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Gerunds and Infinitives
Transcript of Gerunds and Infinitives
Verb + "ing" = Gerund
"To" + Verb = infinitive
Read + "ing" = Reading Take + "ing"= Taking
Work + "ing" = Working Make + "ing" = Making
Put + "ing" = Putting Lie + "ing" = Lying
Cut + "ing" = Cutting Die + "ing" = Dying
"To" + Take = To take "To" + Read = To read
"To" + Cut = To cut "To" + Lie + To lie
Swimming can keep yourself healthy. ( Subject of sentence)
My favorite sport is swimming. ( Complement of sentence)
I like swimming. (Object of sentence)
To study is important. ( Subject of sentence)
The most important thing is to learn. ( Complement of sentence)
He needs to sudy. ( Object of sentence)
Learning is important.
To learn is important.
The most important thing is learning.
The most important thing is to learn.
He enjoys swimming.
Verb Followed by Gerunds
He wants to swim.
Verb Followed by Infinitives
I enjoyed their singing.
They were singing.
•She understood his saying no to the offer.
He said no.
Verbs Followed by a Noun + an Infinitive
The police ordered the man to stop
noun is required
She asked to leave.
noun is optional
She asked him to leave.
noun is optional
Verbs followed by a Gerund OR a Noun + Infinitive
I advised taking the train.
I advised him to take the train.
He will take the train.
Go + Gerund
I go swimming every weekend.
Would you ever go swimming?
Let's talk about shopping.
This story about falling love.
Sandy is scared of flying
•Nancy remembered getting married.
•Fred remembered to bring sunblock to the beach.
•She likes swimming.
•She likes to swim.
"Be + adjective"
They were anxious to begin.
She was delighted to receive such good feedback.
"In order to do something."
too + adjective/adverb + infinitive
adjective/adverb + enough + infinitive
enough + noun(s) + infinitive
Verb of Location + Location + Verb+ing
Sarah stood at the corner waiting for Tom.
Melissa lay in bed thinking about her future.