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Animals of the Dust Bowl
Transcript of Animals of the Dust Bowl
They were highly unliked by the people because they
would always eat the crop. Subquestions 1. What type of animals lived in the Dust Bowl? 2. Were they well suited for the Dust Bowl and why? 3. What did the people in the Dust Bowl do to the animals, and was it good or bad? The four main animals that lived on the Dust Bowl were the cattle, horses, chickens, and jackrabbits. The cattle were mostly used for food or field work. The horses were also commonly used for field work. Chickens provided meat as well as eggs for the farmer's family. Cattle, horses and chickens were all imported by himans. Jackrabbits weren't quite as helpfull to the farmers as the other three. They were migratory animals, and bred very fast. They could produce 3-8 offspring every 32 days. The problem farmers had with the jackrabbits was that they would eat a lot of the crop, and the roots. 1. Cattle: The cattle weren't very well suited for the Dust Bowl. They would get blinded by the dust, and in much worse cases, they would suffocate becuase they would inhale so much dust, and then their lungs would be coated with dust and mud.
Horses: Horses were also poorly built for the Dust Bowl. They would die the same way that the cattle did, but people usually took better care of their horses, so they would be slightly more pretected.
Chickens: Chickens were also very prone to death. They would die like the horses and cattle. They would sometimes go to roost (basically sleep) in the middle of the day because they thought that it was night if there was a lot of dust in the air.
Jackrabbits: They were much more adapted to the climate of the Dust Bowl. This is because of many reasons. First, it can get its water from plants. Next, it has furr on its feet, so the hot sand doesn't burn them. 1. Cattle: On January 15, 1935, a law was passed, that allowed the government to buy cattle from the farmers of the Dust Bowl for $14-$20 per head (per animal). This way, they would get more money for the animals than what they could be sold for at local markets. At the beginning of the program, about 50 percent of the cattle were killed because they weren't suitable for human consumption, but the rest of themwere given to the Federal Surplus Relief Corparation and distributed to families nationwide. This was one of the better uses of the cattle, but killing them was very inhumane. Many times, they would be taken behind a house or barn and then shot.
2. Horses: Horses were mainly used for transportation. When families moved, they usually hooked horses up to the wagon and left. The were also heavily worked in the fields, but in many farms, tractors took their place.
3. Chickens: Chickens weren't treated very badly. The only cruel treatments were the dust storms. Other than that, they were treated just like chickens are treated today.
4. Jackrabbits: Jackrabbits were treated terribly by people. People in the Dust Bowl were famous for having jackrabbit drives. This is where a lot of people in a town or community would get together and hunt jackrabbits. They would herd them into a pen, and then trap them and kill them.