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Praha presentation

Andrew Hayes

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of Praha

Vitame Vas v Praze Belahradska 35 We'll be staying in these apartments located minutes from the heart of Prague. Trams pass the front door and make getting to town easy and quick.

We will be within walking distance of the National Museum and Opera House.
The apartments are also very close to the main train station making it an ideal place to stay.
Czech Trams: The Czech Republic is one of the worlds largest tram producers, manufacuring trams which are sold to cities all over the world, including Washington D.C. The National Museum is the largest museum in the Czech Republic. As the central state museum with collecting, scientific, educational and methodological functions it seeks to enhance the sense of national identity and awareness of being part of the whole framework of European and world community and culture. It is a polythematic institution, which comprises a large number of scientific disciplines and areas of collecting ranging from natural sciences to specialised fields of social sciences. Narodni Muzeum Exhibits Anthropological History
Prehistoric Time of Bohemia
Tribute to Democracy
Geological Past of the Earth
Mineralogical showcase
Statni Opera The state opera was built in the late 19th century as a joint effort between the german opera company and czech opera company then performing in the nation. The building was designed by architechts from Vienna and has many of the same features of the vienna opera house. Hlavni Nadrazi Originally created in the 13th centrury with the primary pupose to function as a horse market the square has now become a busy shoping center.

Items of Interest: Statue of Saint Wenceslas mounted on a horse Vaclavske Namesti Cesky Jidlo Jan Hus Orloj Astronomical Clock Jan Hus was one of the first protestant reformers in Europe. He led a reform through behemia, and moravia in the late 14th century, nearly a century before Martin Luther did the same in Germany.

In 1411 he was excommunicated and burned at the stake in 1415. The Golem of Prague This clock never really worked. It was in 1410 and hasn't been reliable since. It has seen years, and half centuries of inactivity, every aspect of it has been replaced multiple times, and the entire building burned down in the last days of WW2.

The clock as it stands now is a re-creation of the original parts. Built in 1357 it was the only bridge in Prague over the Vltava river until 1841. It connects the old town with the newer districts and Prague Castle.

There are 30 statues of saints positioned along the bridge. Karluv Most Prazky Hrad The first buildings on the caslte complex were built around 900A.D.
The actual palace sections were adding the 12th and 14th centuries.
The castle was involved in very few wars, but has still required renovations through the years. During WW2 it housed the Nazi occupying government, and after the war the Communist government.
It is now the seat of czech government. The early parts of the cathedral were formed around the year 960A.D. as a romanesque rotunda. The gothic style cathedral seen today was started in 1344, but had a number of issues in construction. After nearly a century of construction the building was only half done. Construction was halted during the Hussite War in the first half of the 15th century.

Construction on the Cathedral was not serioudly continued until the 19th century, and was not completed until the 1920s, with Alfons Mucha decorating some of the new windows. St. Vitus Cathedral Created in 1770-1780 by Ignac Frantisek Platzer the statues are known as the Contest of Giants. Two gladiators stand in fighting poses over the gate to the castle as a warning to anybody who enters. Castle Gate Malostranske Namesti Malostranske Namesti is home to St. Nicholas Church and the Old Town Hall. It is in the old town hall that czech nobles called for more religious freedom in 1575. And in another building in 1618 nobles conspired to murder two Habsburg councilors at Prague Castle, which set off the 30 years war.
In the 13th century jews were ordered to leave their homes and settle in one section of prague. This later became known as the jewish quarter, the Prague Jewish Ghetto, or Josefov.

Areas of Interest:
Old Jewish Cemetary
Old New Synagog
Jewish Town Hall Replacing an older romanesque church construction began in 1256, but was not completed until 1511. The church was hit by lightning in 1679 causing a fire. Some of the gothic features were replaced in baroque style at that time. Tyn Church The Dancing House Designed by Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunić in co-operation with Canadian architect Frank Gehry on a vacant riverfront plot (where the previous building had been destroyed during the Bombing of Prague in 1945). The building was designed in 1992 and completed in 1996. The 14th century castle was originally built as a treasury to hold the crown jewels of the Holy Roman Empire. Building was initiated by Charles IV, and like most castles, Karlstejn has seen changes and additions - as well as renovations - over the course of its centuries-long history. While many of the best rooms are off-limits to visitors, the exterior of the castle, as well as the interior guests are given access to, makes this trip memorable.
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