's growth and personality.

The order of being born first, last, or somewhere in the middle itself doesn't have any significance with shaping a child's personality and growth development

But how the birth order affects the child is treated by the parents and other siblings & how that child may react.
FAMILY SITUATION
CHILDS CHARACTERISTICS ONLY
-ONLY
Retains 200% attention from both parents. May become rival of one parent. Can be over-protected and spoiled.
Likes being the center of adult attention. Often has difficulty sharing with siblings and peers. Prefers adult company and uses adult language.
-OLDEST
Parent expectations are usually very high. Often given responsibility and expected to set an example
May become authoritarian or strict. Feels power is his/her right. Can become helpful if encouraged.
-SECOND
has a pacemaker. There is always someone ahead.
more competitive, wants to overtake older child. May become a rebel or try to outdo everyone. Competition can deteriorate into rivalry.
-MIDDLE
May feel squeezed out of a position of privilege and significance.
May be even-tempered, "take it or leave it" attitude. May have trouble finding a place or become a fighter of injustice.
-YOUNGEST
Has many “motherly and “fatherly” figures. Older children try to educate him.
Wants to be bigger than the others. Can stay the "baby." Frequently spoiled.
-TWIN
One is usually stronger or more active. Parents may see one as the older.
Can have identity problems. Stronger one may become the leader.
-ADOPTED CHILD
Parents spoil child. may try to compensate for the loss of his biological parents.
Child may become very spoiled and demanding. Eventually may resent or idealize the biological parents.
-ONLY BOY AMONG GIRLS
Usually with women all the time, if father is away.
May try to prove he is the man in the family, or become effeminate.
-ONLY GIRL AMONG BOYS
Older brothers may act as her protectors
Can become very feminine, or a tomboy and outdo the brothers.
-ALL BOYS
If mother wanted a girl, can be dressed as a girl.
Child may capitalize on assigned role or protest it vigorously.
-ALL GIRLS
May be dressed as a boy.
Child may capitalize on assigned role or protest it vigorously. By: Alisha Graham
Giselle Gonzalez
Victor Scott
Angel Arboleda BIRTH : FEB. 7,1870

DEATH: MAY 28,1937

BIRTH PLACE : Vienna, Austria History 1902
INVITED BY SiGMUND FREUD TO JOIN THE Psychoanalytic Discussion Group.

Soon I'd leave the group, due to some disagreements on Freud's Theories.
Being as I played a key role in Psychoanalysis, I developed my own school of thought. The individual human being is the best determinant of their own needs, desires, interests, & growth These feeling can "result in a "will-to-power" that can take one of two paths."
- The child will strive to become superior over others through acts of dominance or aggressive behavior.
- The child will strive to become greater by mastering their full potential. During my childhood, I suffered from Rickets. It disabled me to walk until I four years old. Due to this childhood illness, I became a physician.

Received my Medical Degree from the University of Vienna.I began a career as an Ophthalmologist, then switched to general practice. 1908
Birth Order

1912
INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY
INFERIORITY COMPLEX
DIFFERENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY
(The studies of behaviors in different people.) Lifestyle forms in early childhood; Partly determined by what particular inferiority affected most deeply An individual derives their personality traits from these essentially external factors:
*Compensation
*Resignation
*Over Compensation "A persistent sense of inadequacy or a tendency to self- diminishment, sometimes resulting in excessive aggressiveness through overcompensation." Sometimes not a major influence on personality development

Other potential influences such as:
organ inferiority
parental attitudes
social & economic position
gender roles
Ect. Alfred Adler
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