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PSYCHOTHERAPY

AP PSYCHOLOGY
by

Maria Vita

on 2 May 2015

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Transcript of PSYCHOTHERAPY

PSYCHOANALYSIS or
PSYCHODYNAMIC
FREE
ASSOCIATION
HYPNOSIS
PROJECTIVE TESTS
DREAM ANALYSIS
BEHAVIORAL
0
+
-
=
9
8
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
c
Bio-psycho-social
Biology/brain
Psychology - thoughts, trauma, beliefs
Social - roles, culture
POSITIVE PSYCH
Martin Seligman
When negative events occur...

Pessimistic style: Stable; permanent; global

Optimistic: temporary;
subject to change
COGNITIVE
Beliefs: Thoughts control our behaviors
Each approach has its own beliefs
and techniques
to treat mental illnesses
USE A CHART TO MEMORIZE EACH APPROACH,
THE BELIEFS, TECHNIQUES, and MAJOR FIGURES
TECHNIQUES
EXPOSURE/flooding (or graded exposure; successive approximations)
SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION (step by step relaxation)
TOKEN ECONOMY - or operant conditioning
AVERSIVE CONDITIONING
BELIEFS
Think that the environment
(or consequences within
- i.e. rewards, punishments)
make us who we are
FIGURES
TECHNIQUES
SELF-ACTUALIZATION, self concept
UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY
EMPATHIC LISTENING
PSYCHOTHERAPY
or "talk therapy"

BASIC IDEA:
All humans are GOOD;
each has FREE WILL/
CHOICE to live to fullest
potential!
FAMOUS FIGURES
BF SKINNER JOHN WATSON
Techniques:

Cognitive therapy (Beck)
REBT or Rational-Emotive Behavior
Therapy (Albert Ellis)
Virtual therapy (both beh. & cog)
FIGURES
Albert Albert Aaron
Bandura Ellis Beck
Rorschach Inkblot
Thematic
Apperception
Test Tell me about "TAT" picture
Basic idea: unconscious/ hidden mind or ID reveals "animal" desires
HUMANISTIC
FIGURES
Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow
Sigmund Carl Alfred
Freud Jung Adler
Full transcript