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Brief History of Sculpture

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by

Ana Blanch

on 5 January 2014

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Transcript of Brief History of Sculpture

SCULPTURE
Operates in three dimensions




Two Original Methods



Carving



Modeling
Stone







Metal





Ceramic

Wood




Modernism led
to an almost
complete freedom
of materials
and process.

A wide variety
of materials
may be worked
by removal such
as carving,


Assembled by welding
,


or modeling,
or molded,

or cast.
Sculpture in
stone survives
far better
than works
of art in
perishable materials,


and often
represents
the majority
of the surviving works
from ancient cultures

Sculpture
has been
central in
religious
devotion
in many cultures

Large sculptures,
too expensive
for private
individuals to
create, were
usually an
expression of
religion or politics.
Those cultures whose sculptures have survived in quantities include:
Ancient Mediterranean
India
China
South America
Africa
The Western tradition of sculpture began in Ancient Greece
During the Middle Ages,
Gothic sculpture
represented
the agonies and
passions of the
Christian faith.

The revival of
classical models in
the Renaissance
produced famous
sculptures such as
Michelangelo's David
Modernist sculpture moved away from traditional processes
constructed
sculpture
Found Object Art
TWO BASIC TYPES OF SCULPTURE
Sculpture in the Round
Free-standing sculpture, such as statues, not attached (except possibly at the base) to any other surface
Sculpture that is at least
partly attached
to a background
surface.
Relief
into low or bas-relief, high relief, and sometimes an intermediate mid-relief.
Relief is often classified by the degree of projection from the wall.
Low (or bas) Relief
High Relief
Intermediate
mid-relief

Sunk-relief
is a technique
restricted to
Ancient Egypt
Sculptural medium
for large
figure groups
and
narrative subjects
Architectural Sculpture
Small-scale Sculpture
Full transcript