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Period of New Society Phil. Lit
Transcript of Period of New Society Phil. Lit
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The period of New Society started on September 21,1972. Carlos Planca awards continued to give the annual awards.
Almost all themes in most writings dealt with the development or progress of the country-
Themes of most poems dealt with
patience, regard for native culture, customs
and the beauties of nature and surroundings.
Those who wrote poetry during
were: Ponciano Pineda, Aniceto Silvestre, Jose
Garcia Revelo, Bienvenido Ramos, Vicente
Dimasalang, Cir Lopez Francisco, and Pelagio
In 1977, the Tales of Manuvu, a new style of rock of the ballet opera was also added to these presentations. This was performed by Celeste Legaspi, Lea Navarro, Hadji
Alejandro,Boy Camara, Anthony Castello, Rey Dizon and
choreographed by Alic Reyes.Even the President’s daughter at the time participated as a performing artist in the
principal roleof Santa Juana of Koral and inThe Diary of Anne Frank.
1. MAYNILA...SA MGA KUKO NG LIWANAG
written by Edgardo Reyes and filmed under the
direction of Lino Brocka. Bembol Roco was the
2. MINSA’Y ISANG GAMU-GAMO; Nora Aunor
was the principal performer here.
3. GANITO KAMI NOO...PAANO KAYO NGAYON:
led by Christopher de Leon and Gloria Diaz.
4. INSIANG: by Hilda Koronel
5. AGUILA: led by Fernando Poe Jr., Jay Ilagan
and Christopher de Leon
Sex films could not be shelved. Foreign, as well
as local films dealing the bold themes were the
vehicles of producers to earn more money.
LIWAYWAY had been an old-time favorite of the Filipinos since 1920. Other magazines were:
3. EXTRA HOT
4. JINGLE SENSATION
The New Society tried to stop Pornography or those writings giving bad influences on the morals of people. All school newspapers were temporarily stopped and so with school organizations.
The military government established a new
office called the Ministry of Public Affairs
that supervised the newspapers, books and
The government took part in reviving old
plays like the Cenaculo, the Zarzuela and
the Embayoka of the Muslims. The Cultural
Center of the Philippines, the Folk Arts Theater and even the old Metropolitan Theater were rebuilt in order to have a place for these plays.
Singing both Filipino and English songs
received fresh incentives. Those sent abroad
promoted many Filipino songs.
The weekly publications like KISLAP, and
LIWAYWAY helped a lot
in the development of
literature. These became outlets for our
writers to publish many of their works.
A. FILIPINO POETRY DURING
THE PERIOD OF THE NEW SOCIETY
Many more composers added their bit during this period.Among them were Freddie Aguilar,Jose Marie Chan and the group Tito, Vic and Joey. ANAK of Freddie Aguilar became an instant success because of the spirit and emotions revealed in the song.There were even translations in Japanese and in other languages.
B. THE PLAY UNDER THE NEW SOCIETY
The government led in reviving old plays and dramas, like the Tagalog Zarzuela, Cenaculo and the Embayoka of the Muslims which
were presented in the rebuilt Metropolitan Theater,the Folk Arts Theater and the Cultural Center
of the Philippines.
Many schools and organizations also presented
The Mindanao State University presented a
play Sining Embayoka at the Cultural Center
of the Philippines.
The following organizations contributed a lot to the development of plays during this
1. PETA of Cecille Guidote and Lino Brocka
2. Repertory Philippines: of Rebecca
Godines and Zenaida Amador
3. UP Repertory of Behn Cervantes
4. Teatro Filipino by Rolando Tinio
C. RADIO AND TELEVISION
Radio continued to be patronized during this period. The play series like SI MATAR, DAHLIA,ITO AND PALAD KO, and MR. LONELY were the forms of recreation of those without television.Even the new songs were first heard over the
airwaves.However, many performing artists in radio moved over to television because of higher pay.Among these were Augusto Victa, Gene Palomo,Mely Tagasa, Lina Pusing, and Ester Chavez.Popular television plays were GULONG NG
PALAD, FLOR DE LUNA, and ANNA LIZA.SUPERMAN AND TARZAN were also popular with the youth.
D. FILIPINO FILMS
A yearly Pista ng mga Pelikulng Pilipino
(Yearly Filipino Film Festival) was held during this time. During the festival which lasted usually for a month, only Filipino films were shown in all theaters in MetroManila.
Prizes and trophies were awarded at the end of the festival in recognition of excellence in film making and in role
New kinds of films without sex or romance started to be made but which were nevertheless well-received by the public.Among these were:
E. COMICS, MAGAZINES AND OTHER
PUBLICATIONS During this period of the New Society, newspapers
donned new forms. News on economic progress,discipline, culture, tourism and the like were favored more than the sensationalized reporting of killings, rape and robberies.
