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Transcript of Shintoism
Started around 500 B.C.
It was a cult originally before Buddhism was introduced to Japan
Shinto is also called Kaminomichi can be translated into, "The way of the gods". Worshiping Rituals Location and Followers Important Rituals Main area of worshiping is in Japan
Number of followers in the world is about 2.7 million people.
There are about 1000 followers of Shinto in North America.
4 Main Divisions
Koshitsu Shinto- The Imperial House
Jinja Shinto- Original form of Shinto
Minzoku- Folk Shinto Basic Beliefs The spirits are called "Kami," that live in natural places such as animals, plants, rivers, and mountains.
One of the most important ethic codes of Shintoism is the prioritization of group solidarity over individual identity, however personal purity, ritual, and reverence for nature is equally important
A special archway called a torii marks a Shinto shrine, which is believe to separate the sacred world from the outside world.
There are about 80,000 shrines in all of Japan
Each shrine has a yearly festival in which pay their respects to the kami and celebrate with food and wine. 1. Purification-takes place before the main ceremony
2. Adoration-bowing to the altar
3. Opening of the Sanctuary
4. Presentation of food offerings- cannot be meat
5. Prayers- Can be dated back to the 10th century CE
6. Music and Dance
7. Offerings- These are made of twigs of a sacred tree with white papers and is also symbolic.
8. Removal of Offerings
9. Closing the Sanctuary
10. Final Adoration
12. Ceremonial Meal Petitioning of the kami to grant good health, prosperity, and success.
Tending the family kamidana (household shrine).
Participating in the matsuri(festival) in which a mikoshi, a portable shrine, is carried throughout the village. Ten Precepts of Shinto I. Do not transgress the will of the gods.
II. Do not forget your obligations to ancestors.
III. Do not offend by violating the decrees of the State.
IV. Do not forget the profound goodness of the gods, through which calamity and misfortunes are averted and sickness is healed.
V. Do not forget that the world is one great family.
VI. Do not forget the limitations of your own person.
VII. Do not become angry even though others become angry.
VIII. Do not be sluggish in your work.
IX. Do not bring blame to the teaching.
X. Do not be carried away by foreign teachings. By: Jameson Blount & Sara Peek Excerpts The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there your own form. Even the wishes of an ant reach to heaven. Leave the things of this world and come to me daily with pure bodies and pure hearts.
A single sincere prayer moves heaven. You will surely realise the divine presence through sincere prayer.
Where you have sincerity, there is also virtue. Sincerity is the mother of knowledge. Sincerity is a single virtue that binds divinity and man in one. Modern Shinto Shinto was a "state-sponsored cult" between the years of 1817-1945.
After the announcement that the emperor no longer has a relation to the gods, the religion began to return to its roots before the emperors considered themselves deities.
Many religious sects began to form together over the past 200 years. The number of followers varies from just a handful to millions of people.
Women are now able to obtain priesthood and young women are able to carry a mikoshi during festivals. Holidays Oban- the annual festival honouring the souls of the dead.
Shogatsu Matsuri- three day New Years celebration Sacred Texts Kojiki- The record of ancient matters
Rokkokushi- Six National Histories
Shoku Nihonji and Nihon Shoki- Continuing Chronicals of Japan
Jinno Shotoki- A study of Shinto and Japanese politics and history. Significant Figures The emperors were once worshiped as gods or the descendants of gods.
Ono Yasumaro- compiled the Kojiki
Motoori Norinaga- A great 18th century scholar Afterlife & Sins There is very little emphasis on the afterlife.
Shinto is a way of life and thus is only concerned with the here and now.
The "tama" or soul continues to influence the living until rejoining the ancestors of the family.
Everyone strives to become immortal which is when a tama observes all 10 precepts of Shinto.
To be remembered with dignity, it is important for them to follow the virtuous ways.