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Rizal's Religious Views

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SHenzkiie Caligner

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Rizal's Religious Views

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Rizal's Espousal of Deism and Rationalism I. Rizal's Religious Upbringing
was born to religious parents
imbibed such religiosity
paid special devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary
made 2 poems:
dedicated to the Blessed Mother of God
belief in the Holy Child Jesus Three important personal views
of Rizal on some religious matters: Rizal's Religious Views Rizal's Espousal of Deism and Rationalism
The Background
The Religious Views of Rizal
On Private Judgment
On the Problem of God
On Relevation 1st- View on Judgment
2nd- View on the Problem of God
3rd- View on Revelation II. Metamorphosis of Faith

Rizal Studied at Ateneo and Sto. Tomas. The teaching of the Roman Catholic Church took a deep root in his consciousness.
He went abroad
encountered the ideas of modernism
encountered some of the proponents of the Enlightenment ideas
Deism- natural religion
Rationalism- reason as the chief source and test of knowledge
He went back home with new ideas In 1892,
Rizal came back home from Europe for the second time.
He was arrested and deported to Dapitan
The correspondence between Rizal and Fr. Pablo Pastells took place
Rizal sent his four letters dated:
September 1, 1892
November 11, 1892
January 9, 1893
April 4, 1893
Father Pastells wrote his replies dated:
October 12, 1892
December 8, 1892
February 2, 1893
April 1893 The Background Deistic Theology Roman Catholic Views Religious belief

Religious practice

Role of the Church and her ministers

Supernatural Revelation


Miracles Rizal's View Roman Catholic View The
Religious Views
of Rizal "The judgment of conscience is the supreme and final authority in the decision regarding moral conduct and religious belief. Himself has equipped each one with the 'lamp' of the intelligence as personal guide. The person may or must have recourse to the opinion and judgement of others to the extrinsic authority; but, in the end, the decision rests on judgment made in the light of one's own God-given conscience."
"Reason alone knows how to correct its own mistakes"
"It is up to my judgment afterwards to decide whether to follow it or not, for in this matter one has to bear the responsibility for his own actions."
"No one can pass judgment on the beliefs of others using his own beliefs as a norm."
"to make men not enemies of one another but brothers and good brothers at that." Pastells reasons:
Rizal's conscience is culpably erroneous
Reason is not the autonomous but must be guided by the doctrines of the Church
Pastells believed that Rizal had advocated autonomous reason. He also admonished Rizal to stop viewing his situation and predicament through the prism of his own judgment...'no one sits in judgment in his own case." On The Problem Of God Rizal's View Roman Catholic View He derived his belief in the existence of God through Reason and Necessity, not through Faith
He admitted that he is ignorant of the name and attributes of God
He rather chose negative theology or the "way of negation"
He still affirmed God is personal, whose providence takes care of all his children
He also confessed that he prays daily to this provident God Pastells argued that man can know God both by reason and by Faith at the same time
He described God in scholastic terms
He admitted that the names given to God are inadequate, being only anthropomorphisms On
Revelation Rizal's View Roman Catholic's
View He believed in revelation, but for him it means "revelation of nature," not the revelation according to Christian theology
He denied the Roman Catholic notion of divine positive revelation for four reasons:
fails to satisfy the rationalists' criterion of clarity
it is not universal
the bible is unreliable because it contains errors, inconsistencies, and contradictions, and it admits of conflicting interpretations
miracles cannot be taken as true to authentic revelation
Patells depended on the teaching of Vatican I concerning divine revelation
He answered Rizal about the clarity of revelation that mysteries are clear to God, though they are not clear as to their content
He said that it is not necessary to know all of scripture; what is needed is to make a general confession of faith in Christ in all that the Church teaches
He argued in behalf of miracles by saying that God works miracles by suspending the laws of nature in order to authenticate revelation
Faith is something that gives assent to the higher order, the truths revealed by God
The religion of Christ remains the absolute religion. All other religions are false

He rather believed in the kind of revelation through the mediation of nature, or natural revelation and conscience
He also spoke of natural revelation as something that "speaks to us and penetrates our being from the day we are born to the day we die."
He made an important assertion concerning the relation between human experience and revelation
He also gave his view on the interior experience of man and the course of nature Fr. Pastells refuted Rizal using the Church teachings embodied in Vatican Council I, convoked by Pope Pius XI
Fr Pastells' political assertions:
that the right of Spain to the occupation and subsequent domination of the Philippines was a divine and natural right

that the prescription of the fact of the Spanish domination in the Philippines with its attendant circumstances, making it indisputable
that the fruits of the occupation and domination of Spain corroborate the fact and the right of her dominion
that Philippines separatism constitutes a most ugly stain of indescribable ingratitude
that separatism in the Philippines is impossible of execution, untenable in practice, and suicidal in the result
that the Philippines shall sail triumphant up to the goal of true progress, but, separated from her, the Philippines shall participate herself inevitably into the chaos of anarchy, slavery, and savagery reduced to God's existence and the immortality of the soul
reduced to mere ethical behavior

reduced mere moral guides in matters pertaining to private life

not possible

mere classical writing

mere figments of the imagination important dimension of man's belief in God

not merely an ethical behavior but God's way of guiding his people
true instruments of God in guiding his people


a book written according to the inspiration of God
truly God's work
On Private Judgment
Full transcript