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CBI & CLIL

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Mr. P

on 29 November 2013

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Transcript of CBI & CLIL

CBI with a focus on CLIL
What is CLIL and how does it work?
Content is taught in a foreign language
the foreign language is the means of learning
based on language acquisition
Real-life situations and natural language development
Long-term learning
Reading is essential
Fluency is more important than accuracy
Language is integrated into the curriculum (British Council)

How is this different from language immersion?
Why limit the scope of CBI to CLIL?
My Thought
Anyone who has studied SLA would admit CBI and CLIL are good ideas for learning a language.
It's not the only idea or point however
Bilingual learning and language immersion bring up serious issues beyond the scope of the language being learned.
Sounds profitable & reeks of nationalism
Could threaten regular education
Teachers from both sides of the spectrum seem to be at odds.
This isn't good
CBI is a very broad model that stretches far beyond the goals of TESOL --from a means of learning in itself to concepts that are more closely associated with nationalism than learning.
Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is a method that uses CBI with a greater focus on language learning.
CLIL attempts to distance itself from CBI by giving priority to both language learning and content.
Range:Hard (extensive) CLIL - Soft (limited) CLIL
This doesn't imply CLIL is still not highly debated (Guardian).
Cons
It's still experimental
Opposition from language teachers and content teachers
Lack of teacher training programs
Understanding content is reduce by a lack of language competence
CLIL is somewhat unnatural (British Council)
Sources
British Council. Content and Language Integrated Learning.
http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articles/content-language-integrated-learning
Harmer's Reflections
CLIL is somewhat distanced from normal EFL practices it divides teaching into:
Basic interpersonal communication skills (BICs) and
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALPs)
It's different from bilingual teaching because they have equal priority.
Some people and governments have a big stake in CLIL (EU)
Others have lost interest (Malaysia and Korea)
Does it work?
Can we find ideal teachers specializing in both target content and EFL?
Defending the local language.
If it's good for teaching EFL is it also good for teaching physics? (Harmer)

Can we have our cake and eat it too?
Pros
Provide Wider Cultural Content
Internationalization
Enhance School Profile
Improves Overall & Specific Language Proficiency
Prepares learners for the future
Develop multilingual attitudes
Diversity classroom methods
Increase Motivation (British Council)
CARLA. Content-Based Second Language Instruction: What is it? http://www.carla.umn.edu/cobaltt/cbi.html
Gaurdian. Is this the end of the language class?
http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/jan/21/guardianweekly.guardianweekly1
Jeremy Harmer. Blog Source. To teach English is human, to teach CLIL is divine?
http://jeremyharmer.wordpress.com/2011/01/25/to-teach-english-is-human-to-teach-clil-is-divine/
"The main advantage of Clil seems to be the fact that the target language is acquired in a rather effortless way."
"Many students experience a constant feeling of inferiority that they can do better than their grades show."
What is Content Based Instruction?
CBI is a diverse approach that involves learning language through content.

"Although it is most often associated with the genesis of language immersion education in Canada in 1965, content-based instruction is hardly a new phenomenon. We know that "until the rise of nationalism, few languages other than those of the great empires, religions, and civilizations were considered competent or worthy to carry the content of a formal curriculum" Swain & Johnson, 1997, p. 1 (CARLA)

What does this imply?
Full transcript