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Alcoholism Presentation

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Caitlyn McDonald

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Alcoholism Presentation

Alcoholism What Is Alcoholism? A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestation. Alcoholism is characterized by:
a prolonged period of frequent, heavy alcohol use.
the inability to control drinking once it has begun.
physical dependence manifested by withdrawal symptoms when the individual stops using alcohol.
tolerance, or the need to use more and more alcohol to achieve the same effects.
a variety of social and/or legal problems arising from alcohol use. Signs of Alcoholism: You cannot quit drinking or control how much you drink.
You need to drink more to get the same effect.
You have withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking. These include feeling sick to your stomach, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety.
You spend a lot of time drinking and recovering from drinking, or you have given up other activities so you can drink.
You have tried to quit drinking or to cut back the amount you drink but haven't been able to.
You continue to drink even though it harms your relationships and causes physical problems. Risk Factors Steady drinking over time
Family history
Depression and other mental factors
Social and cultural factors
Mixing medication and alcohol Treatment Detoxification and withdrawal
Learning skills and establishing a treatment plan
Psychological counseling
Oral medications
Injected medication
Aftercare programs
Spiritual practice Good News! Drinking a lot does not necessarily indicate alcoholism.
i.e a married man who has more than 10 drinks daily, but is emotionally stable, is not defined as an alcoholic.
What separates from being a college kid and an alcoholic: Signs of addiction and bad behavior while intoxicated or sober. Implications Risk of developing serious and persistent health disorders.
* Examples: Liver Disease and Wernicke-Korsakoff
Threatens a person's intimate relationships, career, and finances.
*Frequently arguments with loved ones over their alcohol
*Declines in performance levels at work or school.
*Legal repercussions as a result of irresponsible behaviors
and actions--i.e. public intoxication and drunk driving. Successful Country: Slovenia Slovenia was second highest drop in drinking in this period, despite its proximity to other Eastern European nations with large increases.

Harder to buy- Age of 18, no sales before 10 AM

Restricted Advertising- no schools or health clubs. Only allowed on TV and radio after 10 PM.

Drinking and driving laws have been changed as well, drastically decreasing amount of alcohol related crashes. Unsuccessful Country: Estonia Estonia has had the highest increase in alcohol consumed. Tried to stop selling at 8 PM but this failed. Minister of Justice does not believe
criminal charges for DUI would
solve the problem. Also beginning ad restrictions, but having troubles. Implications continued -Globally, 6.2% of all male deaths are related to alcohol, compared to 1.1% of female deaths. One-in-five men in the Russian Federation and neighbouring countries die due to alcohol-related causes.
-Globally, 320 000 young people aged 15-29 years die annually, from alcohol-related causes, resulting in 9% of all deaths in that age group. From 1999, when WHO first began to report on alcohol policies, at least 34 countries have adopted some type of formal policies to reduce harmful use of alcohol. Restrictions on alcohol marketing and on drink–driving have increased, but there are no clear trends on most preventive measures. Many countries have weak alcohol policies and prevention programs.
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