The leading papers during this period were:
1. BULLETIN TODAY
2. TIMES JOURNAL
3. PEOPLES JOURNAL
5. PILIPINO EXPRESS
6. PHILIPPINE DAILY EXPRESS
7. EVENING POST
8. EVENING EXPRESS
Like mushrooms, comics also proliferated everywhere and were enjoyed by the masses. Among these were:
3. LOVE LIFE
F. PALANCA AWARDEES SHORT STORY CATEGORY
First Prize –“SPOTS ON THEIR WINGS AND OTHER STORIES”
Second Prize –“ON FRIENDS YOU PIN SUCH HOPES”
–Ines Taccad Camayo
Third Prize –“THE LIBERATION OF MRS.
–Jaime A. Lim
First Prize–“THE CRIES OF CHILDREN ON
AN APRIL AFTERNOON IN THE YEAR 1957”
–Gregorio C. Brillantes
Second Prize –“THE WHITE DRESS”
–Estrella D. Alfon
Third Prize –“TELL ME WHO CLEFT THE DEVIL’S FOOT”
–Luning Bonifacio Ira
Honorable Mention –“SCORING”
First Prize –co-winners
1. “THE DAY OF THE LOCUSTS”
AND FAITH ON MOUNT BANAHAW”
–Alfred A. Yuson
Second Prize –co-winners
1. “THE MAN WHO MADE A COVENANT WITH THE WIND”
–Cirilo F. Bautista
2. “ONCE UPON A CRUISE: GENERATIONS AND OTHER LANDSCAPES”
–Luning Bonifacio Ira
3. “AGCALAN POINT”
–Jose Y. Dalisay, Jr.
Third Prize – co-winners
1. “THE DOG EATERS” – Leoncio P. Deriada
2. “THE PEOPLE’S PRISON” – Mauro R.
3. “DISCOVERY” – Dr. Porfirio F. Villarin, Jr.
4. “A SUMMER GOODBYE” – Linda Ledesma
and Benjamin Bautista
First Prize – “THE HEART OF EMPTINESS IS
BLACK” – Ricardo DemetilloSecond Prize – “GO, RIDER!”
– Azucena Crajo
Third Prize – “THE RICEBIRD HAS BROWN
WINGS” – Federico Licsi Espino, Jr.
First Prize (No Award)
Second Prize – “AFTERCAFE – Juan H. Alegre
Third Prize – “DULCE EXTRANJERA”
–Wilfredo D. Nollede
First Prize – “A LIFE IN THE SLUMS” –
Rolando S. TinioSecond Prize – “PASSWORD – Paul Stephen
Third Prize – “THE MINERVA FOUNDATION”
– Maidan Flores
First Prize – “CHARTS” – Cirilo F. Bautista
Second Prize – “A TRICK OF MIRRORS” –
Rolando S. Tinio
Third Prize – “ALAPAAP’S MOUNTAIN” –
Erwin E. Castillo
First Prize – co-winners
1. “MONTAGE” – Ophelia A. Dimalanta
2. “IDENTITIES” – Artemio Tadena
Second Prize – co-winners
1. “BOXES” – Ricardo de Ungria
2. “GLASS OF LIQUID TRUTHS” – Gilbert A.
Luis Centina III
Third Prize – co-winners
1. “A LIEGE OF DATUS AND OTHER POEMS” –
Jose N. Carreon
2. “RITUALS AND METAPHORS” – Celestino M.
First Prize – “TELEX MOON” – Cirilo F.
Second Prize – “ADARNA: SIX POEMS FROM A
LARGER CORPUS” – Wilfredo Pascua Sanchez
Third Prize – “THE CITY AND THE THREAD
OF LIGHT” – Ricardo Demetillo
REPUBLIC CULTURAL HERITAGE AWARDEES (1960-1971)
Amado V. Hernandez (Posthumous)
(Literature)Jose Garcia Villa (Literature)
Francisco Reyes Aquino (Dance)
Carlos V. Francisco (Posthumous) (Painting)
Antonio J. Molina (Music)
Guillermo Tolentino (Sculpture)
Nick Joaquin (Literature)
Napoleon V. Abueva (Sculpture)
Pablo Antonio (Posthumous) (Architecture)
Lamberto V. Avellana (Movies)
Victorio G. Edades (Painting)
Jovita Fuentes (Music)
G. AN OVERVIEW OF THE LITERATUE DURING THE NEW SOCIETY
Bilingual education which was initiated by the
Board of National Education as early as 1958
and continued up to the period of Martial Rule
in September 21, 1972, resulted in the
deterioration of English in the different levels
of education. The focus of education and
culture was on problems of national identity,
on re-orientation, renewed vigor and a firm
resolves to carry out plans and programs.
The forms of literature that led during this
period wee the essays, debates and poetry. The
short stories, like the novels and plays were no
different in style from those written before the
onset of activism.
Some of the books that came out during this period were:
I Married a Newspaperman (essay) by Maria
Luna Lopez (wife of newsapaperman Salvador B.
The Modern Filipino Short Story by Patricia
Melendrez Cruz, 1980
Cross Currents in Afro-Asian Literature, by
Rustica D. Carpio, 1976
Brief Time to Love by Ofelia F. Limcaco
Medium Rare and Tell the People (feature
articles and TV Program) by Julie Yap Daza